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12
votes
0answers
109 views

What are the various context clue techniques children use to learn a new word?

Are there any literature that discuss in great details, the various context clues that children use to learn a new word? I found myself reading a few papers "The development of a classification scheme ...
10
votes
0answers
44 views

Resources for learning Nicaraguan Sign language

I am trying to learn Nicaraguan Sign Language (ISN), but I can't seem to find online resources. I don't have anyone to learn from offline, so online is the only way. I am open to different methods (...
10
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0answers
57 views

How can English language teaching research be more relevant to teachers?

I have been teaching English as a foreign language for nearly 40 years, the last thirty-one years at universities in Japan. I have researched and published on a range of topics that include "the ...
10
votes
0answers
92 views

Research on effectiveness of language teaching in ulpans / ulpanim?

After the creation of Israel in 1948, ulpans (or ulpanim) were set up for the intensive study of Hebrew. Today, ulpans still exist; they are institutes or schools "designed to teach adult immigrants ...
10
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0answers
100 views

What aspects of “Remembering the Kana” make it effective for learning kana?

While Remembering the Kana is regarded by some as having some flaws (some have criticised how it teaches katakana, and I've noticed a few inconsistencies or errors in the book that a proof-reader ...
10
votes
1answer
90 views

Evidence that translating L2 into L1 improves L2 acquisition

I run a project where young bilingual volunteers translate English-language media into the home language for their families. I believe one of the benefits is that, because our volunteers have to ...
9
votes
0answers
156 views

How many people in the world can I speak with if I know three languages?

In order to gather some data that can hopefully give an estimate for the correlation between L1 and L2 languages, please take a moment to take this short 2-question survey. The title might be a bit ...
9
votes
0answers
67 views

Learn alphabet by replacing letters in native text

I've read before somewhere about a way to quickly learn how to read a foreign alphabet. You take an unfamiliar letter and put it in English words where the sound of that letter makes sense. That ...
9
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0answers
63 views

How to practice honorifics?

Japanese has honorifics (敬語 - "keigo"), a feature of which my native language English is devoid. For example, there is different vocabulary and grammar to use when speaking to a social superior, about ...
9
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0answers
123 views

Bulk-add pronunciations to Anki decks

This is what I want to do: I have a large Anki collection (over 20,000 notes of Japanese vocabulary). I want to add Japanese pitch/accent information to each note. Possible solutions? I have no idea ...
9
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0answers
111 views

According to research, how effective is learning an L3 through an L2?

There's a language technique in the polyglot community known as "stacking", which is essentially the process of learning an L3 through an L2. According to research on this topic, what are the benefits ...
9
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0answers
162 views

Do people fluent in two languages learn a third, unrelated language more easily?

The question in the title is strongly shortened. In full-length it goes like this: Do people who speak fluently two languages (which they have learned as a child) that are quite different from ...
9
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0answers
138 views

Evidence that the European Day of Languages motivates EU citizens to learn foreign languages?

Today, 26 September, is (or was) the European Day of Languages. The Council of Europe came up with the idea of a European Day of Languages in 2001, the European Year of Languages. The initiative has ...
8
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2answers
106 views

Is there a similar app to Lernu for learning Korean?

I've recently been interested in Esperanto, and found a highly useful site for learning it. Lernu teaches you Esperanto by telling a story Esperanto with the English translation available by hovering ...
8
votes
0answers
38 views

Is Ekapeli useful for an adult learner of Finnish?

Ekapeli is an educational game intended for children, especially those with problems with reading and writing Finnish. There are different versions for native Finnish speakers and for immigrants. The ...
8
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0answers
57 views

Is there a reference that classifies books on grammar according to the major type of grammar the authors espouse?

Is there a comprehensive reference that classifies books on English grammar according to the major type of grammar (reference, transformational, relational, head-driven case structure ... ) the ...
8
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0answers
61 views

Can comprehension happen before meaning?

I'm trying to find the right terminology to describe the learning process that might be happening when a language learner goes from comprehension to meaning, rather than the other way around. Imagine ...
8
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0answers
70 views

How do language learners identify “good” language models to imitate?

