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9
votes
2answers
150 views

Has a corpus-based unprofessional bilingual dictionary ever been written - how was it received?

I am thinking of compiling a bilingual dictionary (German-English for that matter, but the question may be generalized). I was thinking of using a specific and finite corpus of texts, which should be ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Fastest way to re-acquire?

I'm pretty sure the literal answer to my question is "re-immersion," or some other form of constant study and use of the dormant language. (Indeed, when I have done that with other languages—even for ...
5
votes
2answers
143 views

Momentum and hours per week

I was told I could be in a beginner's Hebrew class that meets for two hours per week, without any required out-of-class work. I said (or rather, wished to say) that this situation is hopeless: two ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

What are all the concepts that you need to understand to become proficient at reading in a language?

Phonics seems to be important. What else is important? Do you need to know the formal rules of grammar? By "reading a language" I mean reading aloud or silently (whichever is better for comprehension)...
8
votes
1answer
128 views

What is the origin of the terms L1 and L2?

As you no doubt already know, L1 refers to your first or native language, and your L2 is a second language. Your L3 language would be your third language, and so on. Where and when did the actual ...
13
votes
2answers
228 views

Is there any language simply too difficult for non-native speakers to learn/speak?

I would like to know if any real language has ever been considered so hard to learn that acquiring decent fluency is basically an impossible task. That is, almost no non-native speaker has ever been ...
5
votes
3answers
508 views

What are Memrise's advantages?

I want to use Memrise to learn languages, but I do not know Memrise's advantages. What are Memrise's advantages? I accepted an answer, but If someone posted a good answer here, I will accept the ...
6
votes
3answers
188 views

What are some of the oldest documented language learning techniques or resources?

There are several archaeological bilingual and multilingual artefacts, e.g. the Philae obelisk (ca. 118 BC?), the Rosetta Stone (196 BC; Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, Demotic script, and Greek ...
8
votes
2answers
185 views

My L2 and L3 are similar, will using L2/L3 flashcards increase or reduce the possibility of mixing them up?

Here's a follow-up to this question. I'm afraid that learning L3 may interfere with my L2. I'm wondering about a good strategy for making the two languages separate if I use flashcards. How to avoid ...
9
votes
1answer
153 views

How can I avoid mixing two or more languages when I speak?

When I speak L2 or L3, I say sometimes some words from the other languages that I know. I also have seen many people who have the same issue, they speak in English in some conference for example and ...
9
votes
2answers
189 views

What's the most effective way to learn to quickly read Chinese?

I know enough Chinese characters to read quite advanced texts in this language. The problem, though, is that I'm terribly slow, so slow that reading anything is not a pleasure. This is something that ...
8
votes
2answers
177 views

Can learning L3 interfere with my grammatical knowledge of L2?

I speak Spanish at an intermediate level, and I'm attending an intensive course with a lot of grammar (the finer points of using ser & estar, the subjunctive etc.). I'm considering starting ...
9
votes
2answers
731 views

Repetition interval during initial learning within a day

I found that some words hard to recall after several minutes or on next day when learned them from flash cards. With longer period of time between recalls (5/10/60 min) and after working with another ...
8
votes
1answer
295 views

How can I learn to read and write Spanish in Aljamiado (Arabic) characters?

The Spanish language has a Arabic orthography due to hundreds of years of Moorish rule. How can I learn to read and write Spanish in these characters, assuming that I can already read and write modern ...
9
votes
1answer
224 views

Seeking West Punjabi learning resources

I wish to learn the Punjabi language. From what I understand, Western Punjabi (spoken in Pakistan) is the traditional Punjabi language that Punjabis spoke before the Partition of India (which ...
7
votes
2answers
138 views

What are effective ways to gain speaking comprehension without the help of a partner in non-english speaking countries?

I know this question sounds complicated and general, indeed. I'm looking for some effective tips for people with this condition.
3
votes
0answers
30 views

order of studying languages to make it easier [duplicate]

If I want to study more languages, what is the best order? EG I know that if I study Spanish, learning Italian would be easier then. I was considering more, Spanish, Italian, French, Russian, ...
7
votes
0answers
57 views

Are there any studies showing that you will tend to be more fluent in the first L2 you learn compared to your L3?

