Questions tagged [multiple-languages]

Questions guided towards multiple languages, whether it be comparing them, using them in tandem, or questions about more than one language in general

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62
votes
5answers
2k views

Are there any studies which address the effectiveness of studying multiple related languages simultaneously?

What studies, if any, address the study of multiple related languages (as in a relatively high level of mutual intelligibility--Spanish, Portuguese, Italian & French; Dutch & German, etc) ...
57
votes
9answers
1k views

How can I prevent myself from forgetting a language?

Many people forget languages entirely after enough time. I've become fluent in Spanish, but I haven't used it in over a year, and most of my family and friends don't speak it fluently. With all the ...
50
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5answers
900 views

Have there been any studies into detrimental effects of language learning?

There have been many studies into the varied benefits of being bilingual, but things are rarely uniformly beneficial. Have there been any studies into whether or not there are detrimental effects to ...
25
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2answers
347 views

What are some techniques to better differentiate between the two languages?

I grew up learning Spanish in school (I'm from Arizona) and became fluent in Spanish. Later, in college, I started learning French. I noticed many of the linguistic similarities between the two ...
20
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5answers
422 views

What is the impact of studying a third language in a second language?

when learning a third language, what are the relative advantages or disadvantages of studying the third language in either my native language or my second language? More specifically, if I choose to ...
19
votes
1answer
136 views

Is maintaining a L2 detrimental to learning a L3?

At my peak in mid-2014, I was part of the way through my second Japanese textbook, "Japanese for Busy People II". Since then, I have tried maintaining the level of language I had, and picking up bits ...
18
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1answer
178 views

What makes a language propaedeutic?

Learning any language helps learning another language after faster. This propaedeutic value is found in all language, but is more noticeable for some languages and combinations. For exemple, for ...
17
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2answers
134 views

Why do words first come to me in a recently studied language when I try to talk a previously studied language?

In high school, about 15 years ago, I studied German for three years (my mother tongue is Dutch). The last eight year years I have studied and practiced Spanish and Catalan. And every time I try to ...
17
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2answers
153 views

Is L2 fluency retention better than L1 fluency retention?

One of my friends grew up with his family in a Spanish-speaking country (for ~10 or so years), knowing/learning both Spanish and English, but he and his family have since moved to the United States, ...
16
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3answers
205 views

How can I deal with previously learned languages' vocabulary confusing me when I am learning a new language?

This is a question from the Language Learning subreddit: So I took German for one year in my third year of university and I was so into it. 4 years later and I'm still constructing sentences in ...
14
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3answers
228 views

Explaining the difference between 'very' and 'too' to native Chinese speakers

The Indo-European languages that I know (Dutch, English, German, French, Spanish) all make a distinction between "too" (meaning "to a higher degree than is desirable, acceptable or allowed") and "very"...
14
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4answers
202 views

Should I start learning another language even if I haven't mastered the last one?

I have studied German for the whole year last year. But I want to study other languages too. I haven't mastered German yet, and I am seeking advice whether I should start learning a new language ...
14
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2answers
148 views

Will learning ASL interfere with other languages I am learning?

I am learning Italian right now. I've heard many people say that learning multiple languages at once is a risky idea, since you can easily confuse them. However, would that apply to ASL? I've heard ...
14
votes
1answer
154 views

What detrimental effects can learning a second language have on the first?

There was a similar question regarding bilingual education here: Have there been any studies into detrimental effects of language learning? My question alludes to a different setting, specifically to ...
13
votes
1answer
231 views

How was the Foreign Service Institute (FSI) list of language learning difficulty compiled?

There is a fairly standard ranking of the difficulty of learning various languages for English speakers, based primarily on its similarity to English. (Note: I've seen some contradictory information ...
12
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3answers
143 views

How can I stop myself from pronouncing abbreviations and numbers in an L2 in my L1?

(The question title is clumsy. Any help to improve it is appreciated.) When reading a text in English, occasionally I will meet a symbol. I of course know how to speak that symbol in English, but ...
11
votes
1answer
260 views

Are there studies showing that learning an L2 makes it easier to learn an L3?

