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When learning a second language, should one choose a program focusing on grammar and structure or one that focuses on conversation?

I have a friend who wants to learn English and is debating between two different programs. One is more focused on conversations while the other is more focused on grammar, reading, and writing. Any ...
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0answers
10 views

Is “shouldn't it” equivalent to “should it not” in American English? [migrated]

Goodday, I have noticed that some Americans write shouldn't it in sentences. For example: Why is the dog outside, shouldn't it be inside? Is this correct gramma in American English? Because I assume ...
-2
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1answer
8 views

What is an interactive and intuitive way to learn a language? [closed]

I'm trying to intuitively learn Spanish without too much grammar reading or conscious vocabulary memorizing. I understand listening and reading are some of the best ways to learn intuitively, but what'...
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0answers
11 views

Meaning of English sentence [migrated]

Consider the following English sentence: In the social struggle he has trained himself to see, in the devouring tyrannies closing on the worsted, the natural law of efficiency. Does the worsted stand ...
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0answers
9 views

For Mandarin, are there estimates on how many repetitions it takes to remember a word through reading?

Nation (2014) (pdf) discusses English vocabulary acquisition through extensive reading alone. While reading at a 98% comprehensible input level, the learner will (probably) remember a word ...
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0answers
17 views

Spanish vs Russian rules

I am a native English speaker, and I also speak Spanish with a decent accent having lived in Spain for years. For example I know how to roll my 'r' letters the Spanish way. I have decided to learn ...
1
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1answer
31 views

How long does it take to learn German at a B1 level?

I speak Hungarian and learnt English as a second language (both are at a C1/C2 level) and recently developed an interest in German. I tried to find out roughly how long it would take to learn German ...
2
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0answers
13 views

What is the best manual (non-program) research-backed SRS spacing?

I am learning Japanese Kanji via Remembering the Kanji, but this question could apply to any vocab or grammar flashcard sets. I know that programs such an Anki have an algorithm that decides the best ...
4
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2answers
41 views

Spanish verb tenses cheat sheet?

This is rather embarrassing, but I lived in Spain for five years from the age 9 to 14, and I also went through their education system, but I still do not know when to use which of los tiempos verbales....
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0answers
11 views

What are good free online resources for self-learning of English? [closed]

I believe there are a lot of good sites on the web that teach English. From grammar, through words and pronunciation. But it's hard to find them. Can you give a bunch of well created free online pages ...
4
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0answers
20 views

EFL / ESL language study books based on historical topics

I like history. Is there any EFL/ESL method which teaches English with historical subjects like WW2 or history in general? I am looking for a book that is professionally designed for language learning ...
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0answers
3 views

Do I say “log files on bug ticket” or “log files for bug ticket”? [migrated]

Can I say I am studying log files, generated after Ben on bug ticket H-201?
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0answers
30 views

Website offering simulations of the IELTS test

I'm looking for some website offering simulation IELTS tests. When I was planning to present the TOEFL I found a website called Scorte Nexus, that offers simulation TOEFL tests, and I found it very ...
1
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0answers
17 views

Russian Book Recommendations - Self Study

I’m looking for books to learn Russian, specifically the overall grammar “rules”: conjugations, declensions, etc. Level: Beginner up to advanced. The books should be for self study. For reference, I ...
4
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1answer
39 views

What do Chinese students do with the lists of new characters in 语文 textbooks?

In my grade-3 语文 textbooks, we find lists of new characters which appear in the accompanying essay, such as the following: I'm curious as to what what Chinese students actually do with this. I ...
4
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1answer
35 views

Constructivism Learning Theory for English language teaching

Constructivism is a theory of learning to help the learners to construct something based on their own understanding. it implies that learners are encouraged to construct their own knowledge instead of ...
1
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2answers
41 views

Is there a customizable Memrise-like spaced-repetition software that lets the user choose an answer from a list?

I use both Anki and Memrise to learn vocabulary but these days I'm getting to think that Anki is not that effective to learn a word, as it is just flipping a card. On the other hand, Memrise lets you ...
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0answers
19 views

What is the best way to improve my spelling in English as my second language? [closed]

I am an English learner, Who uses English in everything from learning to work, and I always try to improve my English as my second language. My mother tongue is Arabic. Can anyone advise me on how to ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Between Polish and Portuguese, which language is easier to learn for an English speaker, and why?

Between those two, whose grammar, vocabulary, or pronunciation is closer to English? Is there any other reason?
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0answers
6 views

What does “steal my crown” mean in English? [migrated]

I was enjoying a song "Butterflies" by Kacey Musgraves and in the lyrics there is "Stealing my heart 'stead of stealing my crown". What does "steal my crown" mean? I am ...
1
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2answers
50 views

How can I improve my IELTS writing skills?

I have problems with sentence connectors, structure and vocabulary. I need to get IELTS test band 7. Please provide some learning material. I tried to find something on google, but there are many ...
6
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2answers
75 views

Learning a fourth language is messing my third language: How can I avoid that?

After learning English, I studied Finnish for some years and I attained a decent level. When I was studying Finnish, I noticed already that it was sort of "displacing" my German (A language ...
4
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0answers
27 views

How do I improve my English listening and speaking skills?

I am 17 from Egypt have been learning English for like 15 years so its supposed to be similar to my native spoken language (Arabic-Egyptian dialect). During those 15 years, I've been somewhat good at ...
0
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0answers
23 views

What is the difference between EFL, language immersion, and CLIL?

