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4 views

WH questions to sentences with infinitive [on hold]

For examples I have a sentence "We decided to start smth. at Monday" How to ask a when-questions to "decide" and "start"? Thank you for advance!
1
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2answers
69 views

Find free dictionary with example sentences (e.g. English - German)

Are there free dictionaries available online for download? For the beginning I am looking for data which provide multiple possible translations and examples, e.g.: Input word: "Nevertheless" Output: ("...
1
vote
3answers
78 views

What multi-language translator or dictionary software is it worth to consider? [on hold]

I used to use Google Translate (mostly as a dictionary - for single words), but I would wish to know if there's something else worth considering, so I don't miss something better. I concerned if there'...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Any online discussion forums in a Germanic language other than English or German?

I have found that Stack Exchange, Yahoo Answers, Zhihu and other sites allow you to immerse yourself in major languages by asking and answering questions on multilingual pages. Are there any such ...
-2
votes
0answers
8 views

What does “pair of stove lids” mean? [on hold]

She seldom or never look through them for so small thing as a boy; they were her state pair, the pride of her heart , and were built for "style," not service she could have seen through a pair of ...
-1
votes
0answers
6 views

Practice reading Japanese (beginner)

I'd like to start actually reading Japanese. I speak it at a beginner level, but know very few kanji (though all kana). I would probably be able to read something with furigana with a lot of help from ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

What are some of the most useful methods of teaching English grammar?

As a practising English teacher I have observed that teaching of grammar does not help the learners to speak or write fluently or even correctly especially in speech.only a few ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

The greatness of a teacher lies in respecting the child [closed]

The greatness of a teacher lies in respecting the child I think the concept of Emerson's is similar to the concept of the present teaching scenorio which claims that learnimng is ...
-1
votes
1answer
11 views

Grammar “I work on a project at the moment” [closed]

I would appreciate a linguist/researcher`s response to my question: is it possible/correct to use the Simple Present with "at the moment" ? e.g. "I work on a project at the moment"
2
votes
2answers
38 views

How do I become 'intermediate' Thai level?

I am looking for someone to help me with suggestions to confidently / safely get into the intermediate Thai level and push into the expert level (which I am one year away from). I studied Thai for 9 ...
2
votes
3answers
115 views

Must we start teaching reading and writing with the Alphabet?

It is common practice to start with the Alphabet of a language while teaching reading and writing. But some linguists I know say that we need not begin with the Alphabet but ...
20
votes
4answers
13k views

What are estimates of vocabulary size for each CEFR level?

The CEFR does not specify a vocabulary list or a vocabulary size for each level. I could find one scientific article attempting this mapping (research paper of Milton J and T. Alexiou (2009), ...
-1
votes
0answers
14 views

What is the correct tense of a verb in a subordinate clause of the if-clause of a conditional sentence? [closed]

I would like to know which is the correct one of the two (incomplete) sentences below: a. If we decided to use a genuinely neutral notation in which the symbols did not carry any information, then we ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Free resources for learning Arabic from English or Urdu

I want to learn the Arabic language starting from basics. My native language is Urdu and I also understand English. Please kindly compare free websites/resources in terms of being user friendly and ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Is learning English as a second language a skill or a knowledge?

I think learning English is not just learning a skill like other skills (for example carpentry) because learning is also knowledge based, like history and physics. Language helps us ...
6
votes
0answers
33 views

When does a native reach certain CEFR levels?

The language skill is a process that takes time. If you're a native you still don't jump right into C2. I was wondering at what age/education level do natives reach certain language level of their ...
2
votes
4answers
438 views

Graded readers for Italian?

Extensive reading or reading for pleasure is an excellent way of getting a lot of "comprehensible input" in a foreign language. Graded readers provide this type of comprehensible input. Are there ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Is the online role-playing game Cantr II much use for language learning?

A web game called Cantr II (or just Cantr) is not like many web based games: it's text-based, very slow paced, and there's no official "goal"---you just interact with other characters. The idea is to ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Has anyone successfully learned to read a dead language while skipping the formal grammar study?

I have attended a few traditional masses in Latin. My proposal is to learn the language by reading the bilingual prayers and Bible readings. Since I can already read Spanish and French, I have been ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Learning correct spelling of Spanish words with or without acute accent

When trying to learn simple vocabulary in a manner similar to that suggested by Fluent Forever, I find that I have difficulties learning to spell words correctly with or without tildes. I've been ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

tips to learn Dutch genders

Dutch has 3 genders, which are hidden from the learner in that the definite article for two genders is "de", and the indefinte - een for all genders, however, they are important as one would refer to ...
6
votes
1answer
48 views

Polish affricates learning tips

I find Polish affricates extremely challenging, especially the juxtaposition of non-palatized and palatized affricates, e.g. dżem vs. dźwięk, ćma vs. czas. Any learning tips, e.g. using a widely ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Difference between reading text written directly in language X, and reading text written in language Y and translated into language X?

I'm currently reading the Chinese version of Matilda to improve my Chinese reading skills (and partly because I simply enjoy the book). However, as a native-English speaker, I'm concerned that there ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

How important is IPA to learn pronunciation for learners with non-roman alphabet

I think there is general agreement that IPA is crucial for learning pronunciation of a language like English, because there are no strict rules of pronunciation, and plenty of exceptions. IPA is ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Resources for learning Zürich German

I have recently become interested in learning the German language as spoken in Zürich. As far as I am aware, there are genuine differences in how the cases are used, the standard word order, etc. ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Resources for self-teaching spanish

I'd like to use free resources learn enough Spanish that I'll be able to understand menus, ask basic questions (e.g., where is the train station, how far is the whatever), not butcher pronunciations, ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

Resources for learning to read Chinese newspapers (in simplified Chinese characters)?

