11

A google search will reveal a lot of negative opinions about Anki. To summarize some of them: A very common complaint about Anki is that it assumes, and effectively requires, daily use of the software. As described in Language Hackers And “Polyglots” Are Full Of Shit: A ... severe problem is that you must use the program every day, or else your ...


10

The first principle of the Twenty rules of formulating knowledge is: Do not learn if you do not understand. The second is Learn before you memorize. If you have a leech that often means that you don't understand the word well enough. There might also be memory interference. Your card might be badly laid out. When using Anki it's useful to review leeches ...


9

There is a wealth of research supporting the effectiveness of SRS. From Want to recall 92% of everything you learn? This algorithm makes forgetting difficult: Does SRS really work? Over two dozen studies by Dr. Price Kerfoot, an Associate Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School, conclude that it does. Prof. Gabe Teninbaum, a Suffolk Law faculty ...


7

Well, SRS alone is not sufficient. It will make sure you remember what you learn. However, it will not increase your knowledge except boosting comprehension. It is very useful in practicing character recognition/writing, listening comprehension, and translation, but it does not improve fluency which you can only achieve by getting more exposure to the ...


7

A variety of spaced repetition system have been written and documented, notably on SuperMemo. For a full history, read this. This is also a fantastic resource on Spaced Repetition which explains some of its nuances. Essentially the most trusted and proven spaced repetition algorithm is SM2, developed by Wozniak, versions of which are used by Anki and Quizlet ...


6

Duolingo still retains the information about word and skill strength, even if it is not (easily) accessible to users. There are basically three ways of having spaced repetition with the current incarnation of Duolingo. I consider the first to be the most useful, the last the least. The external website duome.eu (previously duolingo.eu) shows the strength of ...


6

Gabriel Wyner's book Fluent Forever (2014) recommends using cloze deletion tests for learning grammar. Anki has a card type for cloze deletion tests (simply called "Cloze"). When creating a cloze test in Anki, first enter the complete sentence, select the part that will be invisible, and click the "Cloze" button. Most importantly, the point of using cloze ...


5

The question is still very unclear. I looks like you're asking about the value of E-Factor for initial learning. Is that what you want? Is the E-Factor mentioned at the end the same as Coef mentioned at the beginning? I don't know why you're surprised by the initial factor of 5. In the SM-2 algorithm we have I(1)=1 and I(2)=6, which corresponds to the E-...


5

Ask yourself: does this part help me recognize the word, or help me use the word? If the part helps you to recognize the word, like the definition, the pronunciation, the synonyms, then they are fixed. Regardless to how you use it, they are fixed. Therefore you can use these data premade for these parts to help you quickly generate a deck. If the part ...


5

Original paper of Pimsleur, Paul (1967) "A Memory Schedule" tells about geometrical progression and 5x multiplier for repetition algorithm. It is a naive suggestion and the main reason to go with geometrical progression is to overcome increased number of repetition. With geometrical progression you'll have fixed number of repetition on a long run, while ...


5

Sometimes, SRS really does just feel like a chore. I'm definitely not sufficiently consistent with my reviews. However, specifically with Japanese, I have discovered some other ways to improve my vocabulary and kanji reading skills. Note that these items are all items I do now and continue to find useful. I use Anki, typically, but sometimes making ...


5

Fun is very subjective, so I am not sure if my approach will work for you. However, what helped me was: writing a blog; participation in online discussions; doing research or studying something (formal education and self-learning); reading; watching films. Of course, all of these should be done in your target language. All of these activities greatly ...


4

Another variety in the same line as the other answers ("fun is important") is reading novels or novellas, or short stories in the target language. Clearly this presupposes a somewhat advanced level of knowledge. I did and do the following when learning: get a novel, maybe one that is popular in the country where the target language is spoken, and first read ...


4

As Olga pointed out, it all depends on what you experience as "fun". One way of expanding your vocabulary is extensive reading, which is also known as reading for pleasure. This requires texts where you understand roughly 95% of the words, you so can infer the meanings of the other words from the context. This way, you can expand your vocabulary just by ...


