After several hours of searching for a website for minimal pairs, I have become convinced that this does not exist yet, or at least not in a language that I can read fluently. The list of minimal pair resources I have collected so far is now available on my website.
A site for minimal pairs with the scope of Forvo.com or RhinoSpike would be useful, but is ...
Getting Anki to work with minimal pairs is tricky but possible. I will present
a card template with only one card that will choose a random word from
the minimum pair on each appearance of the card.
Since this is only one card, therefore there are no scheduling issues. I use it
for my own minimal pair training. The method works with the desktop client and
Quizlet seems to be a good choice. By searching up "minimal pairs linguistics", you get a ton of flashcard decks to use here.
In Quizlet, the cards are always randomized and there are many options to change the way the flashcards are to suit your learning style. For example, there are two different views, audio, a button used to shuffle, and a ...
Words that differ by only one sound, e.g. 'd' or 't' ("had" versus "hat"), are known as minimal pairs. So what you need is training on minimal pairs.
The English Club website has a list of minimal pairs for 'd' and 't' at the end of words: Minimal Pairs final /t/ and /d/.
John Higgins created a website with lots of minimal pairs: Minimal pairs for ...
Minimal pair is a language-internal concept; it is not directly related to language learning or to existence of other languages. As Wikipedia says:
In phonology, minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular language that differ in only one phonological element, such as a phoneme, toneme or chroneme, and have distinct meanings. They are used ...
As I found no such web site, I have created one, MinimalPairs.net. At present, it only has minimal pairs for French, Dutch, American English, and Spanish, but as time permits, I intend to expand this list (volunteers welcome--submit feedback on the page to help).
The book "Colloquial Mongolian" has a short list of minimal pairs for vowels on page 13. The pronunciation for them is available at approximately 12:30 on track one of their free audio download.
It gives the following pairs as examples, though not necessarily in this order:
First, exposure is important. You need to be exposed to the sounds and listen to them in natural contexts, over a period of time. Some people will pick up the sounds quicker than others, but you should expect it to take some time. But with continued exposure, you'll notice the differences.
Second, become familiar with articulatory phonetics and read ...
The fix is studying the IPA chart in depth. Once you do it, you'll be able to differentiate the sounds without doubts. "A practical introduction to phonetics" by John C. Catford is a very short and simple book that should give you the training you require.
One way is to get a well educated native speaker to pronounce, and contrast similar sounds.
You want, not just a native speaker, but a well educated one. "Average Joes" sometimes confuse such sounds in their own native language. And in any event, they won't be able to explain the subtleties to you.
I found that pronouncing them myself was a good way to learn the difference.
When I had difficulty understanding the auditory difference between two sounds, I practiced saying them out loud until I could understand the physical difference between saying them.
If you can produce sounds that are different, then you should be able to understand them.