Many textbooks for learning Standard Chinese, e.g. New Practical Chinese Reader, focus on conversational Chinese. In these textbooks, the text in the lessons are always dialogues. This type of ...
4
votes
2answers
49 views

How can I find the correct word order for Marshallese sentences?

I am trying to make a set of cards (for the card game "Kloo") in the Marshallese language. It's basically color-coded for noun, verbs, etc... to be placed in a certain order. How do I discover the ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Is there data on number of people who do not speak a particular language, or none out of a group of languages?

Similar to this question (What are the most common languages among people who DON'T speak English?), is there any data on individuals who do not speak a language (or none of multiple languages), ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What strategies there are for learning a Romance language when I already know a Germanic language?

In a comment on another question, What is the difference between Germanic and Romance languages?, Robert Columbia wrote: There are actually known strategies for learning a language from one of ...
6
votes
1answer
68 views

How did Chomsky's Universal Grammar impact language learning theory in the 1950s and 1960s?

Many people nowadays know Noam Chomsky mainly as a social critic and political activist. For those who have a background in linguistics, he is a major figure in twentieth-century linguistics. One of ...
15
votes
3answers
333 views

How can I stop/prevent conversations from switching to English?

I've oft experienced (and heard stories about) conversation participants switching to English when noting some lack of fluidity in the target language. In a similar vein, I've heard anecdotally of ...
16
votes
7answers
5k views

What are the advantages of a paper dictionary over an online dictionary?

It has been a while now since I opened a paper dictionary to translate words from a language to another. I still have two paper dictionaries at home: one for English-French translations and one for ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Spanish reading passages with a focus on specific grammar

Is there such a thing as reading passages where the passage has been specifically created with a focus on a specific part of grammar? If so, what are they called, and where can I find them? I'm ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Arabic: reading of numbers (starts from most or least significant digit)? [closed]

On discussion on computer representions of numbers https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5185551/why-is-x86-little-endian/36263273#36263273 I've read a comment Arabic is written from right to left, ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Some good sources about textbooks in secondary education (ESL) in France/Germany/Netherlands/Turkey/Spain?

I'm currently writing a paper on modern ELS in national secondary schools in Europe, Russia and Commonwealth of Independent States after 2000, and it is hard to understand where to start, when it ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Is indirect negative evidence better than direct negative evidence?

It is a tendency among teachers to correct students' mistakes directly. For example, when a student says, My father goed to the office, the teacher blames the student. Since it is a sign of ...
6
votes
3answers
190 views

Latin, Italian, or French?

(I hope this is on-topic.) I am deciding which language to learn next. I am a native Spanish and fluent English speaker. My three options are Latin, Italian, and French. I would like to receive your ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Best way to learn Hebrew verb conjugations?

I am attempting to teach myself Biblical Hebrew, and I have lately been memorizing the verb conjugations for strong verbs. I have found this chart extremely helpful in my endeavor. Through the help ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

How can one learn to be a professional translator on their own time?

Is it possible, with a high-level study of grammar and a deep knowledge of the terminology used in whatever area you intend to translate in (obviously not in medicine or law, where such things are ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

How important is to find language exchange partner?

Currently, with all social networks and internet, it seems that everybody suggest [citation needed] that the primary way to learn a language is to find a language exchange partner. Beyond the obvious ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Why we could say “I did it my way”? [closed]

I guess we usually say "I did it in this way", but I can find such below: 1. "I did it my way"; 2. "Everthing he achieved in life was earned the hard way". so we can just omit the "in"?
5
votes
1answer
35 views

Can a baby learn a new language by interacting with a foreign language speaker over skype?

A friend who took a linguistics class in college once told me that an infant can't learn a new language by sitting in front of a TV program because the TV program doesn't react to their facial ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Is the core of teaching a second language like English intelligibility or native like fluency? [closed]

I think the core of teaching English as second language should be intelligibility but not native like fluency. This is not just my personal opinion but it is the opinion of many scholars who make ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Should a child acquire a language within 12 years of its birth?

One of the professors of linguistics told us (resource persons) that if a child does not live with humans and acquire at least one language within twelve years of its birth, then the child will ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Any advice on switching from French to German?

I am an upcoming 10th grader and I was wondering whether it would be easier for me to switch from French to German. My mother tongue is Arabic but I'm fluent in English as well. I've been taking ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Is it right to call it Communicative Language Teaching?

Language is primarily spoken or written for communication. Even literature is not without communication, even though it is primarily for writing. All language teaching methods must focus on ...
12
votes
2answers
68 views

Devanagari letter grouping

I'm following a tutorial for learning to read Devanagari, but I'm finding that I'm having trouble. The letters are presented in what appears to be a "standard order" (my apologies, I don't actually ...
3
votes
0answers
12 views

Quickly creating flashcards with sentences for conjugations in Spanish

In the book "Fluent Forever" (related blog post here), Wyner suggests using sentences to learn conjugations of verbs. For example, to learn the conjugation of "to be", for each form of the conjugation ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

When two people each speak one another's first language as a second language, in which language will they communicate?

Let's take an English-speaking Norwegian and a Norwegian-speaking Englishman as an example. What are the most and least influential variables that influence how they will communicate outside of a ...

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