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18 votes
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Does writing out by hand generally strengthen retention better than computerized memorization methods?

Yes. As seen in this article (though not primarily about linguistics), it promptly states: Some neuroscientists are not so sure. They think that giving up handwriting will affect how future ...
Anthony Pham's user avatar
  • 5,318
12 votes
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What is the impact of studying a third language in a second language?

Generally it's easier to learn new languages from your native language, whether you're learning L2, L3, L4, etc. Learning L3 using L1 You will understand things better when they are explained to you. ...
intcreator's user avatar
  • 1,701
9 votes

Does writing out by hand generally strengthen retention better than computerized memorization methods?

The Goldlist method is based on this assumption. I haven't found any peer reviewed articles on it, though. This article (citing research by Mueller and Oppenheimer) suggests that we do learn better by ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
8 votes

Which of these is more effective: having a silent period, or speaking from day one?

The Canadian linguist Patsy Lightbown published several articles about the following type of experiment: One group of English language learners in the French-speaking part of Canada started learning ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.8k
8 votes

Can listening to music (lyrics) help increase listening skill?

There are some classes of languages where listening to music (and musical ability) holds a distinct advantage in learning that language. Those languages are called TONAL languages, where differing ...
callyalater's user avatar
  • 1,881
8 votes

Should I start learning another language even if I haven't mastered the last one?

In some countries, this is how many people learn foreign languages at school. This was the case when I was attending school in Belgium in the 1980s and early 1990s: we started with French in the fifth ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.8k
6 votes

How do cloze flashcards compare to translation flashcards?

After doing some research, I haven't found any scientific literature regarding the retention rate or effectiveness of cloze flashcards. However, there is some past research regarding what each type of ...
fi12's user avatar
  • 9,147
5 votes
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Why are flash cards effective in learning a language?

There are multiple ways they help as seen in this site: Engages Active Recall - As people practice with flashcards, the brain is forced to recall the back of the card correctly and quickly. This ...
Anthony Pham's user avatar
  • 5,318
5 votes

Should I start learning another language even if I haven't mastered the last one?

Some polyglots actually advocate that learning multiple new languages in parallel is better than learning one. Valery Kurinskiy (the link is in Russian) was one of them. Valery was hyperpolyglot, he ...
Vitaly's user avatar
  • 1,008
4 votes

Are there differences in effect of advanced language classes for native speakers vs second language learners?

In my experience, I've found that while most of the content taught in both types of classes are very similar, the teaching styles themselves can be quite different. Classes for second language ...
fi12's user avatar
  • 9,147
4 votes

According to research, how effective is Memrise for learning vocabulary?

The Memrise scheduling algorithm is proprietary. It is unlikely that we have independent and trusted research ))). I stick to Anki because it is a vendor-independent solution (for example, the ...
gavenkoa's user avatar
  • 834
4 votes

Momentum and hours per week

I am convinced that this is true, but I don't know why. Why? I would say memory is a very important factor here. People may have better or worse memory, but in general it's very easy to forget what ...
michau's user avatar
  • 2,314
4 votes

What are some strategies for effectively studying two unrelated languages simultaneously?

For people who want to learn more than one foreign language at a time, choosing two unrelated languages, such as Japanese and Spanish, is a good idea because it reduces the confusion factor. However, ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.8k
4 votes

What are some strategies for effectively studying two unrelated languages simultaneously?

When I was studying two languages at the same time, I always tried to be at least a little proficient in one before adding another. That way, I could use them together to study, and train myself out ...
DonaTona's user avatar
4 votes

Studies on average time by full immersion in 2nd+ language to become conversant?

I'm not sure such studies exist. There are probably only examples, and there is only one good example that I know of: Daniel Everett is a famous monolingual fieldworker of the type you're asking ...
AML's user avatar
  • 5,095
4 votes

What are the benefits of intensive reading?

My personal experience is that reading in general (intensive, extensive or whatnot) improves your reading skills drastically, increases your vocabulary noticeably but per se won't help to to write and ...
shabunc's user avatar
  • 239
3 votes
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What are the benefits of extensive reading?

Based on these references (1, 2, 3), there are several benefits of extensive reading: Once you reach a certain level, it is thought that most of your vocabulary acquisition comes from reading. The ...
AML's user avatar
  • 5,095
3 votes

How does the vocabulary learned through immersion compare to vocabulary learned via study?

Like you said, the context can help you to learn a new word. That same context, in my opinion, is better than a flashcard or a vocab list. Words are better learned when in context, so learning phrases ...
Alaric polyglot's user avatar
3 votes

Does the quality of audio recordings affect their effectiveness in exemplifying pronunciation?

When an audio recording has lower quality, it means two things: some information is lost, and some noise is added. Obviously if enough information is lost, there won't be enough left to represent the ...
gaeguri's user avatar
  • 1,827
3 votes

When using flashcards, should the word or the definition be hidden?

One way to look at things is the "definition" versus the "word." Another way to look at them is the "native language" (definition) versus the "foreign" word. Which one to emphasize depends on your ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 1,869
3 votes
Accepted

Learning schedule with multiple languages

I personally found it more practical to spend a week on each language: it takes some time to start "thinking a language" it gives time to cover whole concepts/grammatical phenomena, or make ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 446
2 votes

How can I prevent myself from forgetting a language?

A lot of apps, tools and practice methods fall short because the onus is always on you to open the app/textbook/flashcards and practice, every single day. Learning a language takes months, but ...
Pomme_de_Gavin's user avatar
2 votes

How can I prevent myself from forgetting a language?

Try tuning in to a local radio station of the region whose language you have learned. You can also search out YouTube videos which present using the language. Make sure to continue studying for at ...
Mia Williams's user avatar
2 votes

How can I prevent myself from forgetting a language?

I know, without regular usage/speaking you can not remember the words and recall them. The best ways to be fluent in any language speakinig are: Find the partner to speak daily. Read more news, ...
David Mike's user avatar
2 votes

How can I prevent myself from forgetting a language?

Listen Music Radio Soundcloud talks Watch Movies TV series News Read Books of your interest Subtitles Newspapers Magazines Blogs Speak Practice with a friend who speaks the language or is ...
Hitesh Sahu's user avatar
2 votes

What is the impact of studying a third language in a second language?

English is my L2. My L1 is one of the smaller Slavic languages. After many years of using English as L2 daily in work, when considering next language (L3: to make it more interesting, let it be from ...
Peter M. - stands for Monica's user avatar
2 votes

Is there any research on the effectiveness of learning verb tables?

There is some research on verb morphology, like Gor & Chernigovskaya (2004), which might be something useful to you. Other than that, I can recommend that you have a quick Google Scholar search ...
kGdmioT's user avatar
  • 193
2 votes
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Can a language be improved without further exposure to it by just writing and speaking in that language to others with similar skills?

It depends on your definition of improved. Writing and reading skills can almost certainly be improved without any further exposure in your L2. Although it might be helpful, it's not necessary to ...
fi12's user avatar
  • 9,147
2 votes

What's the most effective way to learn to quickly read Chinese?

Perhaps the problem may lie in the fact that you are still unsure, or at least, quick enough in your identification of the Chinese characters. If that's the case, there are plenty of vocabulary ...
user3492802's user avatar

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