Questions tagged [teaching-methods]

Questions about methods that are used to help teach a target language to other people.

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22
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1answer
2k views

What are the main foreign language teaching methods?

Recently I have been wondering what methods and techniques for learning and teaching foreign languages exist. My quest is to re-evaluate my views on foreign language acquisition, and maybe make some ...
18
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2answers
48k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of direct methods (using only the target language)?

Native speakers do not learn their native language with the help of an other language. Maybe direct methods are better to reach similar level of proficiency. But books that use a direct method are ...
13
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1answer
926 views

Teaching the Present Continuous before the Simple Present?

What would be the pros and cons of teaching the Present Continuous before the Simple Present of main verbs? As every teacher and foreign learner of English knows, courses and course books usually ...
12
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0answers
91 views

How can English language teaching research be more relevant to teachers?

I have been teaching English as a foreign language for nearly 40 years, the last thirty-one years at universities in Japan. I have researched and published on a range of topics that include "the ...
11
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2answers
6k views

What is the Pimsleur method?

I have trouble finding a good explanation of what the Pimsleur method is and why it works, if it does. So: What is the method and why does it work?
11
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2answers
231 views

Evidence that learning radicals speeds up character learning in Chinese?

Characters — in Chinese or Japanese (or Korean Hanja) — can be learnt in various ways, and it is plausible that paying attention to radicals helps memorisation and retention. But is there any hard ...
10
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2answers
213 views

How to teach someone to correctly pronounce tones in tonal languages such as Standard Chinese?

I regularly meet with a small group of other learners of Standard Chinese. They have been learning Chinese for several years, though not as long as me. One of their problems is pronunciation, ...
10
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2answers
137 views

How to motivate a tandem partner to do exercises that are not part of a compulsory language test?

Over the last two years, I have worked with tandem partners from China who come to Germany to study at university. Before they can attend courses at university, they first need to prove their ...
10
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0answers
108 views

Research on effectiveness of language teaching in ulpans / ulpanim?

After the creation of Israel in 1948, ulpans (or ulpanim) were set up for the intensive study of Hebrew. Today, ulpans still exist; they are institutes or schools "designed to teach adult immigrants ...
9
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1answer
219 views

Should literacy in the L1 be taught before teaching reading & writing in an L2?

When teaching English as a foreign language to people who are not literate in their native language (L1), should learners first be taught to read and write in their native language? In other words, ...
9
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2answers
146 views

How to overcome verb tense confusion

My wife, who is a native Spanish speaker, speaks pretty good English, but still struggles with mixing present and past tenses. Yesterday I buy a dress. I will ate lunch at 1:00. It seems to be ...
9
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1answer
109 views

What techniques do accent coaches use?

What exactly do accent coaches do to help with your accent? For the sake of this question, let's assume the L2 is English, and the learner wants to sound like a native speaker (or as close as possible)...
8
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4answers
165 views

How can I progress from A1 to B2 on listening skills?

My written Mandarin Chinese is likely B2 while speaking and listening are practically useless, likely A1 on CEFR scale. I'm now trying to improve the listening and speaking fluency, but for me it is ...
7
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2answers
115 views

Does it take “about 50 exposures for most words to be retained in long term memory”?

...per Chinese teacher Terry Waltz, it takes about 50 exposures for most words to be retained in long term memory... The kind of beginner content I'd like to see, u/Elevenxiansheng, Reddit r/...
7
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1answer
63 views

How to teach someone to correctly pronounce unaspirated t and p in Standard Chinese?

Some languages, such an English and German, make a distinction between the aspirated voiced consonants pʰ and tʰ on the one hand and the unaspirated voiced b and d on the other. Standard Chinese by ...
7
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1answer
62 views

Helping a Chinese native improve her advanced-level English

I'm helping a middle-aged, college-educated woman from mainland China improve her English. This is a hard-working, well-educated, highly-self-motivated student. She has lived in the USA for many years....
7
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1answer
37 views

Are there any L2-acquisition pedagogies based on the structure of L1-learning?

