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Questions tagged [vocabulary]

The body of words used in a particular language, or that known by an individual speaker.

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1answer
31 views

Anki question: multiple words on cards or separate cards for each word?

I'm studying German and I feel the need to learn vocab and sentences as well on the same cards. Basically my technique is to find a sentence not so long, break the vocab down and put it all on the ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

How can the natural approach to language acquisition work for L2?

So, I was seeing a video today where the narrator brought this approach as the best for L2 acquisition. I believe it can be useful, that's how we all learned our L1 after all, but I wonder how it can ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Why retain vocabulary when there are dictionaries?

Usually, when we come across an unknown word, we can guess its meaning based on the text around it (assuming that all the words around are known). However, there are cases that the meaning of the word ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Learning kanji and vocabulary

Learning vocabulary in Japanese (and I assume Chinese) is a strange feeling since one must also learn how to write that word using Chinese characters. When I started learning Japanese, I learnt words ...
6
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2answers
35 views

Seeking Egyptian Arabic dictionary with sort of most common single words top down style

I am looking for a website which has an app for the most common single Egyptian Arabic words, with the ability to sort words from most common to least common, preferably with romanization included in ...
20
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4answers
676 views

How can I expand my active vocabulary in a foreign language?

I’ve been learning a foreign language for 5 years. Now, I easily understand everything I read, I know lots of words and everything seems to be alright, but I still have a problem. My active vocabulary ...
13
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3answers
226 views

How to make vocabulary acquisition fun?

I have been learning French for around 2.5 years. I am currently around the B1 level and have attained this by practising reading, writing and speaking and basically immersion. But one of the biggest ...
21
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3answers
238 views

Can practicing vocabulary from L2 to the same L2 instead of from L2 to L1 be more effective for learning the vocabulary?

Can practicing vocabulary from a second language to the same second language instead of from a second language to your first language be more effective? Example: Suppose I know German and I’m ...
5
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1answer
39 views

How can I come up with words while writing?

I'm now learning Mandarin Chinese and since it reached enough level (should be HSK 6 level on reading), I started to practice writing. However, in so many cases I could not come up with words, ...
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3answers
9k views

What are estimates of vocabulary size for each CEFR level?

The CEFR does not specify a vocabulary list or a vocabulary size for each level. I could find one scientific article attempting this mapping (research paper of Milton J and T. Alexiou (2009), ...
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0answers
73 views

How many words per level of the European Language Framework? [duplicate]

I recently read an interesting article that states that for each level of the European Language Framework, you should know approximately this many core words. Note that a core word can have many ...
8
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1answer
86 views

According to research, should related words be taught together?

On this site, we already have a question about learning related words together (or not) as an autonomous learner using a spaced repetition system. At the time of writing, that question does not have ...
2
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1answer
126 views

What are the most effective ways of learning vocabulary of any language? [closed]

Vocabulary is the most important thing to become enriched in a language in my perspective. But for most of the adult learners of a language, memorization process sometimes seems very boring and hard ...
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0answers
61 views

How to practice honorifics?

Japanese has honorifics (敬語 - "keigo"), a feature of which my native language English is devoid. For example, there is different vocabulary and grammar to use when speaking to a social superior, about ...
8
votes
1answer
56 views

What is the popularity of using colored (e.g. red) transparencies to obscure words in a language book?

When I was in Japan twenty years ago, I noticed that high school students would sometimes study English from special books with black and red printing inside. The book would come with a red-colored ...
7
votes
1answer
43 views

How to combat the predisposition to forget certain types of words?

When memorizing vocabulary lists, I found that I'm rather good at remembering nouns and adjectives, but verbs tend to slip my mind quite easily.* It's led me to wonder if others experience the same ...
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2answers
84 views

How to memorize German vocabulary by connecting it to English?

My background vocabulary is English. Can you help me how to memorize German vocabulary by connecting the words with English?
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1answer
109 views

Conditions for successful extensive reading?

According to the literature on second language acquisition, what are the conditions for successful extensive reading? Does the literature provide any suggestions on how many words a learner should ...
5
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1answer
130 views

What are the benefits of extensive reading?

What are the benefits of extensive reading? More, specifically, in what ways is extensive reading helpful for learning a target language? Responses based on research would be appreciated.
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2answers
106 views

What, besides frequency, gives a foreign word pedagogical priority in learning/teaching?

My understanding is that "survival" words in a language like numbers and days of the week are usually taught first, even though they may have a lower frequency than certain frequency used words like "...
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3answers
251 views

What are the advantages of studying words by their frequency?

There are many word lists sorted by how often they appear during speech (for example, NGSL or Top 100 Spanish words) and also lots of software and online services which make them easier to memorise (...
7
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2answers
100 views

Should one memorize vocabulary in or without context?

Many people ask you when you say that you are learning a new language "how much vocabulary do you have?" And actually the more vocabulary one has, the more he can master the language. Some people ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

Are there standard verbs that are proven to help learning a new language?

I'm learning Russian and I wonder whether there is a list of verbs that are proven to be essential for learning a new language. I mean "to maintain" is probably less important than verbs like "to ...
14
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1answer
272 views

What is this phenomenon called when someone uses an “uncommon” word in his target language that is similar to one in his own language?

Suppose someone is learning words in a foreign language, and uses an "uncommon" word in his target language that is similar to one in his own language. For instance, the Spanish word for "mortgage" ...
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2answers
97 views

Is there reliable data for the success rates of different methods of learning/reviewing vocabulary?

Is there reliable data for the success rates of different methods of learning/reviewing vocabulary? I.e.: no reviewing audiobooks hand-written flashcards SRS flashcard apps Goldlist method
6
votes
2answers
189 views

Is learning vocabulary by means of (bilingual) vocabulary lists inefficient, and if yes, why?