As an example, take the case of someone who speaks English as an L1, and wants to become fluent in both Spanish and French. If they learn Spanish first and French second, will they tend to be more ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Are minimal pairs for learners of a given L2 independent of their L1?

As mentioned in this question, Gabriel Wyner attaches a lot of importance to minimal pairs in the early stages of learning of foreign language. Gabriel Wyner is a native speaker of English, and his ...
7
votes
1answer
65 views

Are there any tests or certifications in Old English or Middle English?

Are there any formal assessments (e.g. tests or exams) or certifications in Old English (e.g. Beowulf) or Middle English (e.g. Chaucer)? By Old English and Middle English, I am talking about the ...
6
votes
3answers
299 views

Additional sentences for language deconstruction (CEFR levels A1-A2)?

Tim Ferris' blogpost How to Learn (But Not Master) Any Language in 1 Hour (Plus: A Favor) describes a "language deconstruction technique" to help people find out what a foreign is like before deciding ...
10
votes
2answers
158 views

Is there a web site for minimal pairs in arbitrary languages?

Gabriel Wyner puts a strong emphasis on studying minimal pairs to improve pronunciation. But I have yet to find a good resource for actually finding minimal pair lists. It seems I'm not alone. When ...
10
votes
1answer
111 views

How to use subtitles most effectvely?

I have an intermediate level in my target language (L2), which means that when I watch films without subtitles I understand relatively little. Turning on L2 subtitles increases my understanding to a ...
13
votes
4answers
322 views

How useful is it to study Chinese using Duolingo's English for Chinese speakers course?

Unfortunately, Duolingo does not have a Chinese for English speakers course. However, there is a English for Chinese speakers course. In other words, there is a course where people who speak Chinese ...
10
votes
2answers
74 views

Is it beneficial to learn vocabulary by words by lexical class?

Is it beneficial to learn vocabulary by words by lexical class? For example, learn a list of nouns first, then a list of verbs, then a list of adjectives. (There are, of course, more classes). I've ...
16
votes
1answer
87 views

What do we call reading a word incorrectly as a related word?

I'm a reading tutor. My new student is exhibiting some unsettling reading behavior. As an example, we learned the word "woman" two weeks ago. He sometimes reads that word correctly. However, at ...
9
votes
4answers
138 views

Are there any web sites that connect language learners for conversation practice?

I am currently learning Spanish and my teacher has told me that one of the best ways to learn the language is to participate, talk as much as possible, and to commit errors. I have looked online for a ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How did Cardinal Mezzofanti learn foreign languages?

Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti (1774-1849) was an Italian cardinal who also became famous for his language skills. According to his biographer Charles William Russell, he spoke at least 30 languages very ...
8
votes
1answer
205 views

How to choose an easy language to learn based on the languages that I already speak

We know a lot of great things that can motivate us to start learning a new language, boosting up our career, having a great travel experience, etc. But what would be some techniques that we can use to ...
11
votes
2answers
268 views

Learn languages by memorizing rhymed poems

My native language is Portuguese and I had the initiative to read and memorize Os Lusíadas by Camões, the principal literary work in Portuguese. So I started to memorize the Divina Commedia by Dante ...
7
votes
2answers
134 views

Efficient techniques to use songs to learn and retain vocabulary

I'm learning a language that is morphologically rather unrelated to my native tongue. I find great difficulty in retaining vocabulary in this new language, to the point where I have reached something ...
15
votes
2answers
684 views

What skills does reading aloud improve?

Have there been any studies about the benefits of reading aloud for language acquisition?
14
votes
2answers
138 views

Can reading aloud be an alternative to practicing speaking skills with other people?

The reason might be that we can not easily find people with the same language that we learn or just feeling more comfortable when we read out loud and try to make correct sounds by ourselves.
9
votes
2answers
125 views

How to manage learning many languages at the same time?

Being interested in learning 2 or 3 languages at the same time, I wonder if there are some best strategies to use for better results (regarding time management, things that we should focus on more, ...
8
votes
1answer
288 views

Is it possible to learn many languages at the same time and become fluent in all of them?