4

Keep in mind that reading and listening are, generally speaking, passive learning activities. And while passive learning is better than nothing, Active approaches (speaking, writing in the case of language learning) are much more effective for ANY type of learning, including language learning. That said, I think that ReadLang is a good partial solution for ...


4

You start with a false premise. An SRS like Anki does remove words. It removes words when they are too hard to learn by marking them as leeches. The default condition for a leech is answering a card wrong at eight separate days. The basic premise is that the amount of time spent on a card that gets correctly answered is tiny. Let's take an example. I'm a ...


4

Most of the time of learning cards with Anki isn't in about creating new cards but about repeated cards because you forgot what the card means. Most attempts of saving time in card creation result in wasting time repeating cards because you didn't learn before memorize or because the card quality isn't optimal.


4

Which of the three options you choose will depend on your learning goals: If your goal (or one of your goals) is to be able to reproduce grammar rules, learn grammatical terms, etc. (as may be the case if you study linguistics at university!), then putting rules, etc. on flashcards makes sense. Whether this will improve your grammatical accuracy while using ...


4

You could put questions about grammar on the front and the answer on the back. See for example studystack.com: What tense is "has/have written"? Present perfect What is the difference between "I" and "me"? "I" for subject;"me" for object How do you know whether to use "who" or "whom"? Use "who" when you would use "he"; use "whom"when you ...


4

Studies have shown that sleep after learning improves recall; see for example Sleep after learning aids memory recall by Steffen Gais et al (2006). Other studies have shown that things you learn 30 minutes before going to bed are memorised better than things you learn 2 hours before going to bed. (While it makes sense to use Ankidroid before going to bed ...


3

According to research that I cited in this answer, "a typical learner should meet a word about 8 to 10 times to obtain full word knowledge" (F. Rasouli and K. Jafari: "A Deeper Understanding of L2 Vocabulary Learning and Teaching: A Review Study", International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 4.1 (Jan. 2016), emphasis added). So it seems that you will ...


3

When using a Leitner system, you need to make some choices: The first choice is to decide how many new cards to learn per day. It could be 10, it could be 40. It depends on how much time you have, since the reviews will eventually start to add up. The second choice is to decide the time period for each box. If you are using three boxes, then Box 1 would be ...


3

You might like to have a look at this article on Quizlet and it's algorithm(s), and both the Anki manual and the Wikipedia article on Anki to learn about the algorithms that are used in it. You will see from the Anki manual and the Wikipedia article that the Anki algorithm derives from the algorithm originally introduced for SuperMemo, although the two now ...


2

Your question can't be answered directly. I've read some scientific articles about efficiency of learning. I've always looked for experimental results. Most common experiments are performed on remembering flash-cards. How can you compare number of flash-card recalled after 1 week with recalling of facts from listening an audio book? In that way you are ...


2

The criticism about the learning philosophy has already been covered here; I'd like to add some things about the UI I've encountered. Some of the points refer to advanced issues that only affect users who use HTML/CSS/Javascript extensively. I've written this post because the UI has already been mentioned, but there is something more to say about it. There ...


2

Jeffrey Karpicke, Althea Bauernschmidt - Spaced Retrieval. Absolute Spacing Enhances Learning Regardless of Relative Spacing, 2011 shows that retrieval pattern (traditionally expanding and equal/contracting) has no influence on resulted score. With equal number of repetition the longer total period of practice - the better result of retention in long term ...


2

Every space repetition learner should read: Effective learning: Twenty rules of formulating knowledge on the SuperMemo site. Very relevant topic: 2. Learn before you memorize Nobody says that you should learn words in SRS. Usually you learn them outside of SRS (from textbook, dictionary, Wikipedia). Of course inside SRS you memorize them and it is a purpose ...


2

The wired's portrait of SuperMemo creator Piotr Wozniak states that there had been experimental software before SuperMemo, which apparently never got out of the labs: The best time to study something is at the moment you are about to forget it. And yet — as Neisser might have predicted — that insight was useless in the real world. Determining the ...


2

Forvo.com actually does allow you to submit word requests. If a word is not found, for example, kakistocratie, you get a response that looks as follows: For readability, here is what this message says: "Wow, you actually found a word not on Forvo!" Below that is a blue button with the words, "Add kakistocratie to know its pronunciation". If you click that ...


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