The company I work for provides educational resources for teaching English in a variety of classrooms across India. Some of these classrooms are in very remote rural and tribal areas. We've seen a lot ...
8
votes
0answers
635 views

Mastering both the French r and the German r

I have a high level in German and French, but I use a uvular /ʁ/ in French and an alveolar /r/ in German (and in Dutch, my native language). In German, the alveolar /r/ is mainly used in Bavaria and ...
8
votes
1answer
100 views

What's the most efficient way of improving English listening skills?

I am a native Chinese speaker, and I have lived in Toronto for 8 years since the time I was 18 years old. But my English listening skills are pretty poor. I cannot understand the movies in the theater ...
7
votes
1answer
94 views

How does language learning in a classroom affect self-learning?

Circumstances require me to take a ~3 month break from my formal/classroom/directed language studies soon. Prior to studying my L2* under a teacher I was learning independently. How will my classroom ...
7
votes
0answers
50 views

Online course or resources on speed reading in Chinese

In a comment to my previous question about the transfer of speed reading skills to other languages, someone wondered whether this would be affected by the writing system. This is very plausible. In ...
7
votes
0answers
57 views

Are there any studies showing that you will tend to be more fluent in the first L2 you learn compared to your L3?

As an example, take the case of someone who speaks English as an L1, and wants to become fluent in both Spanish and French. If they learn Spanish first and French second, will they tend to be more ...
6
votes
0answers
50 views

What is the proper etiquette for a nonnative speaker who wants to practice Mandarin at a Chinese supermarket in the US?

There is a Chinese supermarket in the US I often shop at. I often hear the staff speaking Mandarin or Cantonese, and occasionally Hakka or Fujianese, amongst themselves and to Chinese customers. I can ...
6
votes
0answers
73 views

Where to find a decent source that tells everything I need to know about german orthography?

So, I've told you I need an orthography source, but what do I want to know exactly? Below is the list. Letter-sound and sound-letter correspondence: Basically, I want to know which sounds each letter ...
6
votes
0answers
27 views

Resources for learning the Silbo Gomero (Gomeran Whistle)

Here's a fascinating video on the Silbo Gomero, or whistled tongue of the island of Gomera in the Canary Islands of Spain. Today, it's essentially used as an encoding of Spanish that can be carried ...
6
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0answers
53 views

What resources are there for learning Lingua Franca Nova (LFN)?

I find Lingua Franca Nova to be one of the more interesting constructed languages because of its extreme grammatical simplicity. It's almost like Chinese in its analytic nature but with Romance-based ...
6
votes
0answers
63 views

What sequences of learning kanji characters, their readings, meanings, and related vocabulary tend toward longest retention?

In Japanese, many words can be written both with just the kana (phonetically) and with the kanji (Chinese characters). For example, the character 年 (ねん - "nen") means "year". In other vocabulary it ...
6
votes
0answers
58 views

Graded readers for Hindi?

Extensive reading or reading for pleasure is an excellent way of getting a lot of "comprehensible input" in a foreign language. Graded readers provide this type of comprehensible input. Hindi is one ...
6
votes
0answers
198 views

Books written in Levantine Arabic (e.g, Jordanian Ammiyah)?

Are there any modern Arabic books or writers that make extensive use of a Levantine dialect (such as Jordanian Ammiyah)? I'm thinking if there are, they would be fictional works, such as novels which ...
6
votes
0answers
44 views

Is it more advantageous to learn the writing system or the spoken form of a language first?

There are several primary aspects of a language, including both the writing system and the spoken form of a language. What does scientific research say about the order to learn these two factors when ...
6
votes
0answers
80 views

Learning second sign language after first sign language

If I have learned a sign language, will it fasten my acquisition on other sign language? This is because I learned that various sign languages have different syntax and such, and worried if there's ...
6
votes
0answers
73 views

According to research, how well do speed reading skills transfer to other languages?