EFL = English as a Foreign Language Language Immersion = ? CLIL = Content and Language Integrated Learning What are the basic differences between these three in terms of the role of L1 and L2, aims, ...
6
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2answers
43 views

Looking for a book or class to help me perfect my already fairly good English

I'm really struggling to write properly in English. I'm making a lot of mistakes. Thus, I'm looking for a book to enhance my skills. Unfortunately, everything I found so far explains in detail what is ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

What languages have words which you can pronounce reliably purely based on the way they are written? [closed]

It appears that Spanish and Chinese (Pinyin) are languages which you can accurately derive the pronunciation of the words purely from their spelling. Whereas English is definitely not that type of ...
3
votes
2answers
41 views

How do keyboards work in general across different language scripts?

For example, these are some scripts: Arabic for Arabic/Persian/Urdu Devanagari for Hindi Tamil Kanji/Kana for Japanese Tibetan Hebrew with Niqqud Amharic Sinhala etc. How do you typically write ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

I would love to make my English conversational

I've been self studying English and I'm pretty good in reading and listening. I do have a good pronunciation, but well I have to pause a lot when speaking. Not because I don't know what to say or what ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Can you derive the pronunciation of Hebrew words from their Hebrew spelling?

I would like to find and/or create a pronunciation dictionary of Hebrew words. I can find a frequency list of 400,000+ Hebrew words on Wikipedia, but there are no pronunciation guides. Is it possible ...
2
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0answers
16 views

Combining two mismatched Anki decks

I have been working my way for several months through an Anki deck for a foreign language. The deck is for level A1 of the foreign language and, because I have been using it for some months, it ...
2
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0answers
23 views

How to explain certain grammar constructs to ESL students

How do I explain to someone whose first language is not English the following concept: If I want to ask you about something, the phrase is "How does it work?" If I am about to explain how ...
3
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1answer
28 views

Is Quizlet's “Learn” algorithm the same as Anki's Spaced repetition?

Is Quizlet's “Learn” algorithm the same as Anki's spaced repetition? If not, how does it differ?
6
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3answers
76 views

How can I internalize the gender of nouns in languages that have grammatical gender?

As we know, many languages have grammatical gender for every noun, and the gender of a noun requires agreement from adjectives and sometimes verbs and requires the use of the correct pronoun for its ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Automatically create a list of new vocabulary from an eBook

I thought of an idea for a software that I would find useful as a foreign language learner, and I am wondering if something similar already exists. The software would (more-or-less) automatically ...
5
votes
0answers
26 views

When the Foreign Services Institute says “X class hours” are required, how many hours of self-study are assumed?

From the Foreign Language Training website, we find e.g.: The following language learning timelines reflect 70 years of experience in teaching languages to U.S. diplomats, and illustrate the time ...
3
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0answers
10 views

How could I most efficiently get myself up to decently literate/articulate level in Hindi as an L1 Marathi speaker?

I speak Marathi natively, but being born and raised in the US, I haven't been exposed to Hindi very much, if at all. What kinds of resources or approaches to learning ought I to use when learning ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What is the optimal order in which to learn languages?

The general principle of this question is "If you could only speak n languages, which languages would those be to maximize the number of people that you could speak to?" For example, if n = ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Is there a resource for finding interlinear translations of books in EPUB format, and if so, what is it?

I would like to read texts (books, articles or any other kind of reading content) in interlinear translation (where a sentence, or segment of a sentence, is spatially positioned above its translation, ...
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0answers
55 views

Is learning Sanskrit more difficult than learning Hebrew or Latin?

Sanskrit is pluricentric to all the Indian languages. Is teaching and learning Sanskrit more difficult than teaching and learning other reconstructed and revived languages like Hebrew and Latin?
4
votes
1answer
41 views

How to help a beginner with speaking?

I am going to help a student with speaking in my native language who is at beginner level. How would we have the conversation such that the student can take the most out of it? Some points I made up ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Sanskrit language learning resources and tools

What are some free and open-source online (or offline) Sanskrit learning resources and tools?
4
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1answer
37 views

Usefulness of Literacy concept in Language Learning and Teaching

I have been struggling with literacy, both as a concept and theory. The literature on literacy is very broad, it seems quite all-encompassing, so I am struggling to make sense of literacy in any ...
1
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0answers
31 views

How to force youtube site auto-generated to create closed caption for an uploaded video on its site

I have an idea for intermediate language learners who want to improve their languages skills by using video on youtube. Learners could improve listening skill by watching videos in target language. If ...
1
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0answers
17 views

Is there some research comparing the results between grammar, text comprehension and vocabulary exercises for language learners?

I want scientific ressources of why some exercises are good for learning language. Any ressource will be useful for the literature I am collecting.
4
votes
1answer
42 views

A platform for writing custom text, then hear it and try to write it down without mistakes?

I am searching for a platform where I can add my custom text (1000 words for example) and the platform should hide this text from me and I should be able to hear it only (slowly) and then write the ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Learning to speak without thinking about grammar

I recently started learning (modern) Greek. As this is the first time I've tried to learn a second language, I have a question about learning to speak more naturally. Because Greek has such a ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

What are some of the best ways to get a toddler started learning Chinese in a non-native home?

We have a 1.5 year old boy in an English-only household. We'd like him to learn Chinese (Putonghua / Mandarin) over the next ten years or more. What are some of the best ways to get him exposed to ...
5
votes
0answers
49 views

Is there an observable Dunning-Kruger-style effect whereby the most difficult languages for a student to learn are initially considered easy?

When I started learning Chinese, overconfidence led to me thinking it was "easy". However as I progress, I realize not only how little I know, but also how ignorant I was early on: I was ...
6
votes
1answer
102 views

What are some effective methods for improving one's accent?

I am a non-native English speaker. I've started learning the language roughly ten years ago, and have been practicing it ever since, be it through exposure to English-spoken content (movies, music, ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

What is a weekly lesson plan?

What is a Weekly Lesson Plan? The context in Poland, Young Learners of Grade-3. ESL.

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