There is a Wikipedia page about Sleep-learning (hypnopædia, or hypnopedia) referring to two studies indicating no significant learning effects during sleeping:
Since the electroencephalography studies by Charles W. Simon and William H. Emmons in 1956, learning by sleep has not been taken seriously. The researchers concluded that learning during sleep was &...
Below are a few websites where you should be able to learn European Spanish:
Learn Spanish: Basic Spanish for English Speakers: a 16-week course on edX (a MOOC platform) that requires four hours of study per week. The content was developed by the Universitat Politècnica de Valencia.
Spanish for Beginners: a program of six four-week courses developed by the ...
Omniglot.com is a good resource to look at for writing systems and for getting general information about various languages. They have an Index of languages by writing system.
There's also the Wikipedia page List of languages by writing system, as pointed out by user3169.
That said, if you're just looking for which languages share a particular writing ...
Finding such a dictionary in open-source format is unlikely, due to the labor-intensive nature of composing dictionaries.
Your two best bets are probably:
Wiktionary. You can download the entire Wiktionary. Depending on your precise needs, and scripting skills, you may be able to coerce it into a usable format for your needs.
Any sufficiently old ...
You can try Linguee.
And this is a dictionary first, but it also provides some real-world-examples:
You can also try this: http://corp.hum.sdu.dk/
They all cover only a selection of languages each, though.
The type of resource you need appears to be a text corpus. Some corpora are freely available (they can be searched through a web interface or downloaded). Below are a few examples:
British National Corpus (BNC) (downloadable);
The Collins Corpus: used for the Collins COBUILD dictionaries; not open;
American National Corpus (ANC);
Corpus of Contemporary ...
LoyalBooks also has four Esperanto audiobooks: Dr. Esperanto's International Language, Introduction and Complete Grammar (original book that introduced Esperanto), Esperanto Self-Taught with Phonetic Pronunciation (Esperanto grammar book), La Aventuroj de Alicio en Mirlando (Alice in Wonderland translated into Esperanto), and Fabeloj (short stories ...
The audio from the two resources you mentioned (bolor-toli.com and studymongolian.net) can be downloaded, using these two bookmarklets:
For better results than using Google directly, try a "corpus search". Ask Google for "name of language + corpus" and you will find what you need.
For example "Esperanto corpus" gives you these:
To be entirely honest, I didn't think I could find this one..but I did (I hope so!)
On this French eBay page, the vendor is selling a copy of Longman's Indian Readers Primer. II 1948.
As you can see above, the book does seem to match of all of your criteria:
it is indeed small and thin
it is in fact printed by Longman
the art style in the book seems to ...
I've used Memrise for years to help me build up my vocabulary for various languages. It's great in that any language can have a Memrise course built for it, so it works well for less popular ones such as Tamazight. Here is a Memrise course for learning Tamazight. I find that getting comfortable with some basic vocab and hearing the sounds of the language are ...
A quick search reveals that there are several online Greek learning courses.
Rosetta Stone has a Greek course that you can purchase for $189 USD in CD-ROM format, online, or as a desktop download.
If you'd prefer more personal lessons, you can take Skype lessons with a Greek tutor. Eleni Pateraki, according to over 450 reviews, has an average rating of ...
I don't know if this is enough for you, but Librivox has a few recording in Esperanto that are public domain. The Esperanto transcript can be found under "Links" in the sidebar by clicking on "Online text" or clicking "Etext" under the "Source" header. Most of the non-language learning recordings are books or documents that have English counterparts freely ...
Learn Slovenian Online seems to be a full-fledged online paid language learning resource. The entire course costs €29.95 and is valid for a lifetime membership. It leads you through the most basic verbs and nouns to reach the fluency of nearly a native speaker. There's also an app for the course, so you can download and listen to audio files of words being ...
This kind of information is more likely to appear in an online dictionary than in a printed one because of the space constraints of a printed dictionary. Wiktionaries (and many online versions of monolingual dictionaries) have the "related terms" section (called "Wortbildungen" in the German Wiktionary) which should give the kind of information you are ...
Getting Anki to work with minimal pairs is tricky but possible. I will present
a card template with only one card that will choose a random word from
the minimum pair on each appearance of the card.
Since this is only one card, therefore there are no scheduling issues. I use it
for my own minimal pair training. The method works with the desktop client and
After several hours of searching for a website for minimal pairs, I have become convinced that this does not exist yet, or at least not in a language that I can read fluently. The list of minimal pair resources I have collected so far is now available on my website.
A site for minimal pairs with the scope of Forvo.com or RhinoSpike would be useful, but is ...
italki is a resource that lists a few people who are in fluent in Scottish Gaelic. MyLanguageExchange is another online tool to help you connect with other Gaelic learners, and I found more than 20 users on that website learning Gaelic as well. You can also trying using this tool, Conversation Exchange, to find learners.
I would bite the bullet and get a Russian keyboard. In the long run it is better to use the native character keyboard. You have to learn it, but doing so eliminates one step (realizing and entering the roman equivalents) in the process, and keeps your mind focused on the target language.
This also reduces the number of key presses in many cases.
But since ...
The reason why there exist complex programs for typing CJK symbols is the fact that there are simply too many symbols to fit into any keyboard.
Cyrillic letters pretty much fit the standard keyboard (with some stretches, e.g. there remains few available keys for typographic symbols that leads to comma and dot sit on the same key which I hate the most).
Quizlet seems to be a good choice. By searching up "minimal pairs linguistics", you get a ton of flashcard decks to use here.
In Quizlet, the cards are always randomized and there are many options to change the way the flashcards are to suit your learning style. For example, there are two different views, audio, a button used to shuffle, and a ...
Amara has more than 300 videos in English with transcript in Esperanto.
Here is the direct link:
Amara On Demand.
As Chad Walstrom said, I recommend to look for the videos of Evildea, since they cover everyday use of Esperanto, and a huge lot has transcripts.
Here is a link to the Tatoeba Project that will show you community-contributed Esperanto sentences with audio and English translations:
You don't need to do a degree in English Literature if you just want to learn Old English or confirm your skills. However, I still think that individual university courses is the closest thing you can get if you want a formal exam. At some universities you may sign up for individual courses, and attending the course may not be required to sit the exam (given ...
The website Easy Croatian has 90 lessons (plus appendices) available for free (and for download) and seems very comprehensive - extensive & detailed lessons, and well-organized. However, it's not interactive like Duolingo is - easy-croatian.com is essentially a book.
Pimsleur also offers an audio course for Croatian, however, Pimsleur's method may not ...
My approach would be to utilise the two main forms of media available in most languages - TV / Movies and radio.
TV / Movies
Georgian TV live
Georgian to English movie subtitle quiz
My go to stop for language resources is the reddit /r/languagelearning wiki. They have a Georgian resource section here
Take a look at this site: Tatoeba. It's a collection of phrase translations between multiple languages. You can search for phrases:
in a particular language
containing a particular word
translated between selected languages.
You will have to assess the quality of suggested translations yourself, as translations are suggested by community volunteers.
One of the classic grammars for learners of French is Nouvelle grammaire française by André Goosse and Maurice Grevisse (De Boeck, 1995, 396 pages). Size is 23.5 by 15.7 cm, so not "pocket size".
Bescherelle La grammaire pour tous (Hatier, 2012; 320 pages; 19.6 by 13.9 cm) is a bit more compact. It contains clear explanations and many commented examples. The ...