Questions tagged [grammar]

The grammar of a language defines the way in which its sentences are constructed by establishing its structure, syntax, and morphology

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1answer
10 views

Fairly big (passive) vocabulary but awkward sentences (English)

English is my SL. I posses a fairly decent vocabulary, but the sentences I produce in everyday interactions tend to be a bit awkward. My sentences are unnatural, I say things that normally you would ...
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0answers
9 views

Japanese question is 「あなたと彼女は親戚ですか?」 and 「あなたは彼女の親戚はありますか?」have the same meaning [migrated]

the first one translates to are 「are you and her related」does the second mean the same? also can the 「あなた」be dropped from both of these sentences
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0answers
35 views

How to relearn English grammar

I am learning Arabic grammar as a hobby, and so far I’ve learned how to form simple sentences and phrases, as well as the types of nouns, verbs, and particles. While learning Arabic grammar from ...
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0answers
17 views

How to master English prepositions?

I have been trying to learn English prepositions so many times but so far I have failed. It is the only thing that gives me so much pain. I have watched so many movies or videos and also read many ...
5
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0answers
51 views

Do Romanian nouns use the same gender as corresponding Latin nouns?

Both Latin and Romanian have three noun genders - masculine, feminine, neuter. What is the level of correspondence between genders in these two languages? That is, do the same words use the same ...
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3answers
940 views

When studying German, how much time should be spent on learning grammar rules vs. vocabulary?

How much time do I need to give to learning grammar rules versus vocabulary while studying German, or is it possible to speak a foreign language without needing to learn grammar rules?
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2answers
124 views

How to remember a big list of grammar rules?

So the language I'm learning has a lot of endings. A lot. The suffixes for verbs and persons change based off of the word ending, the pronoun used, the object even, it's complicated. What it boils ...
2
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2answers
1k views

What's the most complete book on English grammar?

I'm a foreigner who has never studied an English grammar book before and who now has the necessity to not only study the topic, but to know everything a good speaker should know. For this reason I ...
2
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1answer
54 views

In what order should English grammar be revised?

I am currently 3rd in my college and I am planning to prepare for competitive exams. I plan to revise my English grammar as I sometimes find sentences wrong, mainly because of grammatical mistakes. As ...
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3answers
3k views

What resources are there for learning Toki Pona?

I recently started using Memrise to learn Toki Pona, because I find that language to be very interesting. Memrise is indeed useful regarding vocabulary, but I think it is not enough. Are there other ...
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0answers
34 views

How to find advanced descriptive grammars written by PhDs in linguistics?

I'll exemplify with Spanish. I'm not seeking books like John Butt, Carmen Benjamin's A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish, now in its 2018 6 ed. Academia Real's Gramática de la lengua española, ...
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2answers
36 views

How to understand prepositions in German properly?

I'm currently stuck with prepositions in German, because I can't find a good English approach to them. Take the word, von, as an example. It means "from, about, by" -- according to this ...
4
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1answer
88 views

Spanish vs Russian rules

I am a native English speaker, and I also speak Spanish with a decent accent having lived in Spain for years. For example I know how to roll my 'r' letters the Spanish way. I have decided to learn ...
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0answers
37 views

Russian Book Recommendations - Self Study

I’m looking for books to learn Russian, specifically the overall grammar “rules”: conjugations, declensions, etc. Level: Beginner up to advanced. The books should be for self study. For reference, I ...
5
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2answers
51 views

Looking for a book or class to help me perfect my already fairly good English

I'm really struggling to write properly in English. I'm making a lot of mistakes. Thus, I'm looking for a book to enhance my skills. Unfortunately, everything I found so far explains in detail what is ...
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0answers
33 views

How to explain certain grammar constructs to ESL students

How do I explain to someone whose first language is not English the following concept: If I want to ask you about something, the phrase is "How does it work?" If I am about to explain how ...
3
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0answers
30 views

Is there any evidence based on research that reading certain types of texts can be harmful to your language learning?

I've been learning Italian for some years (at present my level is C1): during that time I've been essentially a self-learner, with the exception of a few months, and I've been a quite active user of ...
4
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2answers
91 views

Does memorizing French verb conjugations with the sound of English characters have negative impact in the future?

I'm struggling to memorize the verb conjugation in French as different conjugations are pronounced the same but the characters are different. For example, I tend to write the following sentence: Nous ...
10
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1answer
98 views

Grammar and language learning books/software for Irish

I am currently learning Irish with the help of the Android application "Duolingo". It doesn't teach me the grammar; it works with translating sentences. I don't think the app is very useful; ...
3
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2answers
146 views

Can English people understand my English even if I do not use English grammar, but just words, adverbs and context?

I would say English language is way too difficult because of its grammar. For example, we have to conjugate many different tenses. Other languages such as Vietnamese do not conjugate tenses. For ...
6
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2answers
86 views

Going from 9.5/10 to 10/10 in grammatical correctness in spoken English

I speak French natively, with a level of spoken English I would rate at around 9 or 9.5 out of 10, in terms of grammatical accuracy. (My written English is at least as good.) Problems I sometimes ...
4
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0answers
83 views

The "fully grammatical" approach towards learning Indo-European languages

I have stumbled upon this video on Youtube (sorry - it is in Russian). Here's a short summary: The spokesperson introduces the following scheme of learning an Indo-European language: "Learn by ...
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0answers
60 views

Modern grammar theories for serial language learning

When learning multiple foreign languages, would it be worthwhile investing time into mastering modern grammar theories (generative grammars, construction grammars, etc.) or are those too theoretical ...
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2answers
918 views

Is it possible to learn grammar through spaced repetition, and if yes, how?

