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12
votes
2answers
1k views

What resources exist for learning Fuzhounese?

For a long time now, I've been attempting to learn Fuzhounese, a specific dialect of Chinese spoken in Fuzhou City, Fujian Province, China. However, I've found very few resources. All I have found is ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Series to watch to learn Portuguese? [closed]

I am currently learning Portuguese. I use Duolingo for it (which is working well, better as I expected). Now I think I can take on the next step (at least I hope!). I want purchase some series (for ...
11
votes
2answers
138 views

How to improve writing fluency

I have been studying French and Spanish for several years, to the point of passive fluency in both languages. I can speak French (and a little Spanish) but my writing abilities are almost non-existent....
8
votes
2answers
186 views

When to remove a word from Anki

Anyone familiar with Anki, or Spaced repetition in general, should know that the algorithm assumes that you will never remove a word from the system. You'll always review learned words, but after a ...
24
votes
3answers
327 views

How to start thinking in a new language

I'm fairly fluent in Hebrew, to the point where I speak it intuitively, often accidentally when I intend to speak English. But I struggle to think in it. My question is, what is required to think in a ...
10
votes
1answer
84 views

What method has been identified as the most effective for targeted one-on-one conversational practice?

My girlfriend and I are working on learning Norwegian. It is not a particularly difficult language, as languages go, and it is closely related to English, our L1. Have any studies been done on how ...
8
votes
2answers
64 views

How to avoid using the wrong word due to a similar spelling or pronunciation in an other language?

When learning a new language, how can one avoid malapropism due to another language one knows better? For example when I started leaning English I was/am fluent in German and had difficulties not to ...
9
votes
2answers
59 views

How can I retain attendees at my Conversation Practice meetups?

I took over organization of a Conversation Practice meetup about 6 months ago. The group has no specific language focus, but being in Amsterdam, it's common to have people learning English, Dutch, ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

How to learn the pronounciation of ejectives?

As a person native to a language with no ejective-aspirated distinction I don't know how to learn to pronounce the ejective consonants in Georgian. The formal descriptions (e.g. on wikipedia) are not ...
17
votes
4answers
401 views

Does learning a language consistently every day help you learn it sooner?

I've always thought this to be true, but I'd like some evidence to back it up. I'm assuming that I study about 20 minutes a day all seven days a week compared to studying about 70 minutes any 2 days a ...
7
votes
1answer
95 views

Learning Braille [closed]

I'm trying to learn braille (not yet blind) and decided to start somewhere familiar - the men's restroom (although I could start with physical books, I could not find any at the local public library) ...
5
votes
3answers
107 views

What types of sentences are easiest for beginners to understand?

What types of sentences are easiest for beginners to understand, presuming that the beginner has already learned the relevant meaning of all of the words contained in the sentence? Presume also that ...
9
votes
1answer
93 views

Pros and cons of “self-learning” with another non-native speaker vs. by yourself

Consider a scenario in which two people who do not speak L2 try to learn it without human resources. All they have are books in the language, dictionaries, and online learning tools like Duolingo. ...
16
votes
3answers
230 views

Pros and cons of reading the same book in each language I learn

One of my language learning strategies is to read the same book in every language I learn (in my case, the Book of Mormon). I know this book quite well, having read it several times in English and in ...
12
votes
1answer
70 views

How can I differentiate similar characters in languages with large character sets?

Some character sets have very similar characters that are hard to tell apart while studying, near impossible at a later date. For example, there's a lot of Japanese kanji, and they consist of ...
7
votes
7answers
199 views

Are there any free apps or web sites for learning Hebrew?

I am looking for an app or website for learning basic/beginner Hebrew. Since it's a less common language, Duolingo and other common programs do not have a Hebrew version. I'm looking for a free ...
17
votes
2answers
137 views

Why do words first come to me in a recently studied language when I try to talk a previously studied language?

