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11
votes
2answers
86 views

Learn to read and write for a multilingual pre-school child

My child is 4 year old and is reasonably fluent in 3 languages (based on the same alphabet). He is now interested to learn to read and write. The problem being that alphabet, and reading approaches ...
11
votes
2answers
91 views

When to start encouraging my bilingual child not to mix languages?

I am a native English speaker and my wife is a native Spanish speaker and we both speak the others' language fluently. We live in a predominently English-speaking country. We have been raising our two-...
11
votes
3answers
98 views

Improving my English Skills (CAE) without a language trip

I'm learning English in my 8th year now and want to take the CAE exam (Cambridge, level C1) in one year. I am already taking an extra course at school; in normal lessons we are between level B1 and B2....
11
votes
1answer
60 views

Can learning a new language help with speech impairment?

I'm not a linguist, but I can see a connection between speech impairment and language learning. I'm asking because I have a slight speech impairment myself (unable to pronounce guttural sounds like ...
11
votes
2answers
90 views

Making the Most of College Foreign Language Courses (Meta Learning?)

I am required to take two semesters of a foreign language for my degree. I do not know if I will make much use of the language I choose or continue study after the two semesters are done. I may not ...
11
votes
0answers
214 views

Learning L3 through L1, L2 or L1+L2? [closed]

I can study L3 with L1 or L2 material/textbooks/dictionaries, or combination of L1 and L2 materials (switching daily for instance). Which will be most beneficial? My main concern is retention of new ...
11
votes
0answers
69 views

Do any studies show what the effect is of skipping daily language practice for one day? [closed]

Most language teachers that you talk to strongly recommend daily practice. Some applications, like Duolingo, add incentives to encourage users to practice every day. Is there actually evidence that ...
10
votes
3answers
142 views

Phonetic typing for any language

I have studied a few languages not using the Latin alphabet, namely Japanese, Chinese, and most recently Russian. If you are familiar with Japanese/Chinese, you know that typing on a computer works ...
10
votes
3answers
116 views

Speaking in English in class

Educational institution compels the non-native students to speak only in English inside the classroom. While this might help a few smart students, I found many students are anxious about attending the ...
10
votes
2answers
135 views

Is there an online resource that show which languages share the same alphabets?

Recently I've been to Russia and therefore decided to learn how to read the Cyrillic alphabet. After that I discovered that the Cyrillic alphabet is also used in other languages, like Belorussian or ...
10
votes
4answers
118 views

When is Google Translate good for in the learning process?

Google Translate is a fairly well-known online translation service that is fairly notorious for giving out-of-context or just incorrect translations for phrases or sentences. Google Translate does ...
10
votes
2answers
259 views

According to scientific evidence, how many languages can the average human retain in their mind and still communicate fluently in?

Note: I'm not asking about how many languages the average human knows. Rather, I'm asking how many languages the average human brain can hold, and still allow the person to speak all of them fluently. ...
10
votes
4answers
139 views

What are the implications of reading texts beyond my level?

Most texts, articles, books, novels, etc. that interest me in L2 are well above my level, requiring an intimate relationship with a dictionary in order to read. I can painstakingly plod through, but I ...
10
votes
3answers
82 views

Is it more effective to review existing knowledge every day or occasionally?

When using Duolingo to learn German, I'm often torn between the choice of reviewing existing language skills that I've already learned and continuing on to new skills. Is it more effective to review ...
10
votes
2answers
183 views

What differences are there in the difficulty of learning Ukrainian and Russian to a very basic level?

I'm considering learning either Russian or Ukrainian to a very basic level. Basically, to be able to read out loud written text (at least that written in print), and learn a few phrases. I've already ...
10
votes
2answers
157 views

Is there a web site for minimal pairs in arbitrary languages?

Gabriel Wyner puts a strong emphasis on studying minimal pairs to improve pronunciation. But I have yet to find a good resource for actually finding minimal pair lists. It seems I'm not alone. When ...
10
votes
3answers
123 views

Online resource to study Russian language vocabulary

I'm looking for a website to study new Russian vocabulary. Not any site teaches the right vocabulary for russian language. I speak Russian a little bit and a lot of sites tend to translate wrong. ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How did Cardinal Mezzofanti learn foreign languages?

Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti (1774-1849) was an Italian cardinal who also became famous for his language skills. According to his biographer Charles William Russell, he spoke at least 30 languages very ...
10
votes
3answers
361 views

What advantages do standard dictionaries have over learners' dictionaries in defining a word?

There are two main kinds of dictionary: standard and learner's. The standard dictionary is made mainly for native speakers, where readers are expected to be fluent in the language. The learner's, as ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Anything similar to Duolingo for learning Tagalog?

I think the way Duolingo executes language learning is great. It's a really fun way to understand the basics/vocabulary and the gamification keeps you interested. Unfortunately, as most users have ...
10
votes
3answers
385 views

How to maintain three foreign languages (polyglot)?

For the sake of this question, assume that you have reached CEFR level B2 (basic fluency) or higher in four languages (one of which is your L1). What sort of daily/weekly techniques and time ...
10
votes
2answers
161 views

Are there any free online resources for learning Tamazight?

I'd like to learn Tamazight or any related Berber language by self-learning, in a first step. As far as I know they are similar to some extent therefore I'm not excluding the possibility to use ...
10
votes
1answer
132 views

Are there studies on the effectiveness of Rosetta Stone as a language learning tool?

Rosetta Stone gets a lot of publicity, perhaps because of its large marketing budget. And finding individual reviews is easy--some people love it, some hate it, some have mixed feelings. But has any ...
10
votes
2answers
190 views

How to teach someone to correctly pronounce tones in tonal languages such as Standard Chinese?

I regularly meet with a small group of other learners of Standard Chinese. They have been learning Chinese for several years, though not as long as me. One of their problems is pronunciation, ...
10
votes
1answer
143 views

Does ethnic background affect the speed of foreign language acquisition?

Are there any studies proving that language learners of a certain ethnic background have an advantage in learning languages over people of other ethnicities?
10
votes
2answers
435 views

Good resources for learning Croatian?

I've been looking for years for a good, comprehensive guide to learning Croatian that can take me through all the basic steps and get me started in speaking with my mother in her native tongue. Does ...
10
votes
3answers
199 views

Is it necessary to learn the characters of a language that uses logograms [Japanese]?

I want to learn Japanese and most books or guides begin with how to draw an logogram and to repeat the process of "writing" and single character dozens of times. And learning hundreds of those signs ...
10
votes
3answers
152 views

How to avoid an English accent in Hebrew

I speak fairly fluent Hebrew as a second language, and I have a UK English accent. I want to know what pronunciation issues generally would be an issue for English speakers and would sound strange/be ...
10
votes
2answers
94 views

Is there a term for the prestige language that's learned more-or-less natively?

I've seen here a lot of use of L1 and L2 to distinguish between the mother tongue, and the language learned later in life. This makes me wonder if there is any good terminology to refer to the ...
10
votes
1answer
67 views

Resources for Advanced Vedic Sanskrit

I have learnt Sanskrit in school from class 5th to class 10th. Now I am in my second year of college and I want to learn Vedic Sanskrit to study some Hindu texts and not their translated version. Can ...
10
votes
3answers
129 views

How important are tones in tonal languages?

As a native speaker of a Slavic language, I know about foreigners trying (and sometimes failing) to use proper case for a situation, or using wrong gender declension, or an adjective non gender-...
10
votes
1answer
258 views

What is the Representational Deficit Hypothesis?

I've been reading about second language acquisition, and I've come across the Representational Deficit Hypothesis (also known as the Failed Functional Features Hypothesis). What is it? And where can I ...
10
votes
1answer
111 views

How to use subtitles most effectvely?

I have an intermediate level in my target language (L2), which means that when I watch films without subtitles I understand relatively little. Turning on L2 subtitles increases my understanding to a ...
10
votes
2answers
73 views

Is it beneficial to learn vocabulary by words by lexical class?