Spaced repetition is mostly used for learning vocabulary, but learning vocabulary is not all there is to learning a foreign language. Grammar also needs to be acquired, one way or another. Since doing ...
3
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1answer
60 views

Creating flashcards for grammatical rules that requires a few steps of thought, such as SPOCK versus WEIRDO

If there's grammar rule that requires a couple of steps of thought in order to create the correct output, how do I put it into flashcards? For example, Spanish has (as well as imperative) the ...
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2answers
93 views

What are some of the most useful methods of teaching English grammar?

As a practising English teacher I have observed that teaching of grammar does not help the learners to speak or write fluently or even correctly especially in speech.only a few ...
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1answer
38 views

Reflexive and possessive pronouns in Swedish [closed]

Consider the following in Swedish: Mannen har en katt. Hans katt äter sin mat. My question is, whose food is the cat eating? Is the cat eating the cat's food, or the man's food? My understanding is ...
4
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2answers
53 views

How can I find the correct word order for Marshallese sentences?

I am trying to make a set of cards (for the card game "Kloo") in the Marshallese language. It's basically color-coded for noun, verbs, etc... to be placed in a certain order. How do I discover the ...
3
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0answers
34 views

Spanish reading passages with a focus on specific grammar

Is there such a thing as reading passages where the passage has been specifically created with a focus on a specific part of grammar? If so, what are they called, and where can I find them? I'm ...
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1answer
28 views

Why we could say "I did it my way"? [closed]

I guess we usually say "I did it in this way", but I can find such below: 1. "I did it my way"; 2. "Everthing he achieved in life was earned the hard way". so we can just omit the "in"?
3
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0answers
28 views

Quickly creating flashcards with sentences for conjugations in Spanish

In the book "Fluent Forever" (related blog post here), Wyner suggests using sentences to learn conjugations of verbs. For example, to learn the conjugation of "to be", for each form of the conjugation ...
4
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1answer
86 views

Grammar books with exercises and answer key for autonomous study of Italian

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Italian that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Italian, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

How can I learn to speak in SOV when my L1 is SVO?

I have been learning Hindi for almost 2 years, and my mother tongue is English. I find that I can understand things in Hindi that I read or hear, and I have a working vocabulary, but I struggle to ...
4
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1answer
528 views

Grammar book for Russian B2-C1 exam preparation

I would like to review Russian grammar for passing the entry exams at a Russian university. Can you please suggest books where I can find structured chapters on Russian grammar? UPDATE I can ...
7
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2answers
100 views

Should I correct my grammar mistakes or just ignore them while practice speaking?

While practice speaking a foreign language, I often find myself make a mistake during the speech and correct it immediately. The mistakes usually come from grammar, which I rarely do in writing. For ...
4
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2answers
73 views

What types of resources can a native speaker of Dutch use to teach Dutch grammar to non-native speakers?

Most native speakers aren't linguists, so they may get stumped when non-native speakers ask them grammar questions. So what types of resources can a native speaker of Dutch use to teach Dutch grammar ...
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5answers
196 views

Are there learning resources to drill my Dutch?

When I was learning English we used lots of exercises that were referred to as use of English, which help you train some particular grammar. Now, I am learning Dutch and most of the exercises ...
6
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2answers
574 views

German grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for German that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in German, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in German ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

What book(s) to read in order to learn letter-sound correspondence in English?

Someone advised me to go to the wikipedia page on "English Ortography" but in the references there are so many books that I don't know which to choose. In the same page there is also a list of letter-...
7
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3answers
168 views

Is there evidence that languages with complex grammar take longer to learn as a mother tongue?

This question is about learning to speak a language as a mother tongue (i.e., from birth (L1), not as a second language (L2)). Some languages have more grammar rules than others (number of cases, ...
9
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2answers
153 views

Why learn English grammar first? Just gets in the way

I watch Thai kids learning grammar; they can diagram English sentences at age twelve but almost tremble with fear when addressed with "How are you?" (as often as not they say "I am 12 years old.") My ...
4
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1answer
121 views

Question about Macedonian Grammar

I'm trying to learn Macedonian and one if the resources out there was paraphrased as saying the following about the Macedonian language: Belamaric-Wilsey says that the majority of Macedonian-...
6
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2answers
97 views

How can an advanced learner in an FL context get rid of grammatical errors?

Imagine someone who learnt foreign language (FL) from the same language family as his native language (L1) for three years at secondary school and then continued studying this language at university. ...
7
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1answer
96 views

How do natives write without knowing grammar rules?

Grammar is boring, but how can native speakers write academically, without mistakes, without knowing the grammar rules they learnt in high school? Most natives learn grammar when they are in school, ...
8
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2answers
1k views

List of Chinese "verb plus object" verbs?

In Chinese, many verbs consist of two characters. However, not all two-character verbs function in the same way. One category of two-character verbs consists of verbs where the two characters cannot ...
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1answer
40 views

What are the characteristics of the Macedonian language in this quote referring to? [closed]

I'm trying to learn Macedonian and one if the resources out there was paraphrased as saying the following about the Macedonian language: Belamaric-Wilsey says that the majority of Macedonian-...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Grammar books with exercises and answer key for autonomous study of Dutch

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Dutch that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Dutch, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in Spanish (...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

English grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study (A2 - B2)

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for English (as a second/foreign language) that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in English, i.e. all grammar rules ...
6
votes
1answer
971 views

French grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study (A2 - B2)

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for French that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in French, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in French ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

Spanish grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Spanish that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Spanish, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...