In high school, about 15 years ago, I studied German for three years (my mother tongue is Dutch). The last eight year years I have studied and practiced Spanish and Catalan. And every time I try to ...
15
votes
1answer
203 views

What factors affect the ability to read aloud in a foreign alphabet?

What cognitive skills and other factors (types of exposure, practice, knowledge of the language, etc.) affect one's ability to read aloud fluently in a foreign alphabet — or even in one's native ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Does the quality of audio recordings affect their effectiveness in exemplifying pronunciation?

Some of the FSI free language courses are accompanied by audio recordings which were originally on cassette tapes. This means that those recordings are not quite on par with the more modern audio ...
8
votes
2answers
568 views

What do my scores from Duolingo's Test Center mean?

I just took an English proficiency test from Duolingo (I'm German) and I scored a 76%. I need to know what the average score is, as well as a basic idea of what each score range means I "should" be ...
9
votes
1answer
79 views

Is there research showing the detrimental psychological effects of learning a language through full immersion?

I know from hearsay and can sympathize from my own experience that many people experience depression overseas when learning a language fully immersed. I can imagine that this leads to low-confidence ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

How does Duolingo calculate its fluency percentage?

There's a lot of discussion been going on in the Language Learning chatroom about Duolingo's fluency percentage. My fluency percentage (as well as many others') seems very inaccurate, so I was ...
5
votes
3answers
96 views

Explain contemporary high-school language teaching to me [closed]

I do appreciate the answer to this question varies on where you are in the world but I'm happy to hear of different approaches from different countries. I'd be particularly interested in responses ...
7
votes
1answer
103 views

How does translanguaging work?

I came across a term in linguistics that I have never seen before called translanguaging. The definition provide was very dense and complex. Could some explain exactly what translanguaging is and ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

What are some psychological benefits to learning a second language?

Just what it sounds like. It seems like we already have a question on the detrimental effects of learning two or more languages. What are some psychological advantages to learning a second language?
10
votes
1answer
89 views

Impacts of speaking a language without knowing to read/write

My English teacher happened to teach a truck driver who wanted to speak English but was not interested in reading or writing it. My teacher found an interesting way to teach spoken English by asking ...
19
votes
3answers
324 views

How can I avoid confusion or interference when studying two similar languages?

For example, consider Tamil and Malayalam. They are two very similar languages with many similar words. The point is I get confused by the minor differences as I cannot remember them. I usually ...
10
votes
3answers
142 views

Phonetic typing for any language

I have studied a few languages not using the Latin alphabet, namely Japanese, Chinese, and most recently Russian. If you are familiar with Japanese/Chinese, you know that typing on a computer works ...
5
votes
2answers
58 views

What is the term for being able to understand something in only an L2?

I have this little thing with some of my L2 languages that I know that I can understand them in their own language, but not being able to "translate" it over to my L1 and understand it there. Is there ...
7
votes
2answers
72 views

Does learning 2 languages via different methods help reduce possible mix-ups?

I've been learning Spanish for four years in school. Recently, I've started learning Italian via Duolingo. Does the fact that I use different methods of learning reduce the possible mixup of the ...
8
votes
3answers
77 views

How can I best use my time when teaching young EFL learners during a very short class period?

I have been teaching private English classes for over a year now, and one of these classes happens to be for two Japanese children, 7 and 9, who have no prior English knowledge. Their father asks them ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What are the most effective ways of learning vocabulary of any language? [closed]

Vocabulary is the most important thing to become enriched in a language in my perspective. But for most of the adult learners of a language, memorization process sometimes seems very boring and hard ...
8
votes
1answer
58 views

What effects does being consistent in time and place of language study have on language learning?

I, for one, do my best to study my new language whenever I can, whether it be crammed into my busy morning or late at night. However, I've heard on several online language learning groups that ...
16
votes
7answers
5k views

What are the advantages of a paper dictionary over an online dictionary?

