Questions tagged [learning-methods]

For questions about methods, techniques, and/or practices that assist in learning another language

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When learning a second language, should one choose a program focusing on grammar and structure or one that focuses on conversation?

I have a friend who wants to learn English and is debating between two different programs. One is more focused on conversations while the other is more focused on grammar, reading, and writing. Any ...
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What is an interactive and intuitive way to learn a language? [closed]

I'm trying to intuitively learn Spanish without too much grammar reading or conscious vocabulary memorizing. I understand listening and reading are some of the best ways to learn intuitively, but what'...
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What is the best manual (non-program) research-backed SRS spacing?

I am learning Japanese Kanji via Remembering the Kanji, but this question could apply to any vocab or grammar flashcard sets. I know that programs such an Anki have an algorithm that decides the best ...
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Spanish verb tenses cheat sheet?

This is rather embarrassing, but I lived in Spain for five years from the age 9 to 14, and I also went through their education system, but I still do not know when to use which of los tiempos verbales....
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What do Chinese students do with the lists of new characters in 语文 textbooks?

In my grade-3 语文 textbooks, we find lists of new characters which appear in the accompanying essay, such as the following: I'm curious as to what what Chinese students actually do with this. I ...
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Constructivism Learning Theory for English language teaching

Constructivism is a theory of learning to help the learners to construct something based on their own understanding. it implies that learners are encouraged to construct their own knowledge instead of ...
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What is the difference between EFL, language immersion, and CLIL?

EFL = English as a Foreign Language Language Immersion = ? CLIL = Content and Language Integrated Learning What are the basic differences between these three in terms of the role of L1 and L2, aims, ...
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When the Foreign Services Institute says “X class hours” are required, how many hours of self-study are assumed?

From the Foreign Language Training website, we find e.g.: The following language learning timelines reflect 70 years of experience in teaching languages to U.S. diplomats, and illustrate the time ...
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Learning to speak without thinking about grammar

I recently started learning (modern) Greek. As this is the first time I've tried to learn a second language, I have a question about learning to speak more naturally. Because Greek has such a ...
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How can one acquire a language just by listening without the visuals?

I have watched Stephen Krashen's talk on language acquisition. And I learnt that according to decades of research and experience, the best way to pick up a new language is to acquire - just like ...
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Struggling with learning, especially without outputting

I'm trying to learn Japanese, and I know quite a bit already (I used rtk to learn the meaning/ stroke order or about 2200 kanji, know over 1700 vocab, listen and watch a lot of videos constantly ...
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Language learning seems tough and a long process

English is not my mother tongue, but in my country it was compulsory for all the schools to teach their students English right from KinderGarten. I remember we used to have a picture book of English ...
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I have been reading a lot recently but how to improve my writing skills?

I am a working professional and English is my second language. I realised that my vocabulary is very weak so I started reading. I don't have enough patience to complete a novel so I started reading ...
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Problems teaching the 'gn' and 'gh' to an English learner

I'm teaching a French girl English (I'm not a qualified teacher, I'm more of a language assistant, I'm an English native, I'm at university at the moment). She is having trouble with pronouncing words ...
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1answer
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Should I learn Japanese pitch accent right from the start?

I just started learning Japanese regularly, and I was wondering if it's worth it to work on pitch accent while learning grammar and vocab or forget it for now and start working on it when I can speak ...
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Is there any such paper that shows passive listening helps language learning?

I have been searching on Google Scholar to find a paper presenting research results on whether passive listening helps learning a language, but I could not find any. Is there any such work that shows ...
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Best teaching method for student with minor Aphasia

What would be the best way to teach a student a secondary language if they have minor aphasia? The aphasia isn't bad enough that they are losing their first language, but it's making standard learning ...
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Are there study methods aimed in particular at Chinese measure words?

Chinese has many measure words(*); in the HSK vocabulary, there are at least: 个 本 次 件 把 只 位 条 张 辆 包 双 层 刻 场 份 遍 台 座 节 趟 篇 棵 所 根 首 片 套 支 群 颗 顿 圈 项 顶 匹 团 幅 批 册 届 朵 壶 卷 艘 栋 枚 幢 束 粒 番 枝 株 (There are ...
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Are there books written specifically for bilingual or polyglots (i.e. not for learning the language but for proficient speakers)?

I started an experiment a while back of writing a story with someone who speaks a different native language to me (but we are both able to speak English). I thought the idea of stories where if you ...
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Studying with reversed flashcards

I've been using my language vocab deck in one direction, by viewing the foreign word and translating it into my language and thinking of the physical thing. I'm wondering if studying the cards using ...
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Going from 9.5/10 to 10/10 in grammatical correctness in spoken English

I speak French natively, with a level of spoken English I would rate at around 9 or 9.5 out of 10, in terms of grammatical accuracy. (My written English is at least as good.) Problems I sometimes ...
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Approaches to conversational practice

I am a intermediate-advanced student in Spanish, B2 ish. I found some really amazing C1-C2 grammar books and I am using that in class with a teacher to study and review topics in order and it's great....
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Can you point me to any good resources for learning Sognamål Norwegian?

One of my favorite bands, Windir, are from Sogndal in Norway. For that reason, most of their songs are written in their native dialect, Sognamål. I have heard many Norwegians from other regions say ...
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Is it possible to become fluent in pre-12th century English?

I would really like to learn to speak Old English, but it seems that spelling and pronunciation weren't exactly standardized in the early medieval times. In fact, I'm not sure we know much about Old ...
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Improving vocabulary reading foreign language literature on ebook readers, how to export selected vocabulary into a spaced repetition app?

