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13
votes
1answer
105 views

Are there differences in effect of advanced language classes for native speakers vs second language learners?

I've seen advanced graduate courses for languages, in which the level of the language itself is higher than average for the average native speaker. I was wondering if there was any research on ...
13
votes
2answers
250 views

How useful is passive “background” listening?

I have seen many different opinions regarding the usefulness of, say, having a radio program on in the background while you work, do chores, etc. Some say that simply being able to hear the sounds and ...
13
votes
1answer
132 views

Is it more efficient to make flashcards for L3 in L2 and L1?

I'm currently learning Japanese as my L3, using flashcards (Anki) for kanji vocabulary. My L1 is Portuguese and L2 is English (fluent). Is it more efficient to make flashcards for L3 in L2 and L1? ...
12
votes
5answers
350 views

Where to learn the Spain version of Spanish, rather than Latin American?

I am going to be studying in Spain starting next year. The Duolingo spanish course has more of a focus on the Latin American version. I was wondering if anyone knows of a course/website which uses ...
12
votes
6answers
242 views

Relearning/refreshing language skills

This question is slightly related to an earlier question about studies on language requisition, but is more interested in practical/anecdotal evidence rather than 'scientific study'. During school ...
12
votes
3answers
244 views

How does the CEFRL work?

I learn languages as a hobby, so I'm not sure how "levels (A1-C2)" as seen in this question work. So how do they work?
12
votes
2answers
79 views

Strategies to deal with declensions

Languages like German or Russian have declensions. However my native language does not have those declensions, and thus I have a hard time understanding their “point”, that is their added meaning and ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are flash cards effective in learning a language?

As seen, flash cards are very common in learning other languages. Flash cards seem to help learners learn words faster and more effectively. Lots of language learning programs use flash cards as well ...
12
votes
3answers
6k views

Cognates between French & Spanish?

I'm a native English speaker who's been learning French for a long time. I now have good vocabulary base and knowledge of grammar in French. When learning French I found cognitive short-cuts, for ...
12
votes
2answers
196 views

What are the benefits and drawbacks to using subtitles when you have a reasonable proficiency in a language?

I'd like to know whether there is any known benefits or drawbacks in watching movies with subtitles, considering movies spoken in a language you're learning. I mean, subtitles in the movie language ...
12
votes
3answers
221 views

Is it easy for native Japanese speakers to remember simplified Chinese characters?

Kanji resemble Chinese characters because they were introduced into the Japanese language via Chinese. Is it easy for native Japanese speakers to remember simplified Chinese characters? I'm asking ...
12
votes
3answers
670 views

How to maintain three foreign languages (polyglot)?

For the sake of this question, assume that you have reached CEFR level B2 (basic fluency) or higher in four languages (one of which is your L1). What sort of daily/weekly techniques and time ...
12
votes
2answers
80 views

Pitfalls in individual lessons compared to group lessons

I've previously learnt a language (Japanese) via group lessons, but today I'm going to be learning a language (Mongolian) from an individual tutor. I'm not "choosing" between group and individual, as ...
12
votes
2answers
135 views

What are the pros and cons of learning noun classifiers along with vocabulary?

There are classifiers in several languages (e.g. Chinese), also known as measure words, for each noun. I think that it is a good idea to start learning them when I do not yet know many nouns, so that ...
12
votes
3answers
132 views

Benefits of reading texts one does not understand well

My Danish skills are at the level where I can usually puzzle out the meaning of a newspaper article, even though I won't understand most specialized words. I took a quick look at some pages of a ...
12
votes
2answers
84 views

Is repetitively studying a proficient subject more efficient?

Whenever I've learned a language, I've usually learned in two ways: By quickly learning the material (learning more material in less time), later coming back to improve proficiency. Spending large ...
12
votes
2answers
149 views

How to improve writing fluency

I have been studying French and Spanish for several years, to the point of passive fluency in both languages. I can speak French (and a little Spanish) but my writing abilities are almost non-existent....
12
votes
1answer
129 views

Can you 'plateau' while learning a language?