Is it beneficial to learn vocabulary by words by lexical class? For example, learn a list of nouns first, then a list of verbs, then a list of adjectives. (There are, of course, more classes). I've ...
10
votes
1answer
89 views

Impacts of speaking a language without knowing to read/write

My English teacher happened to teach a truck driver who wanted to speak English but was not interested in reading or writing it. My teacher found an interesting way to teach spoken English by asking ...
10
votes
1answer
99 views

Are there any studies showing that absolute pitch affects second language acquisition?

I recently became aware of the phenomenon of absolute pitch--the ability to identify a pitch without external reference. I am almost certain I have this ability--I get annoyed by out-of-tune pianos, ...
10
votes
1answer
93 views

IPA usage and the deaf

[Note: I initially asked this at the Linguistics community, but was suggested to try here.] I have an adult friend who was born deaf. While I am very slowly learning sign language, we generally ...
10
votes
1answer
84 views

What method has been identified as the most effective for targeted one-on-one conversational practice?

My girlfriend and I are working on learning Norwegian. It is not a particularly difficult language, as languages go, and it is closely related to English, our L1. Have any studies been done on how ...
10
votes
1answer
79 views

How do you master adpositions, besides memorisation?

Summary of Question: Many popular books only suggest memorisation (useless for many) and do not explain adpositions and their uses. Beyond memorisation, how else can a language learner master the ...
10
votes
1answer
94 views

What was the first language learning website?

I'm interested in knowing the name, the year, and the languages the first language learning website taught. If you can add how many users it had, that would definitely be going above and beyond, but ...
10
votes
2answers
117 views

How to motivate a tandem partner to do exercises that are not part of a compulsory language test?

Over the last two years, I have worked with tandem partners from China who come to Germany to study at university. Before they can attend courses at university, they first need to prove their ...
10
votes
0answers
44 views

Resources for learning Nicaraguan Sign language

I am trying to learn Nicaraguan Sign Language (ISN), but I can't seem to find online resources. I don't have anyone to learn from offline, so online is the only way. I am open to different methods (...
10
votes
0answers
57 views

How can English language teaching research be more relevant to teachers?

I have been teaching English as a foreign language for nearly 40 years, the last thirty-one years at universities in Japan. I have researched and published on a range of topics that include "the ...
10
votes
0answers
91 views

Research on effectiveness of language teaching in ulpans / ulpanim?

After the creation of Israel in 1948, ulpans (or ulpanim) were set up for the intensive study of Hebrew. Today, ulpans still exist; they are institutes or schools "designed to teach adult immigrants ...
10
votes
0answers
100 views

What aspects of “Remembering the Kana” make it effective for learning kana?

While Remembering the Kana is regarded by some as having some flaws (some have criticised how it teaches katakana, and I've noticed a few inconsistencies or errors in the book that a proof-reader ...
10
votes
1answer
90 views

Evidence that translating L2 into L1 improves L2 acquisition

I run a project where young bilingual volunteers translate English-language media into the home language for their families. I believe one of the benefits is that, because our volunteers have to ...
9
votes
2answers
357 views

Is there an assumption you've learnt something before putting it on Anki?

I'm putting vocabulary on Anki, using the "Add" option, and I just add the material without trying to memorise it first. (I'm using the deck created for "Fluent Forever") When I go to study it with "...
9
votes
4answers
188 views

Are there any reasons to learn a language you'll never use?

I have a gift for learning languages, but I haven't made much use of it. There's people younger than me that know more languages than I do. The only one I've ever learned was German, and that was ...
9
votes
3answers
103 views

Learning language by singing songs?

Learn languages by memorizing rhymed poems is about pro/cons of using poems to learn a language. What about using songs? Songs might use more modern language, avoiding the cons mentioned for poems. ...
9
votes
2answers
103 views

Learning the grammatical gender of nouns in languages that have no articles, using non-visual techniques [duplicate]

When learning languages where nouns have a grammatical gender, it is sometimes (or often?) possible to learn the grammatical gender by learning the noun together with a definite or an indefinite ...

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