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43

Speak to yourself! Narrate yourself as you do housework, as you drive, etc. Speak your thoughts out loud. When I'm alone, I'll converse with myself in Spanish. Depending on how good your imagination is (mine's not too shabby :P), things can get pretty exciting! Imagine a whole scenario, and explain it as if you were part of an audio drama. The more ...


37

Yes, there have been studies showing some disadvantages. Bialystok (2008) notes that It is now well documented that bilinguals generally control a smaller vocabulary in each language than monolinguals (Oller and Eilers, 2002; Perani et al., 2003; Portocarrero, Burright and Donovick, 2007). This has been found to be true in children, adolescents, and ...


27

According to this paper, in general, bilinguals have smaller vocabularies for each language. They also match pictures to words and list common words at a slower pace. Most of the disadvantages fall under the category of lexical access. In my own experience, I started taking a while to recall some advanced English words around the time I started learning ...


18

According to The Polyglot Dream, Choose two languages that are distinct from each other. Languages that are similar can overlap by way of words, grammar, emotions, memories, and other factors, thereby causing confusion. Therefore, learning Spanish AND Italian, Dutch AND German, or Portuguese AND Romanian at the same time is not a good idea. The ...


13

Well, there is an entire study on this! Salaberry concluded that the participants with advanced knowledge of their L2 outperformed the participants with low L2 proficiency in the acquisition of past tense aspectual markers in the L3. So, keeping your L2 can help with your verbs in the L3. The more of the L2 you know the better. She also noted that the ...


13

Sometimes an image speaks to people. Maybe try something like this.


12

For young children learning similar languages simultaneously usually is not a problem, however for adults this could be a challenging. This mainly depends on the methodology being used, certain aspects of the languages (fundamental differences, grammar, conjugations, and sentence structure) and your own unique learning abilities. It's much more efficient if ...


12

Having studied several languages including some Esperanto myself: The most obvious factor is if two languages are similar, either in vocabulary or grammar, already knowing one will make the other easier. Beyond this, when learning a second language, one can familiarize themselves with which techniques work and don't work, and thus waste less time. In ...


11

Literature on that matter is plentiful. Before you browse randomly on the Internet I would suggest you start by having a look at the references on the website of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages that will give academic references under the following headings: Language learning correlates with higher academic achievement on ...


11

I found some interesting articles instead of the studies, but they should suffice. The first article by FluentU lists five major advantages in learning multiple languages at the same time: good for your brain, saves time, similarities and differences between languages are clearer, saves you from being bored, and opens tons of opportunities. Clearly, ...


11

Here are a few tips that should help avoiding mixing up languages: At the start of a learning session for a specific, listen to some audio in that language. This exposes you to that language's pronunciation, intonation, vocabulary and grammar. The goal is to prime your brain for the rest of the study session. If you use flashcards to study vocabulary (or ...


11

Barely Language learning has many benefits but I could find a few: Anxiety is the biggest one I found. Language learning can be a difficult process and it doesn't come as easily to some people. When students are having trouble learning a new language, getting more lost in a language can cause a great deal of anxiety for students. [source] Wikipedia has ...


11

Omniglot.com is a good resource to look at for writing systems and for getting general information about various languages. They have an Index of languages by writing system. There's also the Wikipedia page List of languages by writing system, as pointed out by user3169. That said, if you're just looking for which languages share a particular writing ...


11

Yes, there are studies, and yes, already knowing at least two languages does make it easier to learn another. According to a study from the University of Haifa, being bilingual does make it easier to pick up yet another language: "Gaining command of a number of languages improves proficiency in native languages," Prof. Abu-Rabia explained. "This is ...


10

Even if you don't have the time to actively study a language, a little upkeep can go a long way. It can be beneficial to recognize you're not studying actively for now, and decide not to study grammar, vocabulary or textbooks for a while. Instead, try to just use the language - just a little, but regularly. By recognizing that you're on a "break" from ...


