I agree that the "NOT" questions are not appropriate for listening tests.
You can reference popular English tests such as the IELTS test. In their listening tests, from my experience, there're very few (if not zero) such question.
According to the Reading Rockets website, “comprehension is the understanding and interpretation of what is read”. It combines thinking and reasoning with reading.
Also, according to the university of Kansas, “comprehension is affected by the reader's knowledge of the topic, knowledge of language structures, knowledge of text structures and genres, knowledge ...
Below are some tips for you:
Try to listen to audiobooks and watch some Ted Talks (they usually provide you with the option to turn on subtitles and they deal with hundreds of topics). This way you can spend your time while listening to/watching something that you may find interesting while you can practice your English listening skills at the same time.