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This post is about a technique I thought up for learning Czech (čeština) Declensions

In an attempt to learn Czech declensions, I wonder whether a web page on the internet or standard Android application exists, which lists, for each of the following standard model words on which the Czech declensions are based, and for each such word, and case and number, a sentence containing the conjugated word. This should mean six to seven times two sentences for each word, since for each word there can be six to seven cases and each can be singular or plural if I am correct.

With this method, by memorizing all the phrases, one can see the declensions in context, and will be able to initially recall these cases and numbers to formulate or conjugate other related words. Since one will put more effort into memorizing the entire phrase than just the declension tables, such method should be more durable and effective, in the long term.

In fact I have been even told that in some scenarios some Czech textbooks portray sentences relating all declentions of a single word in a single sentence as well. It would be interesting to know where these examples can be found on the internet as well.

So, I am looking for examples with the following words.

  • pán
  • muž
  • hrad
  • soudce
  • předseda
  • stroj
  • žena
  • růže
  • píseň
  • kost
  • město
  • moře
  • kuře
  • nastavení
  • lidé
  • děti
  • kámen
  • břemeno

I would also like to know in what order Czech people recite noun conjugation tables, whether all singular forms first and then all plurals, and the relative collocation of declensions, nominative accusative, genitive, native or nominative, genitive, native, accusative, and would also like to know the relative collocation of the vocative, whether before the locative and instrumental or after. Theoretically, Czech children learn to recite these conjugation tables in some given order, and I would like to know which order that is. If there is even an Android app where you can view and hear such conjugations I would like to know about it (my phone is currently running low on memory though and I probably won't be able to try it until I purchase a new phone).

Thanks.

migrated from linguistics.stackexchange.com May 17 '18 at 15:41

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    "I would also like to know in what order Czech people recite noun conjugation tables." Generally speakers of inflected languages do not recite conjugation tables. – Adam Bittlingmayer May 19 '18 at 5:21
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    @A.M.Bittlingmayer Not when using the language, but when learning the grammar (e.g. at elementary school), we do. – v6ak May 30 '18 at 18:53
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    @JoselinJocklingson Czech kids learn declensions (not decisions) naturally by trying to speak. At this point, they have no idea about grammar. Later (at elementary school), they learn grammar. For declensions, I am not aware of any mnemonic. Note that kids learn a system they already can naturally use, not something completely new for them. It is a bit like learning math symbols when you have some intuitive idea of adding and substracting. – v6ak Jun 9 '18 at 12:35
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    Also, we weren't taught all of those declension types. We were taught the most common ones. For nouns, they were: neutral: město, moře, kuře, stavení: feminime: žena, růže, píseň, kost; masculine animate: pán, muž, předseda, soudce, masculine inanimate: hrad, stroj. Masculine were the last, because they are harder due to animacy. (Traditionally ordered pán, hrad, muž, stroj, předseda, soudce, not sure why.) Later, we were taught some less common cases, such as nouns declinated like adverbs, e.g. vedoucí (boss, leader or leading), Jiří (George) etc. Or non-declinated words like filé and ragú. ☺ – v6ak Jun 9 '18 at 12:45
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    Some time ago, I have tried to explain Czech declension to a Russian classmate. Note that the terminology might be incorrect (“template” vs. “declension type”) and the style is rather technical: gist.github.com/v6ak/625838fa2bd5d5f59420 – v6ak Jun 9 '18 at 12:56
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As a native Czech speaker, I should be able to answer some of your questions, but not all. Usage of the cases is something I have learned naturally (without having any idea of grammar), so I can't help you there. It is also many years ago when I attended an elementary school. Sorry.

On an Android app: You might try Duolingo. I have some experience with that, but not with learning Czech.

On order of conjugations: I usually see singular and then plural. Cases are traditionally ordered as nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, vocative, local, instrumental. The ordering of cases might be important when talking with native Czech speakers about grammar, because they are usually known just by number (“first case” for nominative, “second case” for genitive and so on). We weren't taught latin names for the cases on elementary school and there are no Czech names for them, just numbers. For remembering their order, you can use NGDAVLI (sequence of their initials) if it helps. This was the way I remember mapping of names to numbers.

Numbering cases and not using names for them is reportedly specific for Czech and Slovak.

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