Questions tagged [vocabulary]

The body of words used in a particular language, or that known by an individual speaker.

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12 views

Difference between 'röra' and 'blanda' in Swedish [closed]

I do a research about the words of action of mixing something in Swedish. I found two frequent words 'röra' and 'blanda'. Is there any difference in the meanings and in the use of these words? Also ...
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10 views

Ticker tape app but for German vocabulary

I work many hours in my computer. I thought it would be pretty cool to code/find a desktop app that we can input a long list of commonly used words in our target language (eg. German) and then it ...
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4answers
118 views

How to improve my usage of vocabulary

I have been having troubles recently, related to vocabulary. While writing essays or whatever writings in English, I recognized that my sentences were mostly consisted of 'simple' words. Such as '...
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3answers
135 views

Most effective ways of learning Russian?

I have been studying Russian for almost two years as a full-time student and feel disappointed that I’m not more fluent. It seems like no matter how much Vocab I learn, I still don’t understand ...
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1answer
50 views

Vocabulary app for Dutch

I am looking for a mobile app or website that I can create personal vocabulary list for a Dutch. Among my searches in Google Play, I see several apps for language learning, but didn't find a good app ...
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19 views

How can I improve the vocabulary I use? [duplicate]

I've realized that when I write or speak English, the vocabulary that I use is a lot more limited than the vocabulary that I know. For example, when writing, some words which I know the meaning to and ...
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32 views

How to improve someone's “sprachliche Genauigkeit”?

How can I improve someone's "sprachliche Genauigkeit" (these nuances). For example, in a speaking lesson, someone always makes "the same" grammar mistakes when speaking. Or ...
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1answer
410 views

How to evaluate CEFR level of text for L2 learners?

For a language-learning platorm I'm building I need to analyze the difficulty of a foreign-language text for L2 learners in terms of CEFR. However, as CEFR is made up of only Can do? questions, and ...
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27 views

For Mandarin, are there estimates on how many repetitions it takes to remember a word through reading?

Nation (2014) (pdf) discusses English vocabulary acquisition through extensive reading alone. While reading at a 98% comprehensible input level, the learner will (probably) remember a word ...
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3answers
143 views

Is there a customizable Memrise-like spaced-repetition software that lets the user choose an answer from a list?

I use both Anki and Memrise to learn vocabulary but these days I'm getting to think that Anki is not that effective to learn a word, as it is just flipping a card. On the other hand, Memrise lets you ...
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1answer
116 views

Automatically create a list of new vocabulary from an eBook

I thought of an idea for a software that I would find useful as a foreign language learner, and I am wondering if something similar already exists. The software would (more-or-less) automatically ...
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23 views

Can we define a Process describing the way we discover and learn new words in our mother tongue?

Can we define a Process describing the way we discover and learn new words in our mother tongue? This could apply to a child who is learning to speak as well to an adult. Consider that you discover a ...
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1answer
96 views

Low frequency words: native language vs second language

It is easy to explain why one has better proficiency in common vocabulary in one's native language than in one's second language. But when it comes to low frequency words, why does the native language ...
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Is there any evidence based on research that reading certain types of texts can be harmful to your language learning?

I've been learning Italian for some years (at present my level is C1): during that time I've been essentially a self-learner, with the exception of a few months, and I've been a quite active user of ...
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2answers
264 views

English words by CEFR level - open source

Are there any open source data that categorizes English words based on CEFR levl and is available to download? As an example I found https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/wordlists/oxford3000-...
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1answer
81 views

Improving vocabulary reading foreign language literature on ebook readers, how to export selected vocabulary into a spaced repetition app?

For improving my vocabulary I read favourite novels and short stories, preferredly in the original (target) language. When my level isn't quite up to it, I read a translation (be that English or ...
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3answers
86 views

After stumbling upon a word in Chinese, how can I determine if it's worth studying?

Nowadays I'm reading opinion pieces and news articles in Chinese. I'm at a late-HSK5 level. I stumble upon many new words, too many to study them all, so I need prioritize some words and postpone ...
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1answer
242 views

Good strategies to improve vocabulary when at C2 level?

My level of English is at the C2-level (I have passed the Cambridge Proficiency in English exam, CPE, and according to https://www.cambridgeenglish.org/exams-and-tests/cefr/ that equals C2). Even ...
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How can I efficiently find lists of cognates and false friends?

I'm referring to cognates and false friends of two languages. Books list some of them, but usually not exhaustively.
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3answers
109 views

How can someone already well read in English improve upon the language?

I am an Indian who has studied in English medium schools all my life. I have a strong grasp of basic English but still face difficulty sometimes. Be it phrasing some ideas into words or pronouncing ...
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Is the number of exposures required for retaining new words related to the teaching method?

Recently, Rebecca J. Stones asked, Does it take “about 50 exposures for most words to be retained in long term memory”? The question was about a claim by Terry Waltz that classroom learners need a few ...
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1answer
57 views

Looking for Personal Lexicon / Dictionary software

I'm trying to find a personal lexicon/dictionary/language study/flash card program - preferably one that makes allowances (ie has a place to enter) all of the forms of a word (noun declensions, verb ...
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298 views

CEFR Frequently Used Words

I want to compile a list of most frequently used 100 words for every CEFR level in English language. Comprehensive word lists for each CEFR level are available online, but how do I select the most ...
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72 views

Is there a Russian language equivalent of dict.cc?

I am starting to learn Russian and I am looking for a good dictionary to use. When I learned German, dict.cc was my bible. Along with long lists of every possible meaning for given a given word in ...
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1answer
117 views

How can the natural approach to language acquisition work for L2?