It has been a while now since I opened a paper dictionary to translate words from a language to another. I still have two paper dictionaries at home: one for English-French translations and one for ...
10
votes
2answers
263 views

According to scientific evidence, how many languages can the average human retain in their mind and still communicate fluently in?

Note: I'm not asking about how many languages the average human knows. Rather, I'm asking how many languages the average human brain can hold, and still allow the person to speak all of them fluently. ...
16
votes
4answers
322 views

Through which language can you learn the most other languages online?

Say I'm a native Tagalog speaker wanting to learn German. Seeing as how there's not an abundance of Tagalog --> German language courses online or in person (and that's an understatement!), I would ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Why does learning languages help with averting dementia? [closed]

I heard that several studies (e.g. 1, 2) point out that learning several languages help with averting dementia and Alzheimer's disease, especially when the languages are learned at a young age and ...
10
votes
1answer
225 views

How to learn the vocabulary of an ancient language like Aramaic, which is based on scripture only?

I've lately attended a series of lectures on the history of Christianity held by a Coptic scholar. He gave a few examples of Aramaic or Syriac sentences (translated from the Bible) which might be ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

Equivalents of rikaichan for Mongolian

I've read that Rikaichan (and its equivalents) allow you to hover your mouse over a word and see its phonetic reading and translation. What tools like that (just the translation, not the phonetic ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

Technical term for aural proficiency in a language

I have encountered several individuals in the past who have a certain level of proficiency and understanding in listening to a certain language, but are on the whole unable to create and speak/write ...
10
votes
2answers
94 views

Is there a term for the prestige language that's learned more-or-less natively?

I've seen here a lot of use of L1 and L2 to distinguish between the mother tongue, and the language learned later in life. This makes me wonder if there is any good terminology to refer to the ...
8
votes
2answers
116 views

How can I advance beyond conversational proficiency while not immersed?

I lived 3 years in Mexico, and for my first 9 months there I attended daily Spanish courses. By now, I am very comfortable with conversational Spanish. But I feel I've reached a plateau. This isn't ...
10
votes
3answers
82 views

Is it more effective to review existing knowledge every day or occasionally?

When using Duolingo to learn German, I'm often torn between the choice of reviewing existing language skills that I've already learned and continuing on to new skills. Is it more effective to review ...
14
votes
4answers
888 views

What advantages, if any, are there for learning the IPA when studying a language with phonetic spelling?

The IPA provides a standard, unambiguous way of writing the pronunciation of words, which can be quite helpful when learning a language like English, which has very irregular spelling (with respect to ...
17
votes
3answers
137 views

How to train yourself to contrast heard sounds

When trying to learn new languages, I have often encountered a problem when hearing sounds that don't exist in the Polish language (my native language). In my mind they "become" other, more familiar ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

What strategies can students use to learn grammar when studying independently? [closed]

I would never advise students to focus mostly on grammar, but spending some time focused on grammar can be useful (Paul Nation recommends spending 25% of time focused on language, including grammar ...
19
votes
1answer
138 views

Is maintaining a L2 detrimental to learning a L3?

At my peak in mid-2014, I was part of the way through my second Japanese textbook, "Japanese for Busy People II". Since then, I have tried maintaining the level of language I had, and picking up bits ...
7
votes
5answers
155 views

Is it possible to understand what person in front is saying in different language, but yet cannot speak it

In many TV Shows and movies I've watched, person A is saying something in language X, and person B understands it, but cannot speak language X. I looked this up on the Internet and found an article ...
16
votes
3answers
367 views

What are the advantages of studying words by their frequency?

There are many word lists sorted by how often they appear during speech (for example, NGSL or Top 100 Spanish words) and also lots of software and online services which make them easier to memorise (...
11
votes
1answer
103 views

What techniques can I use to master nasal vowel pronunciation?

I'm referring to those encountered often in French and Portuguese for example. In Portuguese they may be denoted by "ão" or "õe". When first learning these new pronunciations from my native English, ...

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