For improving my vocabulary I read favourite novels and short stories, preferredly in the original (target) language. When my level isn't quite up to it, I read a translation (be that English or ...
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How to remember a big list of grammar rules?

So the language I'm learning has a lot of endings. A lot. The suffixes for verbs and persons change based off of the word ending, the pronoun used, the object even, it's complicated. What it boils ...
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The “fully grammatical” approach towards learning Indo-European languages

I have stumbled upon this video on Youtube (sorry - it is in Russian). Here's a short summary: The spokesperson introduces the following scheme of learning an Indo-European language: "Learn by ...
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Learning Hindi as a speaker without first learning the writing system

My girlfriend is Indian and Hindi-speaking and I would like to learn some Hindi so to be able to talk with her using basic sentences and improve through speaking. I have been trying using Duolingo (...
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After stumbling upon a word in Chinese, how can I determine if it's worth studying?

Nowadays I'm reading opinion pieces and news articles in Chinese. I'm at a late-HSK5 level. I stumble upon many new words, too many to study them all, so I need prioritize some words and postpone ...
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How can I learn where a word begins and ends in Quranic Arabic?

Assalamualaikum. I know the entire Arabic alphabet, the 4 different shapes of letters. I have begun grammar but it is difficult. Remembering vocabulary is also difficult. But I have seen many people ...
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French pronunciation

I'm looking for a guide to master my French pronunciation. Ideally, pictures with proper tongue positioning inside the mouth. For now, after 10 years of living in a French-speaking country, I ...
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1answer
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How can I repurpose the time spent reading random stuff on the Internet to improve my Chinese?

This is my situation most days: I'm too tired to study Chinese... ...but it's too early to go to bed... ...I know, I'll read random stuff on the Internet. I feel like I could should be utilizing ...
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Modern grammar theories for serial language learning

When learning multiple foreign languages, would it be worthwhile investing time into mastering modern grammar theories (generative grammars, construction grammars, etc.) or are those too theoretical ...
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How do you learn to read Vietnamese using Chữ Nôm?

I am able to read Chinese characters, and have been exposed to Chữ Nôm, which is derived by amalgamating Chinese characters according to their meaning and pronunciation, so as to represent a Native ...
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Can Siri be used for foreign-language speaking and listening practice?

Siri seems to understand my Chinese, so I'm wondering if it's possible to talk with her in order to get speaking and listening practice. Currently, all I ever do is ask her for the weather. But it ...
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Creating flashcards for grammatical rules that requires a few steps of thought, such as SPOCK versus WEIRDO

If there's grammar rule that requires a couple of steps of thought in order to create the correct output, how do I put it into flashcards? For example, Spanish has (as well as imperative) the ...
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Characteristics or Preferences of Age Groups When Learning/Acquiring a Language

I've been looking for some research studies to get into more depth about the characteristics of age groups when learning a language. My main focus is on ages of 17 and 18 (basically, when teenagers ...
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I want to train myself to use the Chinese grammar particle 了 correctly: how do I go about doing that?

Motivation: In Chinese grammar, there's a particle 了 which has two main uses: completion 了 (post-verb) and change-of-state 了 (end of sentence). I'm bad at using this particle (see How does someone ...
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What are some of the most useful methods of teaching English grammar?

As a practising English teacher I have observed that teaching of grammar does not help the learners to speak or write fluently or even correctly especially in speech.only a few ...
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3answers
138 views

Must we start teaching reading and writing with the Alphabet?

It is common practice to start with the Alphabet of a language while teaching reading and writing. But some linguists I know say that we need not begin with the Alphabet but ...
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What strategies there are for learning a Romance language when I already know a Germanic language?

In a comment on another question, What is the difference between Germanic and Romance languages?, Robert Columbia wrote: There are actually known strategies for learning a language from one of ...
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How important is to find language exchange partner?

Currently, with all social networks and internet, it seems that everybody suggest [citation needed] that the primary way to learn a language is to find a language exchange partner. Beyond the obvious ...
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Polish affricates learning tips

I find Polish affricates extremely challenging, especially the juxtaposition of non-palatized and palatized affricates, e.g. dżem vs. dźwięk, ćma vs. czas. Any learning tips, e.g. using a widely ...
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Can a baby learn a new language by interacting with a foreign language speaker over skype?

A friend who took a linguistics class in college once told me that an infant can't learn a new language by sitting in front of a TV program because the TV program doesn't react to their facial ...
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Is the use of mother-tongue in the English class a boon or a bane?

I teach English in a government school where the medium of instruction is both English and the regional medium Telugu. The slow learners opt for Telugu medium and they are not able to follow my ...
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Is it difficult for the low proficiency learner to learn a second language like English?

As a teacher of English I have observed that any child acquires the first language naturally. But learning a second language like English seems to be very difficult for the low proficiency learners. ...
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Are learning and acquistion the same?

Many books on English Methodology treat learning and acquisiton synonymously. But I think they are different. Some professors I know say that they are different. Some others say they overlap and ...
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52 views

1 Month Curriculum For Learning Spanish Conversationally

I have set a goal to learn Spanish at a conversational level in 1 month, with 2 prior years of experience at a traditional highschool, with information retained but still not able to hold a ...
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154 views

When studying Japanese, how much should I be able to retain at the end of a Genki textbook chapter (Self-study concerns)?

I've been studying Japanese since about January using the Genki second edition workbook and textbook. I try to get in an hour session each day but I have been a little on and off with it; I think its ...
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63 views

How can I learn to speak in SOV when my L1 is SVO?

I have been learning Hindi for almost 2 years, and my mother tongue is English. I find that I can understand things in Hindi that I read or hear, and I have a working vocabulary, but I struggle to ...

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