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13 votes
0 answers
148 views

What are the various context clue techniques children use to learn a new word?

Is there any literature that discusses in great detail what the various context clues are that children use to learn a new word? I found myself reading a few papers "The development of a ...
stevestark's user avatar
12 votes
0 answers
2k views

Mastering both the French r and the German r

I have a high level in German and French, but I use a uvular /ʁ/ in French and an alveolar /r/ in German (and in Dutch, my native language). In German, the alveolar /r/ is mainly used in Bavaria and ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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12 votes
0 answers
107 views

How can English language teaching research be more relevant to teachers?

I have been teaching English as a foreign language for nearly 40 years, the last thirty-one years at universities in Japan. I have researched and published on a range of topics that include "the ...
Kevin Mark's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
132 views

Evidence that translating L2 into L1 improves L2 acquisition

I run a project where young bilingual volunteers translate English-language media into the home language for their families. I believe one of the benefits is that, because our volunteers have to ...
Joe's user avatar
  • 220
11 votes
3 answers
282 views

Is there a similar app to Lernu for learning Korean?

I've recently been interested in Esperanto, and found a highly useful site for learning it. Lernu teaches you Esperanto by telling a story Esperanto with the English translation available by hovering ...
QuerimoniousQuerist's user avatar
10 votes
0 answers
91 views

How to practice honorifics?

Japanese has honorifics (敬語 - "keigo"), a feature of which my native language English is devoid. For example, there is different vocabulary and grammar to use when speaking to a social superior, about ...
Hatchet's user avatar
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10 votes
0 answers
140 views

Research on effectiveness of language teaching in ulpans / ulpanim?

After the creation of Israel in 1948, ulpans (or ulpanim) were set up for the intensive study of Hebrew. Today, ulpans still exist; they are institutes or schools "designed to teach adult immigrants ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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10 votes
0 answers
117 views

What aspects of "Remembering the Kana" make it effective for learning kana?

While Remembering the Kana is regarded by some as having some flaws (some have criticised how it teaches katakana, and I've noticed a few inconsistencies or errors in the book that a proof-reader ...
Andrew Grimm's user avatar
  • 2,525
9 votes
0 answers
2k views

How many people in the world can I speak with if I know three languages?

In order to gather some data that can hopefully give an estimate for the correlation between L1 and L2 languages, please take a moment to take this short 2-question survey. The title might be a bit ...
DK2AX's user avatar
  • 191
9 votes
0 answers
192 views

Learn alphabet by replacing letters in native text

I've read before somewhere about a way to quickly learn how to read a foreign alphabet. You take an unfamiliar letter and put it in English words where the sound of that letter makes sense. That ...
Roman's user avatar
  • 276
9 votes
0 answers
70 views

Online course or resources on speed reading in Chinese

In a comment to my previous question about the transfer of speed reading skills to other languages, someone wondered whether this would be affected by the writing system. This is very plausible. In ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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9 votes
0 answers
149 views

Evidence that the European Day of Languages motivates EU citizens to learn foreign languages?

Today, 26 September, is (or was) the European Day of Languages. The Council of Europe came up with the idea of a European Day of Languages in 2001, the European Year of Languages. The initiative has ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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8 votes
0 answers
416 views

Bulk-add pronunciations to Anki decks

This is what I want to do: I have a large Anki collection (over 20,000 notes of Japanese vocabulary). I want to add Japanese pitch/accent information to each note. Possible solutions? I have no idea ...
kandyman's user avatar
  • 226
8 votes
0 answers
85 views

Is Ekapeli useful for an adult learner of Finnish?

Ekapeli is an educational game intended for children, especially those with problems with reading and writing Finnish. There are different versions for native Finnish speakers and for immigrants. The ...
Tommi's user avatar
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8 votes
0 answers
85 views

Is there a reference that classifies books on grammar according to the major type of grammar the authors espouse?

Is there a comprehensive reference that classifies books on English grammar according to the major type of grammar (reference, transformational, relational, head-driven case structure ... ) the ...
Edwin Ashworth's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
82 views

How do language learners identify "good" language models to imitate?

The company I work for provides educational resources for teaching English in a variety of classrooms across India. Some of these classrooms are in very remote rural and tribal areas. We've seen a lot ...
A5C1D2H2I1M1N2O1R2T1's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
475 views

Books written in Levantine Arabic (e.g, Jordanian Ammiyah)?

