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There are lots of possible methods, including the ones presented by moramodules (visit the site for more information): The Grammar-Translation Approach: This approach actually uses mainly the learner's native language rather than the target language. Grammar is of immense importance, which is seen as elaborate explanations of grammar are readily available. ...


9

This is an "unofficial" explanation based on my personal experience. What is it? Pimsleur method is an series of audio-courses that focus heavily on auditory/verbal perception, as oppose to visual one. In the beginning students are expected to know nothing about the language they decided to study. Pimsleur method recognizes that some words are more ...


9

Phonics is a method of teaching English-speaking children to read and write English by connecting the phonemes (or sounds) of the spoken language with graphemes ("letters") or letter groups in the written language. Simply put, children learn that spoken words consist of a sequence of sounds (phonemes), e.g. cat: /k/ + /æ/ + /t/; that some sounds correspond ...


9

Historically, the direct method is a language teaching method (rather than a learning method) developed by Maximilian Berlitz at the end of the 19th century. Berlitz called it the "Berlitz Method", but it is otherwise known as the direct method. The direct method was based on the belief that total immersion would speed up the language learning process. It ...


8

There are tons of advantages and disadvantages to the direct method. The direct method is put simply as a teaching method that use only the target language. This itself presents some of disadvantages, such as having the learner to not be able to connect words from their native language to the target language. Slow learners also struggle due to its rather ...


6

The 1999 article "Using Radicals in Teaching Chinese Characters to Second Language Learners" by Marcus Tuft and Kevin Chung reported on a study where students who new nothing about the Chinese writing system ("naive learners") were taught 24 Chinese characters (each composed of 2 radicals from a set of 16 radicals) under the following conditions: Radicals ...


5

The Pimsleur method is named after Paul Pimsleur, who was a professor in applied linguistics. According to Wikipedia, he identified three factors that could be measured to calculate language learning aptitude: verbal intelligence, auditory ability, and motivation. According to the website PimsleurMethod.com, the method takes advantage of the way the ...


5

There are two important things about Terry Waltz that you need to know: she teaches Chinese to native speakers of English, so not everything she says about learning Chinese automatically applies to languages closer to English (or closer the native language of pupils or students), and she uses TPRS / Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling, ...


4

Below is a relevant fragment of my Master's thesis. The focus is on written feedback, but oral feedback is mentioned, too. Based on that, I would say that giving the student a reformulated sentence is unlikely to be effective. A better strategy would be to give them cues as to what is wrong and let them do the self-repair. [The effectiveness of written ...


4

Yes. From general viewpoint, learning your L1 first and being proficient at it can help you with your L2 as you can associate L2 vocab with the L1 vocab as seen with methods like the Translation Method. This though does not apply always such as the direct method, which bans the usage of L1 while learning. You can though take some learning techniques you ...


4

Whether or not you use the student's native language when teaching a foreign language depends mainly on two factors: the "distance" between the target language (here English) and the native language, and the theory of second language acquisition you subscribe to. (In discussions about such theories, the distinction between foreign language and second ...


4

I found myself in a similar predicament early on in my language learning endeavors. Many people fall into the fallacy of "when I am watching TV or listening to it, I am only learning if I understand what they are saying." Our brains are designed to learn languages. Babies don't need flash cards. Trust that your mind is making connections and becoming more ...


4

To practice pronouncing two tones together, such as 哪里 and 那里, you could try tone pair drills. Chinese has a lot of two-character words and twenty possible combinations of tones and practicing these should help the learners to pronounce words better. The websites Hacking Chinese and Yoyo Chinese have more information on this topic.


4

How can I help other learners of Standard Chinese to get the tones right? Especially without being a native speaker myself? You can help learners of Standard Chinese (Mandarin) get the tones right by using carrier sentences (see this article for further detail). A carrier sentence is a sentence with a blank slot for the word you'd like to hear in context. ...


