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Questions tagged [grammar]

The grammar of a language defines the way in which its sentences are constructed by establishing its structure, syntax, and morphology

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19 views

Understanding word placement in German [migrated]

I am confused as to the placement of “noch” in the sentence : “Aber ich will noch nicht schlafen”. I’m aware the whole sentence means “but I don’t want to sleep yet” but putting “noch” in the middle ...
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1answer
26 views

What are the characteristics of the Macedonian language in this quote referring to? [closed]

I'm trying to learn Macedonian and one if the resources out there was paraphrased as saying the following about the Macedonian language: Belamaric-Wilsey says that the majority of Macedonian-...
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0answers
16 views

Grammar books with exercises and answer key for autonomous study of Italian

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Italian that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Italian, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...
3
votes
1answer
16 views

Grammar books with exercises and answer key for autonomous study of Dutch

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Dutch that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Dutch, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in Spanish (...
2
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0answers
11 views

English grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study (A2 - B2)

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for English (as a second/foreign language) that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in English, i.e. all grammar rules ...
6
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1answer
33 views

French grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study (A2 - B2)

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for French that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in French, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in French ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

German grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for German that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in German, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in German ...
4
votes
0answers
29 views

Spanish grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Spanish that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Spanish, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...
8
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0answers
54 views

How to practice honorifics?

Japanese has honorifics (敬語 - "keigo"), a feature of which my native language English is devoid. For example, there is different vocabulary and grammar to use when speaking to a social superior, about ...
3
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0answers
26 views

Sufficient grammar for a particular purpose

When I travel I enjoy trying to learn as much of the language as possible before I go. However, I often focus strongly on vocabulary, since I find that it's the most useful if I only have a short ...
7
votes
2answers
114 views

Is there evidence that languages with complex grammar take longer to learn as a mother tongue?

This question is about learning to speak a language as a mother tongue (i.e., from birth (L1), not as a second language (L2)). Some languages have more grammar rules than others (number of cases, ...
2
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1answer
45 views

What types of resources can a native speaker of Dutch use to teach Dutch grammar to non-native speakers?

Most native speakers aren't linguists, so they may get stumped when non-native speakers ask them grammar questions. So what types of resources can a native speaker of Dutch use to teach Dutch grammar ...
5
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1answer
79 views

How to learn conjugations?

Perhaps it's because I'm still not very familiar with Russian but I often find myself using the wrong conjugation for specific verbs. How do I go about memorizing those? I thought about drawing a ...
4
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2answers
86 views

Is it possible to learn grammar through spaced repetition, and if yes, how?

Spaced repetition is mostly used for learning vocabulary, but learning vocabulary is not all there is to learning a foreign language. Grammar also needs to be acquired, one way or another. Since doing ...
7
votes
1answer
265 views

French Grammar Book B1/B2

Salut! My French is currently around level B1+ and I'm planning on spending 2-3 months in a French-speaking country and fully commit myself to improving my abilities. The goal is to have quite good ...
3
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1answer
36 views

Book or other resources on activities for teaching Chinese grammar?

I am looking for a book or other resources about tasks and activities for teaching Chinese grammar. There are book on teaching English grammar, e.g. Task-based grammar teaching of English by Susanne ...
6
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2answers
55 views

What should I focus on if I only have 10-20 minutes a day, with speaking practice once a week?

I have a friend who is willing to help me speaking a relatively rare language here in the U.S. (Afaan Oromo) once a week over the phone. When I was calling him regularly several months ago, I would ...
4
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0answers
25 views

What can teachers do to promote or increase mastery of 把 structures in Standard Chinese?

Each lesson in the Chinese series of texbooks New Practical Chinese Reader contains a section entitled "Master the following phrases". Below are a few examples from lesson 16 (in volume 2): 现在就去 - ...
9
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1answer
53 views

Grammar and language learning books/software (Irish)

I am currently learning Irish with the help of the Android application "Duolingo". It doesn't teach me the grammar; it works with translating sentences. I don't think the app is very useful; I tried ...
13
votes
3answers
185 views

How to make vocabulary acquisition fun?

I have been learning French for around 2.5 years. I am currently around the B1 level and have attained this by practising reading, writing and speaking and basically immersion. But one of the biggest ...
7
votes
1answer
100 views

List of Chinese “verb plus object” verbs?

In Chinese, many verbs consist of two characters. However, not all two-character verbs function in the same way. One category of two-character verbs consists of verbs where the two characters cannot ...
8
votes
2answers
63 views

Identifying cases by rephrasing to a question – is this any useful for language learners?

Background The German language has cases, but for many words some or all cases are identical. However, interrogatives are distinct for each case. Therefore native speakers often identify the case of ...
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0answers
47 views

How and where can I begin learning grammar and syntax in their most abstract form?