Assuming that I'm fluent in an L1 and an L2, are there any studies showing that already overcoming the barrier of learning the L2 aids my process in learning an L3?
11
votes
1answer
146 views

Does learning multiple languages make you more intelligent?

I'm mainly thinking about brain stimulation that takes place when learning new languages (particularly very different languages e.g. oriental vis-a-vis western languages). You learn quite a few new ...
11
votes
6answers
289 views

How can I overcome fear and failure when speaking to native speakers of my L2?

I've been studying Russian language on my own for more than 1.5 years. And I'm still bad at it because of lack of speaking practice. I didn't study everyday as I also paused for several months so I'm ...
11
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2answers
257 views

Learn languages by memorizing rhymed poems

My native language is Portuguese and I had the initiative to read and memorize Os Lusíadas by Camões, the principal literary work in Portuguese. So I started to memorize the Divina Commedia by Dante ...
11
votes
1answer
77 views

Updated versions of FSI courses

The Foreign Service Institute (FSI) courses (found here, here or here) are free, thorough, and an amazing resource for language learners. But they are quite old - many of the courses are well over 50 ...
11
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4answers
2k views

Can learning Spanish and French simultaneously improve your knowledge in both languages?

I'm currently learning Spanish in school while learning French in school. I've noticed that the vocabulary and grammar of both languages is structurally similar. I've had teachers tell me that I ...
11
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0answers
214 views

Learning L3 through L1, L2 or L1+L2? [closed]

I can study L3 with L1 or L2 material/textbooks/dictionaries, or combination of L1 and L2 materials (switching daily for instance). Which will be most beneficial? My main concern is retention of new ...
10
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2answers
135 views

Is there an online resource that show which languages share the same alphabets?

Recently I've been to Russia and therefore decided to learn how to read the Cyrillic alphabet. After that I discovered that the Cyrillic alphabet is also used in other languages, like Belorussian or ...
10
votes
3answers
382 views

How to maintain three foreign languages (polyglot)?

For the sake of this question, assume that you have reached CEFR level B2 (basic fluency) or higher in four languages (one of which is your L1). What sort of daily/weekly techniques and time ...
10
votes
2answers
94 views

Is there a term for the prestige language that's learned more-or-less natively?

I've seen here a lot of use of L1 and L2 to distinguish between the mother tongue, and the language learned later in life. This makes me wonder if there is any good terminology to refer to the ...
9
votes
2answers
168 views

Why can't I think of anything to say when someone asks how many languages I can speak?

There is this fairly common thing I've noticed, when a multiglot is talking to someone about languages, and they say "say something in x", suddenly all words in that language leave my head and I can't ...
9
votes
4answers
125 views

What are some strategies for effectively studying two unrelated languages simultaneously?

We already have a few questions on this site asking about learning multiple related languages, however, what about learning multiple unrelated languages? I'm a (mostly self-taught) student of Spanish ...
9
votes
1answer
162 views

Necessity of studying Hanja to reach intermediate level of Korean proficiency?

Taking the Korean Government's TOPIK examination as a standard, is it necessary to be able to recognize Hanja characters to get an intermediate or advanced level in Korea? Or if someone wants to take ...
9
votes
2answers
153 views

What is my first and second language?

First, let's take a look at the meaning of first language by Wikipedia: A first language, native language or mother tongue (also known as father tongue, arterial language or L1) is a language that ...
9
votes
1answer
151 views

How can I avoid mixing two or more languages when I speak?

When I speak L2 or L3, I say sometimes some words from the other languages that I know. I also have seen many people who have the same issue, they speak in English in some conference for example and ...
9
votes
0answers
161 views

Do people fluent in two languages learn a third, unrelated language more easily?

The question in the title is strongly shortened. In full-length it goes like this: Do people who speak fluently two languages (which they have learned as a child) that are quite different from ...
8
votes
2answers
146 views

Is there any common approach to learning programming and foreign human language?

