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Questions tagged [vocabulary]

The body of words used in a particular language, or that known by an individual speaker.

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1answer
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How can I come up with words while writing?

I'm now learning Mandarin Chinese and since it reached enough level (should be HSK 6 level on reading), I started to practice writing. However, in so many cases I could not come up with words, ...
7
votes
1answer
57 views

According to research, should related words be taught together?

On this site, we already have a question about learning related words together (or not) as an autonomous learner using a spaced repetition system. At the time of writing, that question does not have ...
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0answers
54 views

How to practice honorifics?

Japanese has honorifics (敬語 - "keigo"), a feature of which my native language English is devoid. For example, there is different vocabulary and grammar to use when speaking to a social superior, about ...
7
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1answer
39 views

What is the popularity of using colored (e.g. red) transparencies to obscure words in a language book?

When I was in Japan twenty years ago, I noticed that high school students would sometimes study English from special books with black and red printing inside. The book would come with a red-colored ...
6
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1answer
36 views

How to combat the predisposition to forget certain types of words?

When memorizing vocabulary lists, I found that I'm rather good at remembering nouns and adjectives, but verbs tend to slip my mind quite easily.* It's led me to wonder if others experience the same ...
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2answers
99 views

Should one memorize vocabulary in or without context?

Many people ask you when you say that you are learning a new language "how much vocabulary do you have?" And actually the more vocabulary one has, the more he can master the language. Some people ...
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2answers
57 views

Are there standard verbs that are proven to help learning a new language?

I'm learning Russian and I wonder whether there is a list of verbs that are proven to be essential for learning a new language. I mean "to maintain" is probably less important than verbs like "to ...
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2answers
76 views

How to memorize German vocabulary by connecting it to English?

My background vocabulary is English. Can you help me how to memorize German vocabulary by connecting the words with English?
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0answers
58 views

How many words per level of the European Language Framework? [duplicate]

I recently read an interesting article that states that for each level of the European Language Framework, you should know approximately this many core words. Note that a core word can have many ...
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3answers
185 views

How to make vocabulary acquisition fun?

I have been learning French for around 2.5 years. I am currently around the B1 level and have attained this by practising reading, writing and speaking and basically immersion. But one of the biggest ...
12
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2answers
118 views

Mnemonics for learning vocabulary and complex writing for people with aphantasia

Aphantasia is the inability to create mental images. In the most extreme cases, people with this condition are completely incapable of re-creating any sensual information and lack mind's eye. All ...
13
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3answers
161 views

Learning a language, for someone who can't stand flash cards

I can't stand memorizing words. I've found that the best way to memorize vocabulary is using (digital) flash cards, however I find studying flash cards to be one of the most mind-numbing and ...
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3answers
5k views

What are estimates of vocabulary size for each CEFR level?

The CEFR does not specify a vocabulary list or a vocabulary size for each level. I could find one scientific article attempting this mapping (research paper of Milton J and T. Alexiou (2009), ...
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1answer
33 views

An application to show words on display

Me and my coworkers are very inclined to learn foreign languages and decided to rotate a constantly updated list of words on displays that we have around the office. To work such application is a ...
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0answers
60 views

How long does the “priming” effect last for vocabulary study?

I'm looking for studies or other scientifically-solid information on the topic. But first, an explanation. I'm interested in the psychological phenomenon of priming as it relates to vocabulary study. ...
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votes
2answers
153 views

Why can't I think of anything to say when someone asks how many languages I can speak?

There is this fairly common thing I've noticed, when a multiglot is talking to someone about languages, and they say "say something in x", suddenly all words in that language leave my head and I can't ...
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0answers
22 views

Unpredictable multiple homophony of Chinese characters [closed]

I look for a strategy to deal with this lexical issue of the Chinese language, and so memorize the right pronunciation(s) correctly
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votes
2answers
76 views

impredictable arabic broken plurals and verbal nouns (مصدر) from form I

I'd like to know a strategy to deal with this lexical issue of the Arabic language. What strategy should I follow to memorize the right pattern correctly?
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Homonym Learning Techniques

In vocabulary books, I frequently see lists of homonyms (i.e. words that share the same spelling and the same pronunciation, but have different meanings); however, I've wondered what is the best ...
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0answers
29 views

How many Languages can we speak fluently [duplicate]

I am speaking many languages but I m pinned down each time and can't speak more than four languages fluently at the same time, I noticed that I can only keep 4 languages even if I try to learn a new ...
3
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1answer
96 views

Conditions for successful extensive reading?

According to the literature on second language acquisition, what are the conditions for successful extensive reading? Does the literature provide any suggestions on how many words a learner should ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

What are the benefits of extensive reading?

What are the benefits of extensive reading? More, specifically, in what ways is extensive reading helpful for learning a target language? Responses based on research would be appreciated.
5
votes
1answer
114 views

Should I learn a whole bunch of new words at once with Anki?

I've got a specific anki deck where I have around 350 cards that I'm reviewing and 260 new cards that I haven't touched yet. I'm behind on my reviews for this particular deck (put it off for a while), ...
8
votes
1answer
233 views

How many new words at a time?

I have a 1000 flash cards of new words. I pick a flash card at random to test if I remember the word. If not, I take a moment to try to remember it. With a 1000 flash cards I feel that I see too many ...
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3answers
98 views

How can I apply the words I learn?

I know lots of words. I know I do because I know so many I have to review at least one hundred every day and it takes ages. I never am able to use these words in conversation though, and I don't ...
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2answers
102 views

Resources for English morphemes

I'm helping a friend learn English, and one of the things I like teaching is morphemes (parts of a word), by explaining the meaning of the morpheme and examples of it being used. What resources are ...
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2answers
102 views

What, besides frequency, gives a foreign word pedagogical priority in learning/teaching?