The L2 classes I've experienced seem to be pragmatically focused on giving the student a combination of useful phrases, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and even contextual/cultural information. ...
7
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1answer
105 views

Literary translation production: How much does it help with a language?

Can anyone comment, preferably with evidence, on the benefit to language learners of translating literary works from their target language into their native language --specifically with a goal of ...
6
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1answer
134 views

What is phonics?

A recent question asked about phonics. Even though the OP was mainly interested in English, the question implied that phonics is or can be used for other languages. However, I don't think phonics was ...
6
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1answer
623 views

Efficient way to teach English singular/plurals and verb tenses to Chinese students

Chinese mandarin nouns have no singular/plural forms. Also, the concept of time in mandarin is not expressed by changing verb forms, and other mechanisms are used for this purpose, such as adding '...
6
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2answers
87 views

Are there any methods for teaching English as a “means” not an “end”?

What I mean by such a method, is when the purpose of teaching is not to teach English but to use English to teach something else. Something (let us assume) student is genuinely interested in, and is ...
6
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1answer
192 views

Evidence that learning radicals speeds up character learning in Japanese?

Characters — in Chinese or Japanese (or Korean Hanja) — can be learnt in various ways, and it is plausible that paying attention to radicals helps memorization and retention. But is there any hard ...
5
votes
2answers
80 views

Is it acceptable to use one's mother tongue in teaching English?

In our country, we are learning English as a foreign language, not as a second language. We teach English by using our mother tongue in some situations. Is it acceptable?
5
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1answer
124 views

How are the Pimsleur courses and Michel Thomas courses different?

Pimsleur method and Michel Thomas's method are quite similar, based on their descriptions. What are the differences between them?
5
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2answers
147 views

If someone gets a phrase correct, how many more times should they practice it?

I am creating a language curriculum for Standard Chinese (none exist in my area). If someone gets a question/phrase/word incorrect, for example a phrase from a module on greetings, they should ...
5
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0answers
68 views

Based on research, is it better to learn a new language in your mother tongue?

I live in a multilingual country and often people that visit a language course will have the class in one of the languages spoken here, let's say French. But most of these people do not speak a lot of ...
5
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1answer
84 views

Which activities are appropriate for which age group?

When preparing for an ESL lesson various activities are included in various stages of a lesson plan. For instance, milling, drilling, info Gap, Gap filling, text-matching, multiple-choice, true/false,...
5
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0answers
35 views

Is the number of exposures required for retaining new words related to the teaching method?

Recently, Rebecca J. Stones asked, Does it take “about 50 exposures for most words to be retained in long term memory”? The question was about a claim by Terry Waltz that classroom learners need a few ...
5
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0answers
40 views

Is there any evidence that correcting a learner's oral mistakes in class has a negative impact?

In a comment on the question Is there a scientific evidence of class / teacher importance for adult learners? Gavenkoa makes the following claim: There is evidence that certain teaching activities ...
5
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0answers
22 views

About Inductive-Contextual method [duplicate]

I am currently reading Lingva Latina per se illustrata, by Oerberg. It follows the Inductive-Contextual method, which I find quite pleasant and effective. I have not found, however, books using this ...
5
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0answers
233 views

Combining grammar-translation method and direct method to teach English

Should we use two or three methods at the same time to teach English? For example: Grammar translation method, Direct method, etc. More specifically, is it acceptable to combine the grammar-...
5
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0answers
46 views

required standards for US domestic foreign language education

In reference to my earlier post, I'm going to be teaching foreign languages in some capacity and was advised by a board of education that I ought to understand and incorporate foreign language edu. ...
4
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2answers
90 views

Is it difficult for the low proficiency learner to learn a second language like English?