I feel like no matter how much I'm studying my language, no matter how hard I'm doing it (Georgian and Chinese), I'm still at just, a level. I can have conversations in them, read articles in them, ...
12
votes
3answers
145 views

How can I stop myself from pronouncing abbreviations and numbers in an L2 in my L1?

(The question title is clumsy. Any help to improve it is appreciated.) When reading a text in English, occasionally I will meet a symbol. I of course know how to speak that symbol in English, but ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

What resources exist for learning Fuzhounese?

For a long time now, I've been attempting to learn Fuzhounese, a specific dialect of Chinese spoken in Fuzhou City, Fujian Province, China. However, I've found very few resources. All I have found is ...
12
votes
4answers
179 views

Are there any resources available listing the availability of per-language learning resources

There are a huge number of resources around, particularly online, for learning languages (e.g. DuoLingo, Babbel, etc), but most will only have a certain number of languages they cover. Easy if you ...
12
votes
1answer
102 views

How could we know that the pronunciation of an ancient language like Aramaic is correct?

This question is directly related to my former question on Aramaic: How to learn the vocabulary of an ancient language like Aramaic, which is based on scripture only? I'd like to know how and on ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

Can learning Spanish and French simultaneously improve your knowledge in both languages?

I'm currently learning Spanish in school while learning French in school. I've noticed that the vocabulary and grammar of both languages is structurally similar. I've had teachers tell me that I ...
12
votes
2answers
83 views

Devanagari letter grouping

I'm following a tutorial for learning to read Devanagari, but I'm finding that I'm having trouble. The letters are presented in what appears to be a "standard order" (my apologies, I don't actually ...
12
votes
2answers
139 views

Are some people good at learning grammar first, and other in a natural way first?

I could dare to say that most of people like to learn a new language in a so called "natural way", that is reading and understanding basic dialogues with little to no grammar that is getting bigger as ...
12
votes
2answers
257 views

Mnemonics for learning vocabulary and complex writing for people with aphantasia

Aphantasia is the inability to create mental images. In the most extreme cases, people with this condition are completely incapable of re-creating any sensual information and lack mind's eye. All ...
12
votes
1answer
115 views

Do difficult native languages slow down early education?

Do students from countries that teach native languages considered to be quite difficult (e.g. Japanese) generally take longer to master that language? Or does the power of being surrounded by a ...
12
votes
2answers
93 views

Making the Most of College Foreign Language Courses (Meta Learning?)

I am required to take two semesters of a foreign language for my degree. I do not know if I will make much use of the language I choose or continue study after the two semesters are done. I may not ...
12
votes
1answer
677 views

Teaching the Present Continuous before the Simple Present?

What would be the pros and cons of teaching the Present Continuous before the Simple Present of main verbs? As every teacher and foreign learner of English knows, courses and course books usually ...
12
votes
0answers
114 views

What are the various context clue techniques children use to learn a new word?

Are there any literature that discuss in great details, the various context clues that children use to learn a new word? I found myself reading a few papers "The development of a classification scheme ...
11
votes
3answers
222 views

Which is the more efficient method to improve the listening of the american english? [closed]

For some years now, I've been trying to get better in English and especially in terms of grammar, but my listening comprehension is still very low. I try to watch movies or series but listening ...
11
votes
7answers
282 views

How can I learn a language with little documentation/resources (Georgian)?

I've been trying to learn Georgian for almost 9 months now but have got no where. I do know a Georgian, even despite his undeniable skill in English he can't explain Georgian grammar to me. Georgian ...
11
votes
4answers
129 views

When is the right time to talk to native speakers?

I'm about to ask a question that's been on my mind since the day I started learning Russian. It has nothing to do with Russian in particular though. When is the right time to start to talk to native ...
11
votes
4answers
216 views

How can one learn a language (such as Korean), when there is no agreement as to how to properly pronounce it?