A previous question, "Is it bad to only learn vocabulary through conversation/applied use?" (The question is now only visible to users with 2000+ reps) looked like three questions combined into a ...
9
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2answers
100 views

What are the main benefits and drawbacks of learning vocabulary only through conversation?

Many people learn foreign languages at school, which often involves learning vocabulary lists. Others learn languages through immersion. Each method has its benefits and drawbacks. What are the main ...
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3answers
501 views

What resources are there for learning Toki Pona?

I recently started using Memrise to learn Toki Pona, because I find that language to be very interesting. Memrise is indeed useful regarding vocabulary, but I think it is not enough. Are there other ...
4
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2answers
92 views

impredictable arabic broken plurals and verbal nouns (مصدر) from form I

I'd like to know a strategy to deal with this lexical issue of the Arabic language. What strategy should I follow to memorize the right pattern correctly?
12
votes
2answers
126 views

What are the pros and cons of learning noun classifiers along with vocabulary?

There are classifiers in several languages (e.g. Chinese), also known as measure words, for each noun. I think that it is a good idea to start learning them when I do not yet know many nouns, so that ...
12
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2answers
157 views

Mnemonics for learning vocabulary and complex writing for people with aphantasia

Aphantasia is the inability to create mental images. In the most extreme cases, people with this condition are completely incapable of re-creating any sensual information and lack mind's eye. All ...
13
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2answers
832 views

Is the “T-Coding Method” a reliable method to learn vocabulary?

In Iran someone named "Mr Taraghghi" has imported a method for learning English vocabulary called "Vocabulary Coding" for Persian native speakers that works like this example: Consider the word "...
11
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6answers
285 views

How can I overcome fear and failure when speaking to native speakers of my L2?

I've been studying Russian language on my own for more than 1.5 years. And I'm still bad at it because of lack of speaking practice. I didn't study everyday as I also paused for several months so I'm ...
14
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3answers
198 views

Learning a language, for someone who can't stand flash cards

I can't stand memorizing words. I've found that the best way to memorize vocabulary is using (digital) flash cards, however I find studying flash cards to be one of the most mind-numbing and ...
6
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3answers
337 views

When studying German, how much time should be spent on learning grammar rules vs. vocabulary?

How much time do I need to give to learning grammar rules versus vocabulary while studying German, or is it possible to speak a foreign language without needing to learn grammar rules?
6
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1answer
35 views

An application to show words on display

Me and my coworkers are very inclined to learn foreign languages and decided to rotate a constantly updated list of words on displays that we have around the office. To work such application is a ...
9
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2answers
163 views

Why can't I think of anything to say when someone asks how many languages I can speak?

There is this fairly common thing I've noticed, when a multiglot is talking to someone about languages, and they say "say something in x", suddenly all words in that language leave my head and I can't ...
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0answers
75 views

How long does the “priming” effect last for vocabulary study?

I'm looking for studies or other scientifically-solid information on the topic. But first, an explanation. I'm interested in the psychological phenomenon of priming as it relates to vocabulary study. ...
5
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1answer
78 views

Is there more than one learning “path” through the intermediate levels in learning languages?

The Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) divides levels of language proficiency into A1, A2 (beginner), B1, B2 (intermediate), and C1,C2 (advanced. An A1 is learning the basics, and a C2 is ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

WebCAPE language exam - how many words do I need to know?

I'm studying Chinese and would like to know if there are any metrics/studies around how many words I should be able to retain to get a high score. The metrics I've seen, such as this Rosetta Stone ...
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0answers
25 views

Unpredictable multiple homophony of Chinese characters [closed]

I look for a strategy to deal with this lexical issue of the Chinese language, and so memorize the right pronunciation(s) correctly
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Homonym Learning Techniques

In vocabulary books, I frequently see lists of homonyms (i.e. words that share the same spelling and the same pronunciation, but have different meanings); however, I've wondered what is the best ...
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0answers
30 views

How many Languages can we speak fluently [duplicate]

I am speaking many languages but I m pinned down each time and can't speak more than four languages fluently at the same time, I noticed that I can only keep 4 languages even if I try to learn a new ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Should I learn a whole bunch of new words at once with Anki?

I've got a specific anki deck where I have around 350 cards that I'm reviewing and 260 new cards that I haven't touched yet. I'm behind on my reviews for this particular deck (put it off for a while), ...
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votes
3answers
102 views

How can I apply the words I learn?

I know lots of words. I know I do because I know so many I have to review at least one hundred every day and it takes ages. I never am able to use these words in conversation though, and I don't ...
9
votes
1answer
264 views

How many new words at a time?

I have a 1000 flash cards of new words. I pick a flash card at random to test if I remember the word. If not, I take a moment to try to remember it. With a 1000 flash cards I feel that I see too many ...
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votes
2answers
167 views

Resources for English morphemes

I'm helping a friend learn English, and one of the things I like teaching is morphemes (parts of a word), by explaining the meaning of the morpheme and examples of it being used. What resources are ...
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0answers
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Should I avoid learning related words at the same time in SRS, and if so, how do I avoid it with Anki?

One anti-pattern discussed in "Fluent Forever" is learning a group of words from a certain theme all at once, such as colours one week, family members another week, and so on. Does this apply to ...
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2answers
96 views

How does the vocabulary learned through immersion compare to vocabulary learned via study?

When reading texts in L2, (sometimes) it can be easy to infer the meaning of a word based on its usage in the text. This can work similarly when listening or conversing. (Of course, to ensure there is ...
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2answers
115 views

Seeking an Arabic dictionary with colloquialisms

There are words in colloquial Arabic that Google Translate won't understand and which are not even an Arabic dictionary! This problem is noticeably worse than for, say, Spanish or English, where many ...