I think the answer would be yes for the first part of my question, but I am not sure what it would be if we seek fluency in all languages that we learn at the same time (maybe 2 or 3 languages).
9
votes
1answer
84 views

Are there any studies on what motivates people to learn artistic languages such as Klingon, Dothraki and the Middle-earth languages?

The fictional worlds created in science fiction and fantasy sometimes contain characters that speak languages invented for these fictional worlds. These fictional languages are a category of ...
9
votes
2answers
108 views

Are there any studies on what motivates people to learn international auxiliary languages such as Esperanto, Interlingua and Afrihili?

Esperanto is the best-known international auxiliary language (or IAL); it even has an Esperanto Stack Exchange site. But there are several other IALs, such as Interlingua, Ido and Afrihili. Are ...
13
votes
2answers
100 views

Is there reliable data for the success rates of different methods of learning/reviewing vocabulary?

Is there reliable data for the success rates of different methods of learning/reviewing vocabulary? I.e.: no reviewing audiobooks hand-written flashcards SRS flashcard apps Goldlist method
11
votes
1answer
260 views

Are there studies showing that learning an L2 makes it easier to learn an L3?

Assuming that I'm fluent in an L1 and an L2, are there any studies showing that already overcoming the barrier of learning the L2 aids my process in learning an L3?
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Are there any studies on the propaedeutic value of international auxiliary languages other than Esperanto?

One of the reasons why experts recommend learning Esperanto is its propaedeutic value, which has been the subject of several studies. However, Esperanto is not the only (international) auxiliary ...
7
votes
2answers
362 views

How can flashcards be made using only the target language?

Usually, language flashcards are made with a word on the front and its translation on the back. This happens to work well with nouns like apple and most colors because, well, fruits and colors usually ...
11
votes
0answers
223 views

Learning L3 through L1, L2 or L1+L2? [closed]

I can study L3 with L1 or L2 material/textbooks/dictionaries, or combination of L1 and L2 materials (switching daily for instance). Which will be most beneficial? My main concern is retention of new ...
10
votes
1answer
100 views

Are there any studies showing that absolute pitch affects second language acquisition?

I recently became aware of the phenomenon of absolute pitch--the ability to identify a pitch without external reference. I am almost certain I have this ability--I get annoyed by out-of-tune pianos, ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

At what level of Chinese or Japanese should one start learning the writing system to avoid a plateau?

In my answer to the question Is it necessary to learn the characters of a language that uses logograms?, I pointed out that there are universities that teach Chinese or Japanese where the writing ...
9
votes
0answers
138 views

Evidence that the European Day of Languages motivates EU citizens to learn foreign languages?

Today, 26 September, is (or was) the European Day of Languages. The Council of Europe came up with the idea of a European Day of Languages in 2001, the European Year of Languages. The initiative has ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

How can I learn all the rules and exceptions about the Vowel Reduction in Russian?

I've been trying to find the rules and exceptions about this subject, but I can't really find a good source. At this point, I don't know if I'm supposed to learn this in this way. Sorry, I'm kind of ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Where (outside the Rassias Center) can one learn the Rassias method of language teaching?

The Rassias method is a language teaching method named after John Rassias, who used it at Dartmouth College (in Hanover, New Hampshire, in the United States). The Rassias Center there still uses the ...
3
votes
0answers
59 views

For teachers : Improving oral communication skills in a language by identifying weak areas

How often can you improve oral communication skills in a language where you have some level quickly by identifying weak areas and working of them? (This could be the past tense or the most important ...
7
votes
1answer
74 views

How does the existence of a case system affect the learnability of a foreign language?

Case is a grammatical category that can be found in Slavic languages, Finnic languages, Greek, Japanese, Tamil, etc. (The Finnic language Veps apparently has 23 grammatical cases, and tops even ...
9
votes
2answers
129 views

Dialects of Spanish & Learning

To facilitate the learning process and make sure students will end up speaking something most native Spanish speakers can understand, shouldn't a student be concerned with the actual dialect being ...

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