This is a problem that's been plaguing me for years. I have been wanting to learn Korean, but I just can't get the past the first step: pronouncing it. I can produce and hear aspirated consonants ...
11
votes
5answers
161 views

Are there learning resources to drill my Dutch?

When I was learning English we used lots of exercises that were referred to as use of English, which help you train some particular grammar. Now, I am learning Dutch and most of the exercises ...
11
votes
4answers
505 views

Improving a language at B1 level

I am learning Russian and English. I speak in English and understand everything most of the time when my friends talk. I understand about 60% of the words in movies and news. I also struggle with ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

How did Cardinal Mezzofanti learn foreign languages?

Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti (1774-1849) was an Italian cardinal who also became famous for his language skills. According to his biographer Charles William Russell, he spoke at least 30 languages very ...
11
votes
2answers
134 views

British colonial era English reader's primer

I wonder whether someone knows this material. I have tried to find even pictures on the internet, but to no avail. They were small, thin books called Reader's Primers or something like that. I'm ...
11
votes
1answer
266 views

Are there studies showing that learning an L2 makes it easier to learn an L3?

Assuming that I'm fluent in an L1 and an L2, are there any studies showing that already overcoming the barrier of learning the L2 aids my process in learning an L3?
11
votes
1answer
158 views

Does learning multiple languages make you more intelligent?

I'm mainly thinking about brain stimulation that takes place when learning new languages (particularly very different languages e.g. oriental vis-a-vis western languages). You learn quite a few new ...
11
votes
6answers
300 views

How can I overcome fear and failure when speaking to native speakers of my L2?

I've been studying Russian language on my own for more than 1.5 years. And I'm still bad at it because of lack of speaking practice. I didn't study everyday as I also paused for several months so I'm ...
11
votes
3answers
464 views

Modern Hebrew before Biblical Hebrew?

I have heard it said more than once that there are advantages to gaining a basic fluency in Modern Hebrew before attempting Biblical Hebrew. Getting comfortable with text decoding, basic vocabulary, ...
11
votes
2answers
142 views

Are there studies testing to see what the the ideal age to begin learning a second language is?

Would it be easier to learn a second language as a child, when you've had limited exposure to language in general, or as an adult, when you already have a strong basis in your first language? Are ...
11
votes
6answers
221 views

Where can I find swear words?

I have produced a series of word puzzle books for English that I want to translate into other languages. The puzzle books have challenges based on dictionaries that I have sourced from various places, ...
11
votes
2answers
289 views

Learn languages by memorizing rhymed poems

My native language is Portuguese and I had the initiative to read and memorize Os Lusíadas by Camões, the principal literary work in Portuguese. So I started to memorize the Divina Commedia by Dante ...
11
votes
2answers
220 views

What is the most efficient way to learn how to write kanji?

Learning kanji is an important part of learning Japanese but what is the most efficient method if I want to be able to write them on the spot? Muscle memory can certainly be useful but writing them ...
11
votes
2answers
76 views

Is there a term for the language in which a language is taught?

If someone is a native speaker of Khmer, is living in New Zealand and is learning Russian from a tutor speaking English, I'd know how to refer to Khmer (the "native language"), and how to refer to ...
11
votes
1answer
144 views

What techniques can I use to master nasal vowel pronunciation?

I'm referring to those encountered often in French and Portuguese for example. In Portuguese they may be denoted by "ão" or "õe". When first learning these new pronunciations from my native English, ...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Graded readers for Japanese?

As several other questions already mentioned, graded readers are a good resources for extensive reading, at least for people who are not yet sufficiently proficient to read texts written for native ...
11
votes
2answers
179 views

How does one go from “understanding each word” to “understanding the sentence.”

I've been learning Italian for the past 2 years, and I've reached a point where in the average sentence (in introductory material) I understand over half of the words. This usually allows me to ...

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