As a teacher of English I have observed that any child acquires the first language naturally. But learning a second language like English seems to be very difficult for the low proficiency learners. ...
4
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1answer
67 views

How does flow relate to language competency? Can it be taught/learned?

Psychological flow is kind of like going on autopilot, or being completely immersed in an activity, and is also related to high performance levels. I was reading about flow in music, but it reminded ...
4
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1answer
42 views

A different way of teaching, via cognates & etymology?

Is there an existing method—published in a book or an article—for teaching languages with cognates and/or etymology? I'm primarily interested in the Indo-European language family, but any of such ...
4
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1answer
38 views

How does one design a language course for people in a specific profession?

I remember in my time as an undergraduate (philosophy and french) that there were at various times language workshops such as "German for philosophers". I have been teaching French and Philosophy in ...
4
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2answers
85 views

Why Is Pronunciation Not Mastered First?

Almost all of the language teachers I've seen place perfect, native-level pronunciation pretty low on the priority list, yet this is the most straightforward thing to learn and will save someone a lot ...
4
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1answer
150 views

Where (outside the Rassias Center) can one learn the Rassias method of language teaching?

The Rassias method is a language teaching method named after John Rassias, who used it at Dartmouth College (in Hanover, New Hampshire, in the United States). The Rassias Center there still uses the ...
3
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1answer
60 views

Effectiveness of reformulating incorrect sentences as feedback?

My Chinese language exchange partner naturally makes errors when speaking German. One form of feedback that I often use is reformulating the sentence he just spoke, so that he gets to hear a correct ...
3
votes
3answers
168 views

Must we start teaching reading and writing with the Alphabet?

It is common practice to start with the Alphabet of a language while teaching reading and writing. But some linguists I know say that we need not begin with the Alphabet but ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Is the use of mother-tongue in the English class a boon or a bane?

I teach English in a government school where the medium of instruction is both English and the regional medium Telugu. The slow learners opt for Telugu medium and they are not able to follow my ...
3
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1answer
106 views

At what level of Chinese or Japanese should one start learning the writing system to avoid a plateau?

In my answer to the question Is it necessary to learn the characters of a language that uses logograms?, I pointed out that there are universities that teach Chinese or Japanese where the writing ...
3
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1answer
39 views

Constructivism Learning Theory for English language teaching

Constructivism is a theory of learning to help the learners to construct something based on their own understanding. it implies that learners are encouraged to construct their own knowledge instead of ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

How to help a beginner with speaking?

I am going to help a student with speaking in my native language who is at beginner level. How would we have the conversation such that the student can take the most out of it? Some points I made up ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

How can the natural approach to language acquisition work for L2?

So, I was seeing a video today where the narrator brought this approach as the best for L2 acquisition. I believe it can be useful, that's how we all learned our L1 after all, but I wonder how it can ...
3
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1answer
43 views

What are some tactics to incentivising my friend to learn my native language? [closed]

My bestfriend doesn't like learning languages because, well, a lot of it doesn't make sense to her. I've been occasionally sneaking in little mini-lessons to subtly teach her, but she doesn't quite ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Book or other resources on activities for teaching Chinese grammar?

I am looking for a book or other resources about tasks and activities for teaching Chinese grammar. There are book on teaching English grammar, e.g. Task-based grammar teaching of English by Susanne ...
3
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1answer
25 views

Evaluating incorrect answers in a language learning app

I'm currently working on developing a language learning web app that provides the user with better feedback. One of the things that I'm looking into right now is evaluating wrong answers. I'd like ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Usefulness of Literacy concept in Language Learning and Teaching

I have been struggling with literacy, both as a concept and theory. The literature on literacy is very broad, it seems quite all-encompassing, so I am struggling to make sense of literacy in any ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Best teaching method for student with minor Aphasia

What would be the best way to teach a student a secondary language if they have minor aphasia? The aphasia isn't bad enough that they are losing their first language, but it's making standard learning ...