4

Success at all academic school subjects is highly and positively correlated. I think success in all subjects, including for example physical education, music and crafts in addition to the more academic subjects, is also correlated, but the correlation is weaker. I am not going to write a comprehensive literature review here, but the main points are, as far ...


3

I assume you already considered and used listening for the same podcast multiple times. If you can get an audio with a transcript, listening comprehension should be easier. When I was learning English listening comprehension, what helped me immensely was CNN news. They repeat same stuff almost exactly after hour, so next time around I picked a bit more. So ...


3

The Pimsleur program offers courses with more audio time and covering a larger number of languages. Pimsleur is built on a "spaced repetition" approach. Some people dislike that approach when they are asked to repeat the same few words over and over again. Which happens during the first 4-5 lessons of any language program when vocabulary is still small. ...


3

According to research that I cited in this answer, "a typical learner should meet a word about 8 to 10 times to obtain full word knowledge" (F. Rasouli and K. Jafari: "A Deeper Understanding of L2 Vocabulary Learning and Teaching: A Review Study", International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 4.1 (Jan. 2016), emphasis added). So it seems that you will ...


3

I can only say something about Chinese. According to my experience, when you are a beginner, the learning of the spoken language is quite independent of the learning of the written language. That is, one needs to spend a certain amount of time to learn the spoken language. Of course, ability to read Pinyin can help with the spoken language, as it lets you ...


3

There are several questions in one. Let me focus on plurals first. First things first: from personal experience communicating with Thai native speakers, many would skip the -s simply because of phonetic difficulty, especially in endings like -ms or -ngs. See if this is the case; maybe you needn't go any further. If the above does not work, several techniques ...


3

K. Anders Ericsson, the father of deliberate practice and expert on learning, pretty much destroys flow as a good learning method in this article. It is clear that skilled individuals can sometimes experience highly enjoyable states (‘‘flow’’ as described by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, 1990) during their performance. These states are, however, ...


3

The "sink-or-swim" method, that is, teaching entirely in the target language, only works if your students are "swimming." If they are "sinking" in the total immersion environment, they are better off with native-language explanations at key points in the lesson. Unless you know how to ensure student comprehension with total immersion, they will learn more if ...


2

Building on what lordingtar said, you could try to get them involved in whatever media consumption/ cultural activities you can find. For instance, you could invite them over to watch movies in German (I assume that's the target language). You could also bring them to fun events where you know the language will be spoken. If you have friends who speak German ...


2

Let me add a couple of thoughts. I'm posting them here, as they are too long for a comment. A good SLA study should not only provide empirical results, but also a model that explains them. The results of the study you quoted are uncontroversial, and I'm pretty sure they could be reproduced. But that doesn't solve the question of the usefulness of radicals ...


2

It would be very hard to do so unless you had very precise motors whose vibrations only go through a short distance on a soft surface. To get a "visual" why, place one of your hands on a table then with the other hand, lightly hit the table. With a good, stable table, you should feel a slight vibration. This is because of one, a table is very rigid and ...


2

The following technique can be used to teach native speakers of English or German to pronounce the unaspirated p and t at the beginning of a word or syllable. In both English and German, the unaspirated p and t after the letter 's' at the beginning of a word. For example in English, the 'p' is unaspirated in the words "spark", "spear" and "sports", and the '...


2

I'd go back to a technique we last used in grade school, "oral reading." If you can write at a B2 level, you know a lot of characters. You can probably read (silently) at this level (or higher). Start by reading aloud. Both others' writing, and what you yourself have written. That will train you to "speak" what you can write, and bring that skill closer to ...


2

I think the answer is different based on the French level of the students. If the students are beginners in French, then that means they can't read or understand much, or any, French, no matter the topic (philosophy or otherwise). This means that you simply have to teach them French from the beginning, but you can do it with a heavy/exclusive focus on ...


2

A particular accent coach that helped me to improve my English accent did the following: Established the scope of work Based on my first language, the coach already had a list of pronunciation mistakes that people of the same language background make. I was asked to read aloud a sample of text, so that the coach could make additional observations specific ...


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