I am interested in learning grammar and syntax. I use those words because that's what I learned in middle school, perhaps what I'm really trying to learn is more aptly described by the term '...
8
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4answers
117 views

Are there learning resources to drill my Dutch?

When I was learning English we used lots of exercises that were referred to as use of English, which help you train some particular grammar. Now, I am learning Dutch and most of the exercises ...
5
votes
2answers
63 views

How can an advanced learner in an FL context get rid of grammatical errors?

Imagine someone who learnt foreign language (FL) from the same language family as his native language (L1) for three years at secondary school and then continued studying this language at university. ...
7
votes
3answers
682 views

How can I put grammar rules into flashcards?

Putting vocabulary into flashcards is (relatively) a no-brainer: word -> translation, translation -> word. (Yes, it can be more complicated than that, but that's the gist of it.) Grammar rules, on ...
8
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1answer
73 views

Are second languages processed the same way as first languages?

Everyone who is cognitively normal is capable of learning a language natively. The fact that humans seem to have an innate capacity to learn any natural language is one of the underlying principles of ...
6
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3answers
288 views

When studying German, how much time should be spent on learning grammar rules vs. vocabulary?

How much time do I need to give to learning grammar rules versus vocabulary while studying German, or is it possible to speak a foreign language without needing to learn grammar rules?
7
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2answers
105 views

How can I speak in impromptu situations without organizing my thoughts beforehand but still communicate properly?

I have a problem that has been bothering me since I became conscious of it. I am not fluent in my speech. This has really affected my confidence such that I'm not able to speak in impromptu situations,...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

How does the existence of a separate present progressive tense affect the learnability of a foreign language?

In English, the present progressive tense has its own distinguished syntax. For example, the present progressive I am writing differs from the simple present tense I write. On the other hand, in ...
7
votes
1answer
66 views

How does the existence of a case system affect the learnability of a foreign language?

Case is a grammatical category that can be found in Slavic languages, Finnic languages, Greek, Japanese, Tamil, etc. (The Finnic language Veps apparently has 23 grammatical cases, and tops even ...
6
votes
1answer
93 views

Is there any research on the effectiveness of learning verb tables?

I own books with verb tables for French, German and Spanish, i.e. for several languages with rather elaborate verb conjugations. At school, I was made to learn such conjugations for French verbs and ...
18
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3answers
418 views

What resources are there for learning Toki Pona?

I recently started using Memrise to learn Toki Pona, because I find that language to be very interesting. Memrise is indeed useful regarding vocabulary, but I think it is not enough. Are there other ...
7
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2answers
79 views

Is there an online resource to exchange grammar corrections in one's native and target languages?

I have a text written in English (scientific). I want to ask somebody to give me some advice in writing and grammar. I have time to do the same for other persons in Spanish, my native language. Is ...
8
votes
1answer
139 views

What resources can I use to master German word order?

There are a number of tricky parts to learning German, but for this question I'm particularly concerned about word order. I'm using Duolingo and I often miss questions where this is the only thing I ...
8
votes
3answers
83 views

Slightly Incomplete Sequential Acquisition, Possible to Fix?

I have had my first exposure to English at about six years of age (and have used it ever since), and I generally consider myself a native speaker since I use it a lot (even if this is probably ...
5
votes
3answers
91 views

Explain contemporary high-school language teaching to me [closed]

I do appreciate the answer to this question varies on where you are in the world but I'm happy to hear of different approaches from different countries. I'd be particularly interested in responses ...
4
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1answer
51 views

What strategies can students use to learn grammar when studying independently? [closed]

I would never advise students to focus mostly on grammar, but spending some time focused on grammar can be useful (Paul Nation recommends spending 25% of time focused on language, including grammar ...
9
votes
2answers
89 views

What are the advantages of tables with declension endings to study a declension system?

Update: What I'm asking is if there's any evidence in the field of language learning stating if a mere table with declensions is useful for learning those declensions. This is opposed to the usual ...
5
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0answers
55 views

Is there evidence that supports the idea that vocabulary is more important than grammar in conversation? [duplicate]

"Focus on your vocabulary first, then fix your grammar." This is a maxim that has been drilled into my head over several years of my Spanish teachers saying this, but is there really any truth to ...
12
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2answers
70 views

Strategies to deal with declensions

Languages like German or Russian have declensions. However my native language does not have those declensions, and thus I have a hard time understanding their “point”, that is their added meaning and ...
21
votes
4answers
497 views

Is doing a huge amount of grammar exercises helpful for learning English?

Some books that teach English come with pages and pages of grammar exercises. Are these helpful? I see that a few exercises are helpful to help you understanding the grammar. However, after that, ...