My understanding is that "survival" words in a language like numbers and days of the week are usually taught first, even though they may have a lower frequency than certain frequency used words like "...
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6answers
272 views

How can I overcome fear and failure when speaking to native speakers of my L2?

I've been studying Russian language on my own for more than 1.5 years. And I'm still bad at it because of lack of speaking practice. I didn't study everyday as I also paused for several months so I'm ...
5
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1answer
75 views

Is there more than one learning “path” through the intermediate levels in learning languages?

The Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) divides levels of language proficiency into A1, A2 (beginner), B1, B2 (intermediate), and C1,C2 (advanced. An A1 is learning the basics, and a C2 is ...
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0answers
76 views

Should I avoid learning related words at the same time in SRS, and if so, how do I avoid it with Anki?

One anti-pattern discussed in "Fluent Forever" is learning a group of words from a certain theme all at once, such as colours one week, family members another week, and so on. Does this apply to ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

WebCAPE language exam - how many words do I need to know?

I'm studying Chinese and would like to know if there are any metrics/studies around how many words I should be able to retain to get a high score. The metrics I've seen, such as this Rosetta Stone ...
14
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1answer
258 views

What is this phenomenon called when someone uses an “uncommon” word in his target language that is similar to one in his own language?

Suppose someone is learning words in a foreign language, and uses an "uncommon" word in his target language that is similar to one in his own language. For instance, the Spanish word for "mortgage" ...
4
votes
4answers
117 views

How to enhance the German vocabulary of my six-year-old?

We, the parents, don’t speak much German. Our daughter has been going to a German school for two years (start at 4) and is fluent by now. However, the teachers say that she lacks some vocabulary. She’...
5
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1answer
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Why can't I remember words?

I have a bad problem, I learned a lot of English words, I am registered on Memrise.com and every day I study new words and review them. Now I have more than 1100 words in my long term memory according ...
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2answers
92 views

What are the main benefits and drawbacks of learning vocabulary only through conversation?

Many people learn foreign languages at school, which often involves learning vocabulary lists. Others learn languages through immersion. Each method has its benefits and drawbacks. What are the main ...
5
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2answers
160 views

Is learning vocabulary by means of (bilingual) vocabulary lists inefficient, and if yes, why?

A previous question, "Is it bad to only learn vocabulary through conversation/applied use?" (The question is now only visible to users with 2000+ reps) looked like three questions combined into a ...
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2answers
82 views

How does the vocabulary learned through immersion compare to vocabulary learned via study?

When reading texts in L2, (sometimes) it can be easy to infer the meaning of a word based on its usage in the text. This can work similarly when listening or conversing. (Of course, to ensure there is ...
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votes
3answers
288 views

When studying German, how much time should be spent on learning grammar rules vs. vocabulary?

How much time do I need to give to learning grammar rules versus vocabulary while studying German, or is it possible to speak a foreign language without needing to learn grammar rules?
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0answers
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order of studying languages to make it easier [duplicate]

If I want to study more languages, what is the best order? EG I know that if I study Spanish, learning Italian would be easier then. I was considering more, Spanish, Italian, French, Russian, ...
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votes
1answer
102 views

How to use subtitles most effectvely?

I have an intermediate level in my target language (L2), which means that when I watch films without subtitles I understand relatively little. Turning on L2 subtitles increases my understanding to a ...
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2answers
67 views

Is it beneficial to learn vocabulary by words by lexical class?

Is it beneficial to learn vocabulary by words by lexical class? For example, learn a list of nouns first, then a list of verbs, then a list of adjectives. (There are, of course, more classes). I've ...
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2answers
114 views

Efficient techniques to use songs to learn and retain vocabulary

I'm learning a language that is morphologically rather unrelated to my native tongue. I find great difficulty in retaining vocabulary in this new language, to the point where I have reached something ...
13
votes
2answers
92 views

Is there reliable data for the success rates of different methods of learning/reviewing vocabulary?

Is there reliable data for the success rates of different methods of learning/reviewing vocabulary? I.e.: no reviewing audiobooks hand-written flashcards SRS flashcard apps Goldlist method
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2answers
254 views

How can flashcards be made using only the target language?

Usually, language flashcards are made with a word on the front and its translation on the back. This happens to work well with nouns like apple and most colors because, well, fruits and colors usually ...
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2answers
176 views

Grading vocabulary: How correct is necessary?

When grading vocabulary (either in a traditional classroom/test environment, or spaced repetition), is there any research into how to most effectively grade responses? Examples of possible answers (...
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4answers
548 views

How to remember words and improve my vocabulary

When trying to learn a new language I keep forgetting words, especially the adjectives. I think the main problem is that I don't use them at all and so after a bit I forget all the words that I don't ...
13
votes
2answers
758 views

Is the “T-Coding Method” a reliable method to learn vocabulary?

In Iran someone named "Mr Taraghghi" has imported a method for learning English vocabulary called "Vocabulary Coding" for Persian native speakers that works like this example: Consider the word "...
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1answer
218 views

“Means” versus “can be translated as (in some cases)”

A word represents a concept. Different languages sometimes use different concepts to describe the same matter. In such cases (my impression) the word of one language is often said to "mean" the ...
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3answers
418 views

What resources are there for learning Toki Pona?

I recently started using Memrise to learn Toki Pona, because I find that language to be very interesting. Memrise is indeed useful regarding vocabulary, but I think it is not enough. Are there other ...
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2answers
102 views

Seeking an Arabic dictionary with colloquialisms

There are words in colloquial Arabic that Google Translate won't understand and which are not even an Arabic dictionary! This problem is noticeably worse than for, say, Spanish or English, where many ...