Are there any modern Arabic books or writers that make extensive use of a Levantine dialect (such as Jordanian Ammiyah)? I'm thinking if there are, they would be fictional works, such as novels which ...
Abdullah Hussain's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
162 views

Can comprehension happen before meaning?

I'm trying to find the right terminology to describe the learning process that might be happening when a language learner goes from comprehension to meaning, rather than the other way around. Imagine ...
A5C1D2H2I1M1N2O1R2T1's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
61 views

Are there any studies showing that you will tend to be more fluent in the first L2 you learn compared to your L3?

As an example, take the case of someone who speaks English as an L1, and wants to become fluent in both Spanish and French. If they learn Spanish first and French second, will they tend to be more ...
fi12's user avatar
  • 9,107
6 votes
0 answers
112 views

Where to find computer aided tools to improve French pronunciation?

I have heard of Elsaspeak which is an AI software to correct English pronunciation. Does something like this exist for French as well? If not, what would be a good computer based method to improve ...
poseid's user avatar
  • 161
6 votes
0 answers
120 views

How does stopping reading to look up the definition of an unknown word affect the comprehension in general?

Looking up the definition of an unknown word when you read a text is an important part of learning. However, like doing every other task, if you have to switch to do another one, then your performance ...
Ooker's user avatar
  • 910
6 votes
0 answers
56 views

I want to train myself to use the Chinese grammar particle 了 correctly: how do I go about doing that?

Motivation: In Chinese grammar, there's a particle 了 which has two main uses: completion 了 (post-verb) and change-of-state 了 (end of sentence). I'm bad at using this particle (see How does someone ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
95 views

How long between each JLPT level for learning Japanese?

A common question among language learners is how long will it take me to learn <insert language>?, and the usual answer, for a native English speaker, is to refer to the FSI list, which divides ...
AML's user avatar
  • 5,076
6 votes
0 answers
68 views

Learning to use articles correctly when your L1 does not use them

I have a friend who is Russian and has used German for day-to-day matters for the last two years. He is very well able to have detailed conversations in German. However, his use of articles is often ...
user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
79 views

What is the proper etiquette for a nonnative speaker who wants to practice Mandarin at a Chinese supermarket in the US?

There is a Chinese supermarket in the US I often shop at. I often hear the staff speaking Mandarin or Cantonese, and occasionally Hakka or Fujianese, amongst themselves and to Chinese customers. I can ...
K Man's user avatar
  • 975
6 votes
0 answers
101 views

Is spaced repetition more “efficient” at creating leeches?

I’ve found spaced repetition a by and large useful tool for memorisation, but I have a suspicion that it does a “good” job of reinforcing memories you “know” are incorrect (you get them wrong when ...
Andrew Grimm's user avatar
  • 2,525
6 votes
0 answers
89 views

Where to find a decent source that tells everything I need to know about german orthography?

So, I've told you I need an orthography source, but what do I want to know exactly? Below is the list. Letter-sound and sound-letter correspondence: Basically, I want to know which sounds each letter ...
Duarte Alfonso Martin's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
485 views

Resources for learning the Silbo Gomero (Gomeran Whistle)

Here's a fascinating video on the Silbo Gomero, or whistled tongue of the island of Gomera in the Canary Islands of Spain. Today, it's essentially used as an encoding of Spanish that can be carried ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
  • 1,244
6 votes
0 answers
55 views

Is it more advantageous to learn the writing system or the spoken form of a language first?

There are several primary aspects of a language, including both the writing system and the spoken form of a language. What does scientific research say about the order to learn these two factors when ...
fi12's user avatar
  • 9,107
6 votes
0 answers
116 views

Learning second sign language after first sign language

If I have learned a sign language, will it fasten my acquisition on other sign language? This is because I learned that various sign languages have different syntax and such, and worried if there's ...
Vylix's user avatar
  • 238
6 votes
0 answers
96 views

According to research, how well do speed reading skills transfer to other languages?

According to Wikipedia, speed reading is any of several techniques used to improve one's ability to read quickly. Speed reading methods include chunking and minimizing subvocalization. There are ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.7k
6 votes
1 answer
78 views

Is there a scientific evidence of class / teacher importance for adult learners?

The role of a teacher in teaching languages to adults is not clear. By roles, I mean, for example: facilitator, manager, assessor, resources, participant and counselor. Suppose learners concentrate ...
gavenkoa's user avatar
  • 804
6 votes
1 answer
223 views

Evidence that learning radicals speeds up character learning in Japanese?

