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29 votes
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What are estimates of vocabulary size for each CEFR level?

I haven't found any official source to answer your question, but several members of online forums have explained their methods in estimating what they believe to be the number of vocabulary words you ...
fi12's user avatar
  • 9,147
18 votes

What are estimates of vocabulary size for each CEFR level?

There is at least one language test that I have taken that maps its own levels to CEFR levels and that defines the minimum number of words you need to know, namely Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi (HSK). HSK is ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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17 votes

What resources are there for learning Toki Pona?

This is what I used: o kama sona e toki pona! (on Tokipona.net, unfortunately no longer available). It's one of the most popular courses, although there are a few points that differ from Sonja's ...
kristan's user avatar
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16 votes

How to start thinking in a new language

Don't be worried, it takes years to begin thinking in a second language. According to Fluentin3Months, Thinking in a new language is a decision you can make. If you know even a few dozen key grammar ...
fi12's user avatar
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16 votes

What are estimates of vocabulary size for each CEFR level?

Vocabulary size and CEFR levels in English based on Vocabulary size and the common European framework of reference for languages by James Milton, Thomaï Alexiou, 2009: A1 <1500 A2 1500–2500 B1 ...
gavenkoa's user avatar
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15 votes
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How to remember words and improve my vocabulary

Each person has a different way of storing information in their brain. You have to find a technique that works best for you. Some that you can try include: Notebook: for some people, maintaining and ...
J. Siebeneichler's user avatar
14 votes

What resources are there for learning Toki Pona?

I found this 112 page Toki Pona instructional booklet, covering everything from the alphabet to more advanced concepts, like words for thematic vocabulary or living things. It seems to be one of the ...
fi12's user avatar
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13 votes
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Is the “T-Coding Method” a reliable method to learn vocabulary?

I think this method is better known as the "keyword method" or the "keyword mnemonic". The technique was introduced by Richard C. Atkinson's 1975 article Mnemotechnics in Second Language Learning. ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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13 votes

How to remember words and improve my vocabulary

In addition to J. Siebeneichler's answer, using the language yourself is often a good way to solidify things in your brain. One way you can do that is to try to blog at a site like lang-8 where ...
Archenoth's user avatar
  • 231
12 votes

How can I expand my active vocabulary in a foreign language?

The best way is probably to use it. Speaking is harder than writing, so it's more intense, and tends to be more effective, faster. But, as you say there are no native speakers around you, I offer ...
janos's user avatar
  • 221
10 votes

Is SRS more effective than traditional study for vocabulary augmentation?

There is a wealth of research supporting the effectiveness of SRS. From Want to recall 92% of everything you learn? This algorithm makes forgetting difficult: Does SRS really work? Over two dozen ...
Philip Seyfi's user avatar
10 votes
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How many new words at a time?

If your flashcards are divided into just two piles—the big one and the small one—you may need to refine your reviewing system or "algorithm". One very common system is the Leitner system (named after ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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9 votes

Can practicing vocabulary from L2 to the same L2 instead of from L2 to L1 be more effective for learning the vocabulary?

For learners at low levels using L1 is recommended as L2 definitions will probably comprise more unfamiliar words making it difficult to comprehend and require retaining too much new information. For ...
Muzaffar's user avatar
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8 votes

Online resource to study Russian language vocabulary

Free Duolingo is an immensely popular language learning platform, and they released their Russian course for English speakers around 8 months ago. I have experience with Duolingo, and can attest to ...
Hatchet's user avatar
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8 votes
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What is this phenomenon called when someone uses an "uncommon" word in his target language that is similar to one in his own language?

In the paper "Lexical Inventions: French Interlanguage as L2 versus L3" (Applied Linguistics, 19.4 (1998)), Jean-Marc Dewaele refers to a paper by E. Haugen ("The Analysis of Linguistic Borrowing", ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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7 votes

How can I expand my active vocabulary in a foreign language?

Try to speak with yourself at times. Conversing with yourself can help bring out a lot of new vocabulary into your active vocabulary as you are forced to use some new words from time to time. Stick ...
Anthony Pham's user avatar
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7 votes

How to start thinking in a new language

From my experience, I suddenly found myself thinking in English (second language) when I had argued in English a lot in a company, then went out and still thinking about the matter of the argument, ...
Putnik's user avatar
  • 171
7 votes

How to use subtitles most effectvely?

This is quite difficult since preferences can't exactly be proven by research which brings up the answer: whatever works for you. Take the cielo24 article for instance. It promptly states that: If ...
Anthony Pham's user avatar
  • 5,318
7 votes

When studying German, how much time should be spent on learning grammar rules vs. vocabulary?

German vocabulary and grammar are tightly related, which makes it quite impossible to learn a basic German vocabulary without at the same time also learning and understanding the basic rules of German ...
К. Келлогг Смиф's user avatar
7 votes

What are the main benefits and drawbacks of learning vocabulary only through conversation?

In a YouTube video from September 2016, the British polyglot Olly Richards explains that he had been learning Cantonese without learning to read and write. He had been following the advice to focus on ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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7 votes
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Why can't I think of anything to say when someone asks how many languages I can speak?

Unlike subjects such as chemistry, history or linguistics, language as such does not have a specific focus or topic. You can use it to speak about anything, or at least anything that is within the ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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7 votes

What are estimates of vocabulary size for each CEFR level?

The table cited in the answer from @gavenkoa from Milton & Alexiou is a revised one from Milton & Meara 2003, but with no explanation for the revision (in the revised text). It is non-...
jeffmcneill's user avatar
7 votes

What are estimates of vocabulary size for each CEFR level?

Just so you know where my opinion is coming from, I've been designing and teaching materials design using frequency-based vocabulary since 2008 and have given Nation's and similar levels tests to ...
Dee's user avatar
  • 71
7 votes
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Learning a language, for someone who can't stand flash cards

If you are learning a language, and it is not fun, then you're doing something wrong. See what can be changed. When your brain thinks that some word is not necessary for your nearest activities, it ...
Be Brave Be Like Ukraine's user avatar
6 votes

What are the advantages of studying words by their frequency?

Interesting work Hirsh, Nation - What vocabulary size is needed to read unsimplified texts for pleasure, 1992 shown that for English knowing 2000 words (it is very popular threshold) is insufficient ...
gavenkoa's user avatar
  • 834
6 votes

What are the advantages of studying words by their frequency?

I think the biggest advantage is morale. If you for example learn all the parts of the body at an early stage, then you're forced to learn words like elbow and heel which are almost never used. This ...
Baz's user avatar
  • 367
6 votes
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How to start thinking in a new language

Start with thinking about a topic that is related to the activities you do in your target language. If you read novels or watch films, think about the plot. If you chat with people, think about what ...
michau's user avatar
  • 2,314
6 votes

How to remember words and improve my vocabulary

You say you forget after a few months. Unfortunately, there is no way around this - you have to use the language! Work hard on whatever method works for you to learn the basics and then read, watch ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
6 votes

Learning a language, for someone who can't stand flash cards

It is difficult to give specific advice without knowing what your goals are, so here are some general tips. Do extensive reading using graded readers. (See this question about Japanese graded readers....
Tsundoku's user avatar
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5 votes

How to personalize a vocabulary flashcard deck without spending too much time on it?

Most of the time of learning cards with Anki isn't in about creating new cards but about repeated cards because you forgot what the card means. Most attempts of saving time in card creation result ...
Christian's user avatar
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