Is there any common in approaches to learning foreign language and programming language? Both machine and human languages have common structure: syntax, vocabulary and rules. Can we expect that a man, ...
8
votes
1answer
288 views

Is it possible to learn many languages at the same time and become fluent in all of them?

I think the answer would be yes for the first part of my question, but I am not sure what it would be if we seek fluency in all languages that we learn at the same time (maybe 2 or 3 languages).
8
votes
0answers
47 views

Is there a known limit to how many languages a person can be fluent in? [duplicate]

I wonder this because I'm not sure whether it'd be too hard to separate all the languages at a certain point.
7
votes
5answers
154 views

Is it possible to understand what person in front is saying in different language, but yet cannot speak it

In many TV Shows and movies I've watched, person A is saying something in language X, and person B understands it, but cannot speak language X. I looked this up on the Internet and found an article ...
7
votes
2answers
79 views

How can I quickly learn to understand a Latin text if I know Romance languages?

After studying French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and now looking at a Latin text it seems like I’m basically there, I’m just missing things. What are some things I could/should learn to ...
7
votes
1answer
157 views

What are the most widespread languages besides English, Spanish, and French?

A great inspiration for some language learners is to be able to speak to a large number or wide range of people in more than one country. To that end, a language learner may want to know which ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

How does translanguaging work?

I came across a term in linguistics that I have never seen before called translanguaging. The definition provide was very dense and complex. Could some explain exactly what translanguaging is and ...
7
votes
1answer
69 views

Is there any vocabularies or best practices for a technical support how to communicate in multiple languages?

I am a technical support engineer. My mother tongue is not English, I still write and speak with a lot of mistakes, constantly improving my English skill, please do not judge me strictly ;) In my ...
7
votes
1answer
79 views

From an economic point of view, what are the most important foreign languages to learn for Germans?

Discussions about which foreign languages to learn are often based on the number of native speakers a language has. However, on the job market, what languages look good on a CV is determined by other ...
7
votes
2answers
132 views

Should I use my second language to learn my third language? [duplicate]

English is my second language (I do not have a good command of it.) while Chinese is my first language. I want to have Japanese as my third language. Can I learn Japanese from books/tutorials ...
7
votes
0answers
57 views

Are there any studies showing that you will tend to be more fluent in the first L2 you learn compared to your L3?

As an example, take the case of someone who speaks English as an L1, and wants to become fluent in both Spanish and French. If they learn Spanish first and French second, will they tend to be more ...
6
votes
2answers
93 views

Does native Finnish and literacy in another language give literacy in Finnish?

Our child speaks native Finnish (appropriate to her age). We are moving abroad. Supposing the child learns to read and write in another language that uses essentially the same alphabet (probably some ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

What is the better way for structure the learning of 5 languages in 1 year and 6 months?

It's really this, I have a dream to speak Japanese, Korean, Standard Chinese, French and Russian. I know it is hard and very difficult to learn five language at the same time. Right now, this is my ...
6
votes
1answer
76 views

Can I read nynorsk due to learning bokmål?

Suppose I learn enough Norwegian bokmål to be able to read books and newspapers well enough to follow what is happening, even if I would miss nuances and occasionally misunderstand something. I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
59 views

Are there any studies on the effectiveness of learning typologically similar languages?

Flimzy previously asked, Are there any studies which address the effectiveness of studying multiple related languages simultaneously? Genetic relationships between languages (as established through ...
6
votes
2answers
73 views

Are there any physical resources that have basics for multiple languages?

I'm looking for a physical learning resource that contains the basics of multiple languages (I don't care which), so that you could get a sampling of several different languages. Ideally this resource ...
5
votes
2answers
119 views

Approach to multiple language learning goal for a multilingual family

I'm going to live in Japan with my future wife. She is L1 (first language) korean speaker but lived in Japan for over 10 years making Japanese her L2 (second language). My own L1 language is German ...
5
votes
0answers
45 views

required standards for US domestic foreign language education

In reference to my earlier post, I'm going to be teaching foreign languages in some capacity and was advised by a board of education that I ought to understand and incorporate foreign language edu. ...