Characters — in Chinese or Japanese (or Korean Hanja) — can be learnt in various ways, and it is plausible that paying attention to radicals helps memorization and retention. But is there any hard ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.7k
5 votes
4 answers
246 views

How to improve my usage of vocabulary

I have been having trouble recently, related to my vocabulary. While writing essays or whatever writings in English, I recognized that my sentences were mostly consisting of 'simple' words. Such as '...
user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
86 views

Based on research, is it better to learn a new language in your mother tongue?

I live in a multilingual country and often people that visit a language course will have the class in one of the languages spoken here, let's say French. But most of these people do not speak a lot of ...
Pit R.'s user avatar
  • 51
5 votes
0 answers
51 views

Is the number of exposures required for retaining new words related to the teaching method?

Recently, Rebecca J. Stones asked, Does it take “about 50 exposures for most words to be retained in long term memory”? The question was about a claim by Terry Waltz that classroom learners need a few ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.7k
5 votes
0 answers
79 views

Is there a Russian language equivalent of dict.cc?

I am starting to learn Russian and I am looking for a good dictionary to use. When I learned German, dict.cc was my bible. Along with long lists of every possible meaning for given a given word in ...
user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
57 views

Learning the Navajo Language

My colleague is really interested in the Navajo and their language. He is tying to learn the language for some time now and has done all the courses he could find on the internet, only those were only ...
NickGames's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
0 answers
47 views

Are there any software tools which can deeply analyse pronunciation errors?

I have only ever seen pronunciation taught in terms of body mechanics, that is, "In language X, the "I" sound is produced with the lips more rounded than the English "I"", for example. There are apps ...
hamilton.julius's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
90 views

How to be in constant contact with the IPA to improve one's pronunciation of a language?

Recently I've been consulting a few words in the dictionary and after seeing their phonemic transcription I realized how my pronunciation differed from that of natives. The dictionary may then seem ...
Duarte Alfonso Martin's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
45 views

Is there any evidence that correcting a learner's oral mistakes in class has a negative impact?

In a comment on the question Is there a scientific evidence of class / teacher importance for adult learners? Gavenkoa makes the following claim: There is evidence that certain teaching activities ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.7k
5 votes
0 answers
435 views

High-qualilty videos for New Practical Chinese Reader

新实用汉语课本 or New Practical Chinese Reader is a series of textbooks for learning Standard Chinese published by Beijing Language and Culture University Press. There are six textbooks, containing 70 ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.7k
5 votes
1 answer
136 views

Coming from Spanish, where do I start learning English?

Is there any manual or website that I recommend to start learning English? Honestly, with my mother tongue (Spanish) I have forgotten and sometimes left without understanding, some concepts that are ...
MarianoM's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
0 answers
108 views

Spanish grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Spanish that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Spanish, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.7k
5 votes
0 answers
347 views

What's a Japanese language-learning website with interlinear gloss translations?

I've been trying to find one of these for years. I love the wikipedia examples where they have a sentence, a word-by-word gloss, and an English translation. Like this: 太陽が|東の|空に|昇る。 taiyō ga | ...
user5328's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
74 views

What are general cognitive principles that could explain why Heisig's method works?

This is a follow up to this question on Remembering the Kana. James Heisig is author of a famous series of books involving learning Chinese and Japanese characters. These books are Remembering the ...
AML's user avatar
  • 5,076
5 votes
0 answers
147 views

How to overcome language learning fatigue when learning Standard Chinese?

An acquaintance of mine has been learning Standard Chinese in his spare time for a number of years. He passed the HSK3 test with a very high score and started preparing for HSK4. However, he recently ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.7k
5 votes
0 answers
51 views

Where can I find rhythm and melody for modern spoken Greek?

I am interested in working on rhythm and melody for modern Greek: tempo, pitch, etc. Is there a resource that either explains this, or has spoken conversation that represents modern Greek tempo and ...
Christos Hayward's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
58 views

What can teachers do to promote or increase mastery of 把 structures in Standard Chinese?

Each lesson in the Chinese series of texbooks New Practical Chinese Reader contains a section entitled "Master the following phrases". Below are a few examples from lesson 16 (in volume 2): 现在就去 - ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 19.7k
5 votes
0 answers
109 views

How long does the "priming" effect last for vocabulary study?

I'm looking for studies or other scientifically-solid information on the topic. But first, an explanation. I'm interested in the psychological phenomenon of priming as it relates to vocabulary study. ...
Flimzy's user avatar
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