According to Wikipedia, speed reading is any of several techniques used to improve one's ability to read quickly. Speed reading methods include chunking and minimizing subvocalization. There are ...
6
votes
1answer
68 views

Is there a scientific evidence of class / teacher importance for adult learners?

The role of a teacher in teaching languages to adults is not clear. By roles, I mean, for example: facilitator, manager, assessor, resources, participant and counselor. Suppose learners concentrate ...
6
votes
1answer
175 views

Evidence that learning radicals speeds up character learning in Japanese?

Characters — in Chinese or Japanese (or Korean Hanja) — can be learnt in various ways, and it is plausible that paying attention to radicals helps memorization and retention. But is there any hard ...
5
votes
0answers
28 views

How long between each JLPT level for learning Japanese?

A common question among language learners is how long will it take me to learn <insert language>?, and the usual answer, for a native English speaker, is to refer to the FSI list, which divides ...
5
votes
0answers
54 views

Is there a Russian language equivalent of dict.cc?

I am starting to learn Russian and I am looking for a good dictionary to use. When I learned German, dict.cc was my bible. Along with long lists of every possible meaning for given a given word in ...
5
votes
0answers
38 views

Learning the Navajo Language

My colleague is really interested in the Navajo and their language. He is tying to learn the language for some time now and has done all the courses he could find on the internet, only those were only ...
5
votes
0answers
34 views

Are there any software tools which can deeply analyse pronunciation errors?

I have only ever seen pronunciation taught in terms of body mechanics, that is, "In language X, the "I" sound is produced with the lips more rounded than the English "I"", for example. There are apps ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

How can I make sure my pronunciation based on IPA is correct?

I have read this question and answers titled "How can I learn IPA?" and now start to (finally) learn IPA and phonetics. However, while the question asks about the way to learn the IPA, which focuses ...
5
votes
0answers
63 views

Is spaced repetition more “efficient” at creating leeches?

I’ve found spaced repetition a by and large useful tool for memorisation, but I have a suspicion that it does a “good” job of reinforcing memories you “know” are incorrect (you get them wrong when ...
5
votes
0answers
42 views

Tools for Romanization of Arabic

I would like a list of free and paid tools for converting Arabic script into a Romanized form, whether that is Franco-Arabic or some other form of Romanization/transliteration. Such tools are helpful ...
5
votes
0answers
38 views

Is there any evidence that correcting a learner's oral mistakes in class has a negative impact?

In a comment on the question Is there a scientific evidence of class / teacher importance for adult learners? Gavenkoa makes the following claim: There is evidence that certain teaching activities ...
5
votes
0answers
65 views

High-qualilty videos for New Practical Chinese Reader

新实用汉语课本 or New Practical Chinese Reader is a series of textbooks for learning Standard Chinese published by Beijing Language and Culture University Press. There are six textbooks, containing 70 ...
5
votes
0answers
65 views

Learning Persian with Latin alphabet

Is there any free online resource for learning basic Persian without learning arabic script? I tried several online courses but they all begin with teaching script first. This is very demotivating to ...
5
votes
0answers
35 views

Coming from Spanish, where do I start learning English?

Is there any manual or website that I recommend to start learning English? Honestly, with my mother tongue (Spanish) I have forgotten and sometimes left without understanding, some concepts that are ...
5
votes
0answers
45 views

Spanish grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Spanish that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Spanish, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...
5
votes
0answers
57 views

What are general cognitive principles that could explain why Heisig's method works?

This is a follow up to this question on Remembering the Kana. James Heisig is author of a famous series of books involving learning Chinese and Japanese characters. These books are Remembering the ...
5
votes
0answers
37 views

How to use a speaking partner?

There are two types of speaking partners that you can use. The first type is just a regular person who is learning your language, and the two of you speak to each other for, say, 30 minutes in one ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

How to overcome language learning fatigue when learning Standard Chinese?

An acquaintance of mine has been learning Standard Chinese in his spare time for a number of years. He passed the HSK3 test with a very high score and started preparing for HSK4. However, he recently ...

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