10

Generally it's easier to learn new languages from your native language, whether you're learning L2, L3, L4, etc. Learning L3 using L1 You will understand things better when they are explained to you. If you try to learn tricky grammar rules and the definitions of obscure vocabulary you will likely not understand the explanations as well in L2. Your ...


10

Yes, it is possible to understand a language without speaking it. This often happens in when children are brought up bilingually. If children are exposed to two languages, but one is dominant - that is, they hear it a lot more than the other(s), they will tend to use this language. If everyone can understand them when they use the dominant language, they ...


10

If you are interested in languages that you can practise in more than one country, then simply looking at the number of speakers is not sufficient; you also need to look at where the language is spoken. For example, Standard Chinese has the highest number of native speakers, but outside China and Taiwan, speakers of Chinese live rather thinly spread out over ...


9

To prevent yourself forgetting the language, you should basically use it on daily basis. Here are few ideas how to do it: use flash cards and keep them visible around your work place, use some mnemonic techniques to repeat most troubled words, print some language cheatsheet and place it where you can see it, use some daily newsletters to read them on your ...


9

Romance languages' vocabulary is already similar to Latin, since they all evolved from Vulgar Latin, but Latin's grammar is quite different and more complex with all of its cases and conjugations. Therefore, the main thing you need to do is learn Latin grammar. The Dowling Method is a famous way to do this. If you already fluently speak/read so many Romance ...


8

Yes, it is possible, at least partially. This is called Mutual intelligibility. You can find a list of mutually intelligible languages. As for the only known example to me, Spanish - Italian, it's also a question of the used vocabulary in order to maximize the similarities. The usual term of one language can be the unusual/formal version in the other.


8

Translanguaging is defined as: “the ability of multilingual speakers to shuttle between languages, treating the diverse languages that form their repertoire as an integrated system” from here In a sense, it's a system that leans towards treating your language abilities as not extensions of your L1, but as an integrated system that all works ...


8

Apparently, this question comes up often on YouTube channels maintained by polyglots. For example, in the six-minute video Maintaining multiple languages Vladimir Skultety explained how he maintained the languages that were important to him at that time (Chinese, Italian, Russian and German; the video dates from November 2016): Try to do things that don't ...


7

I can sympathize with you; that wonderful frustrated feeling... no thank you! Scientific community's thoughts With regards to language-mixing in children simultaneously learning two languages: "Language mixing refers to the young child's mixing of both languages within the same utterance before the child is really aware of having two languages in its ...


7

There has been quite some research into the influence of a second language on a speaker's first language. A collection of papers on these topics has been edited by Cook (Effects of the Second Language on the First; 2003). Research suggests that even speakers who remain in their L1 community but acquire advanced skills in an L2 are influenced in their ...


7

Unlike subjects such as chemistry, history or linguistics, language as such does not have a specific focus or topic. You can use it to speak about anything, or at least anything that is within the limits of your language skills. So when you are confronted with the question, "Say something in X", you need to pick something from a vast range of choices that ...


7

In some countries, this is how many people learn foreign languages at school. This was the case when I was attending school in Belgium in the 1980s and early 1990s: we started with French in the fifth year of primary school, I added Latin in secondary school, English in the third year of secondary school, and German one year later. There are other countries ...


7

Evgenia Kashaeva claims she reached the following level after her one-year program: German: B2 Spanish: A1 French: A2 Chinese: B2 Czech: A2 Czech was the only new language; she had been learning German and Chinese for an unspecified length of time (presumably at least a few years) and had learnt some Spanish and French and then neglected it. It is not ...


6

This is a problem I've had myself and still occasionally have trouble with. The best suggestion I have is to practice the L2 symbol names on a regular basis outside of just reading. For example, when counting something in daily life you could make an effort to count in your L2 rather than your L1. This will make the L2 numbers more familiar to you over ...


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