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Questions tagged [grammar]

The grammar of a language defines the way in which its sentences are constructed by establishing its structure, syntax, and morphology

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5 views

WH questions to sentences with infinitive [on hold]

For examples I have a sentence "We decided to start smth. at Monday" How to ask a when-questions to "decide" and "start"? Thank you for advance!
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35 views

What are some of the most useful methods of teaching English grammar?

As a practising English teacher I have observed that teaching of grammar does not help the learners to speak or write fluently or even correctly especially in speech.only a few ...
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1answer
11 views

Grammar “I work on a project at the moment” [closed]

I would appreciate a linguist/researcher`s response to my question: is it possible/correct to use the Simple Present with "at the moment" ? e.g. "I work on a project at the moment"
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What is the correct tense of a verb in a subordinate clause of the if-clause of a conditional sentence? [closed]

I would like to know which is the correct one of the two (incomplete) sentences below: a. If we decided to use a genuinely neutral notation in which the symbols did not carry any information, then we ...
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2answers
49 views

How can I find the correct word order for Marshallese sentences?

I am trying to make a set of cards (for the card game "Kloo") in the Marshallese language. It's basically color-coded for noun, verbs, etc... to be placed in a certain order. How do I discover the ...
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0answers
27 views

Spanish reading passages with a focus on specific grammar

Is there such a thing as reading passages where the passage has been specifically created with a focus on a specific part of grammar? If so, what are they called, and where can I find them? I'm ...
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1answer
23 views

Why we could say “I did it my way”? [closed]

I guess we usually say "I did it in this way", but I can find such below: 1. "I did it my way"; 2. "Everthing he achieved in life was earned the hard way". so we can just omit the "in"?
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Quickly creating flashcards with sentences for conjugations in Spanish

In the book "Fluent Forever" (related blog post here), Wyner suggests using sentences to learn conjugations of verbs. For example, to learn the conjugation of "to be", for each form of the conjugation ...
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1answer
44 views

How can I learn to speak in SOV when my L1 is SVO?

I have been learning Hindi for almost 2 years, and my mother tongue is English. I find that I can understand things in Hindi that I read or hear, and I have a working vocabulary, but I struggle to ...
3
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2answers
104 views

Can English people understand my English even if I do not use English grammar, but just words, adverbs and context?

I would say English language is way too difficult because of its grammar. For example, we have to conjugate many different tenses. Other languages such as Vietnamese do not conjugate tenses. For ...
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2answers
79 views

Should I correct my grammar mistakes or just ignore them while practice speaking?

While practice speaking a foreign language, I often find myself make a mistake during the speech and correct it immediately. The mistakes usually come from grammar, which I rarely do in writing. For ...
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1answer
89 views

What's the most complete book on English grammar?

I'm a foreigner who has never studied an English grammar book before and who now has the necessity to not only study the topic, but to know everything a good speaker should know. For this reason I ...
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31 views

What book(s) to read in order to learn letter-sound correspondence in English?

Someone advised me to go to the wikipedia page on "English Ortography" but in the references there are so many books that I don't know which to choose. In the same page there is also a list of letter-...
4
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1answer
188 views

Grammar book for Russian B2-C1 exam preparation

I would like to review Russian grammar for passing the entry exams at a Russian university. Can you please suggest books where I can find structured chapters on Russian grammar? UPDATE I can ...
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2answers
120 views

Why learn English grammar first? Just gets in the way

I watch Thai kids learning grammar; they can diagram English sentences at age twelve but almost tremble with fear when addressed with "How are you?" (as often as not they say "I am 12 years old.") My ...
7
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1answer
81 views

How do natives write without knowing grammar rules?

Grammar is boring, but how can native speakers write academically, without mistakes, without knowing the grammar rules they learnt in high school? Most natives learn grammar when they are in school, ...
4
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1answer
49 views

Does memorizing French verb conjugations with its English characters sound have negative impact in the future?

I'm struggling to memorize the verb conjugation in French as different conjugations are pronounced the same but the characters are different. For example, I tend to write the following sentence: ...
4
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1answer
29 views

Question about Macedonian Grammar

I'm trying to learn Macedonian and one if the resources out there was paraphrased as saying the following about the Macedonian language: Belamaric-Wilsey says that the majority of Macedonian-...
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1answer
35 views

What are the characteristics of the Macedonian language in this quote referring to? [closed]

I'm trying to learn Macedonian and one if the resources out there was paraphrased as saying the following about the Macedonian language: Belamaric-Wilsey says that the majority of Macedonian-...
4
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1answer
34 views

Grammar books with exercises and answer key for autonomous study of Italian

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Italian that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Italian, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...
3
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1answer
31 views

Grammar books with exercises and answer key for autonomous study of Dutch

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Dutch that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Dutch, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in Spanish (...
3
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0answers
24 views

English grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study (A2 - B2)

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for English (as a second/foreign language) that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in English, i.e. all grammar rules ...
6
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1answer
202 views

French grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study (A2 - B2)

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for French that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in French, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in French ...
6
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2answers
181 views

German grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for German that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in German, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in German ...
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0answers
45 views

Spanish grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Spanish that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Spanish, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...
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0answers
66 views

How to practice honorifics?

Japanese has honorifics (敬語 - "keigo"), a feature of which my native language English is devoid. For example, there is different vocabulary and grammar to use when speaking to a social superior, about ...
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0answers
30 views

Sufficient grammar for a particular purpose

When I travel I enjoy trying to learn as much of the language as possible before I go. However, I often focus strongly on vocabulary, since I find that it's the most useful if I only have a short ...
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3answers
157 views

Is there evidence that languages with complex grammar take longer to learn as a mother tongue?