So, I was seeing a video today where the narrator brought this approach as the best for L2 acquisition. I believe it can be useful, that's how we all learned our L1 after all, but I wonder how it can ...
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1answer
139 views

Anki question: multiple words on cards or separate cards for each word?

I'm studying German and I feel the need to learn vocab and sentences as well on the same cards. Basically my technique is to find a sentence not so long, break the vocab down and put it all on the ...
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1answer
78 views

Learning kanji and vocabulary

Learning vocabulary in Japanese (and I assume Chinese) is a strange feeling since one must also learn how to write that word using Chinese characters. When I started learning Japanese, I learnt words ...
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2answers
570 views

Seeking Egyptian Arabic dictionary with sort of most common single words top down style

I am looking for a website which has an app for the most common single Egyptian Arabic words, with the ability to sort words from most common to least common, preferably with romanization included in ...
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1answer
48 views

How can I come up with words while writing?

I'm now learning Mandarin Chinese and since it reached enough level (should be HSK 6 level on reading), I started to practice writing. However, in so many cases I could not come up with words, ...
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1answer
118 views

According to research, should related words be taught together?

On this site, we already have a question about learning related words together (or not) as an autonomous learner using a spaced repetition system. At the time of writing, that question does not have ...
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78 views

How to practice honorifics?

Japanese has honorifics (敬語 - "keigo"), a feature of which my native language English is devoid. For example, there is different vocabulary and grammar to use when speaking to a social superior, about ...
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1answer
172 views

What is the popularity of using colored (e.g. red) transparencies to obscure words in a language book?

When I was in Japan twenty years ago, I noticed that high school students would sometimes study English from special books with black and red printing inside. The book would come with a red-colored ...
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55 views

How to combat the predisposition to forget certain types of words?

When memorizing vocabulary lists, I found that I'm rather good at remembering nouns and adjectives, but verbs tend to slip my mind quite easily.* It's led me to wonder if others experience the same ...
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355 views

Should one memorize vocabulary in or without context?

Many people ask you when you say that you are learning a new language "how much vocabulary do you have?" And actually the more vocabulary one has, the more he can master the language. Some people ...
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2answers
72 views

Are there standard verbs that are proven to help learning a new language?

I'm learning Russian and I wonder whether there is a list of verbs that are proven to be essential for learning a new language. I mean "to maintain" is probably less important than verbs like "to ...
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2answers
110 views

How to memorize German vocabulary by connecting it to English?

My background vocabulary is English. Can you help me how to memorize German vocabulary by connecting the words with English?
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160 views

How many words per level of the European Language Framework? [duplicate]

I recently read an interesting article that states that for each level of the European Language Framework, you should know approximately this many core words. Note that a core word can have many ...
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3answers
283 views

How to make vocabulary acquisition fun?

I have been learning French for around 2.5 years. I am currently around the B1 level and have attained this by practising reading, writing and speaking and basically immersion. But one of the biggest ...
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2answers
457 views

Mnemonics for learning vocabulary and complex writing for people with aphantasia

Aphantasia is the inability to create mental images. In the most extreme cases, people with this condition are completely incapable of re-creating any sensual information and lack mind's eye. All ...
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3answers
552 views

Learning a language, for someone who can't stand flash cards

I can't stand memorizing words. I've found that the best way to memorize vocabulary is using (digital) flash cards, however I find studying flash cards to be one of the most mind-numbing and ...
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6answers
55k views

What are estimates of vocabulary size for each CEFR level?

The CEFR does not specify a vocabulary list or a vocabulary size for each level. I could find one scientific article attempting this mapping (research paper of Milton J and T. Alexiou (2009), ...
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1answer
41 views

An application to show words on display

Me and my coworkers are very inclined to learn foreign languages and decided to rotate a constantly updated list of words on displays that we have around the office. To work such application is a ...
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88 views

How long does the "priming" effect last for vocabulary study?

I'm looking for studies or other scientifically-solid information on the topic. But first, an explanation. I'm interested in the psychological phenomenon of priming as it relates to vocabulary study. ...
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2answers
191 views

Why can't I think of anything to say when someone asks how many languages I can speak?

There is this fairly common thing I've noticed, when a multiglot is talking to someone about languages, and they say "say something in x", suddenly all words in that language leave my head and I can't ...
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27 views

Unpredictable multiple homophony of Chinese characters [closed]

I look for a strategy to deal with this lexical issue of the Chinese language, and so memorize the right pronunciation(s) correctly
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3answers
223 views

impredictable arabic broken plurals and verbal nouns (مصدر) from form I

I'd like to know a strategy to deal with this lexical issue of the Arabic language. What strategy should I follow to memorize the right pattern correctly?
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1answer
105 views

Homonym Learning Techniques

In vocabulary books, I frequently see lists of homonyms (i.e. words that share the same spelling and the same pronunciation, but have different meanings); however, I've wondered what is the best ...
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33 views

How many Languages can we speak fluently [duplicate]

I am speaking many languages but I m pinned down each time and can't speak more than four languages fluently at the same time, I noticed that I can only keep 4 languages even if I try to learn a new ...
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1answer
151 views

Conditions for successful extensive reading?

According to the literature on second language acquisition, what are the conditions for successful extensive reading? Does the literature provide any suggestions on how many words a learner should ...
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1answer
217 views

What are the benefits of extensive reading?

What are the benefits of extensive reading? More, specifically, in what ways is extensive reading helpful for learning a target language? Responses based on research would be appreciated.