This question is about learning to speak a language as a mother tongue (i.e., from birth (L1), not as a second language (L2)). Some languages have more grammar rules than others (number of cases, ...
4
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2answers
59 views

What types of resources can a native speaker of Dutch use to teach Dutch grammar to non-native speakers?

Most native speakers aren't linguists, so they may get stumped when non-native speakers ask them grammar questions. So what types of resources can a native speaker of Dutch use to teach Dutch grammar ...
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1answer
177 views

How to learn conjugations?

Perhaps it's because I'm still not very familiar with Russian but I often find myself using the wrong conjugation for specific verbs. How do I go about memorizing those? I thought about drawing a ...
4
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2answers
232 views

Is it possible to learn grammar through spaced repetition, and if yes, how?

Spaced repetition is mostly used for learning vocabulary, but learning vocabulary is not all there is to learning a foreign language. Grammar also needs to be acquired, one way or another. Since doing ...
9
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1answer
475 views

French Grammar Book B1/B2

Salut! My French is currently around level B1+ and I'm planning on spending 2-3 months in a French-speaking country and fully commit myself to improving my abilities. The goal is to have quite good ...
3
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1answer
47 views

Book or other resources on activities for teaching Chinese grammar?

I am looking for a book or other resources about tasks and activities for teaching Chinese grammar. There are book on teaching English grammar, e.g. Task-based grammar teaching of English by Susanne ...
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2answers
56 views

What should I focus on if I only have 10-20 minutes a day, with speaking practice once a week?

I have a friend who is willing to help me speaking a relatively rare language here in the U.S. (Afaan Oromo) once a week over the phone. When I was calling him regularly several months ago, I would ...
4
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0answers
39 views

What can teachers do to promote or increase mastery of 把 structures in Standard Chinese?

Each lesson in the Chinese series of texbooks New Practical Chinese Reader contains a section entitled "Master the following phrases". Below are a few examples from lesson 16 (in volume 2): 现在就去 - ...
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1answer
62 views

Grammar and language learning books/software (Irish)

I am currently learning Irish with the help of the Android application "Duolingo". It doesn't teach me the grammar; it works with translating sentences. I don't think the app is very useful; I tried ...
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2answers
264 views

List of Chinese “verb plus object” verbs?

In Chinese, many verbs consist of two characters. However, not all two-character verbs function in the same way. One category of two-character verbs consists of verbs where the two characters cannot ...
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2answers
67 views

Identifying cases by rephrasing to a question – is this any useful for language learners?

Background The German language has cases, but for many words some or all cases are identical. However, interrogatives are distinct for each case. Therefore native speakers often identify the case of ...
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0answers
54 views

How and where can I begin learning grammar and syntax in their most abstract form?

I am interested in learning grammar and syntax. I use those words because that's what I learned in middle school, perhaps what I'm really trying to learn is more aptly described by the term '...
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5answers
146 views

Are there learning resources to drill my Dutch?

When I was learning English we used lots of exercises that were referred to as use of English, which help you train some particular grammar. Now, I am learning Dutch and most of the exercises ...
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2answers
81 views

How can an advanced learner in an FL context get rid of grammatical errors?

Imagine someone who learnt foreign language (FL) from the same language family as his native language (L1) for three years at secondary school and then continued studying this language at university. ...
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3answers
1k views

How can I put grammar rules into flashcards?

Putting vocabulary into flashcards is (relatively) a no-brainer: word -> translation, translation -> word. (Yes, it can be more complicated than that, but that's the gist of it.) Grammar rules, on ...
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1answer
82 views

Are second languages processed the same way as first languages?

Everyone who is cognitively normal is capable of learning a language natively. The fact that humans seem to have an innate capacity to learn any natural language is one of the underlying principles of ...
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3answers
389 views

When studying German, how much time should be spent on learning grammar rules vs. vocabulary?

How much time do I need to give to learning grammar rules versus vocabulary while studying German, or is it possible to speak a foreign language without needing to learn grammar rules?
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2answers
114 views

How can I speak in impromptu situations without organizing my thoughts beforehand but still communicate properly?

I have a problem that has been bothering me since I became conscious of it. I am not fluent in my speech. This has really affected my confidence such that I'm not able to speak in impromptu situations,...
3
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1answer
53 views

How does the existence of a separate present progressive tense affect the learnability of a foreign language?

In English, the present progressive tense has its own distinguished syntax. For example, the present progressive I am writing differs from the simple present tense I write. On the other hand, in ...
7
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1answer
74 views

How does the existence of a case system affect the learnability of a foreign language?

Case is a grammatical category that can be found in Slavic languages, Finnic languages, Greek, Japanese, Tamil, etc. (The Finnic language Veps apparently has 23 grammatical cases, and tops even ...
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1answer
99 views

Is there any research on the effectiveness of learning verb tables?

I own books with verb tables for French, German and Spanish, i.e. for several languages with rather elaborate verb conjugations. At school, I was made to learn such conjugations for French verbs and ...
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3answers
558 views

What resources are there for learning Toki Pona?

I recently started using Memrise to learn Toki Pona, because I find that language to be very interesting. Memrise is indeed useful regarding vocabulary, but I think it is not enough. Are there other ...
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2answers
87 views

Is there an online resource to exchange grammar corrections in one's native and target languages?

I have a text written in English (scientific). I want to ask somebody to give me some advice in writing and grammar. I have time to do the same for other persons in Spanish, my native language. Is ...