Questions tagged [grammar]

The grammar of a language defines the way in which its sentences are constructed by establishing its structure, syntax, and morphology

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Usage of would for conditional with only result-clause [migrated]

In all the resources that I have seen, I always find that would for conditional 2 and 3 is made up of a sentence with if-clause (or similar) and result clause (would). But then I find many phrases ...
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When we can use both tenses present perfect and present perfect continuous and when not? [migrated]

Here are examples from English File work book. In these cases we can use both tenses present perfect and present perfect continuous: How long has Mark played the bass guitar? How long has Mark been ...
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Improving English language at B1 level

I'm an English learner, starting from two years ago and with self-study and want to know how? Just with Google Translate when reading articles and translating words I don't know, and after some time I ...
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2 votes
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How is it possible to have 'standardized' test of languages?

In the comments of this question I askeda, an interesting point was raised in an exchange between two users: When teaching the language, you have to say which answer is gonna get accepted in the FCE ...
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How to write an actionable sentence in the Dutch language?

I'm trying to improve my GTD system and a recurring suggested theme is to make your goals actionable. Things like "Repair laptop, cleanup kitchen, buy milk, call mother' all start with the verb ...
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How do I learn literature and grammar of English, Farsi and Japanese and become fluent?

I'm planning to become a translator and I can already understand, read and write Farsi and English and don't know Japanese. for Japanese, I'm Studying Genki volumes and Japanese from zero books, I've ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Fairly big (passive) vocabulary but awkward sentences (English)

English is my SL. I posses a fairly decent vocabulary, but the sentences I produce in everyday interactions tend to be a bit awkward. My sentences are unnatural, I say things that normally you would ...
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1 vote
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How to relearn English grammar

I am learning Arabic grammar as a hobby, and so far I’ve learned how to form simple sentences and phrases, as well as the types of nouns, verbs, and particles. While learning Arabic grammar from ...
3 votes
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How to master English prepositions?

I have been trying to learn English prepositions so many times but so far I have failed. It is the only thing that gives me so much pain. I have watched so many movies or videos and also read many ...
2 votes
1 answer
63 views

In what order should English grammar be revised?

I am currently 3rd in my college and I am planning to prepare for competitive exams. I plan to revise my English grammar as I sometimes find sentences wrong, mainly because of grammatical mistakes. As ...
1 vote
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How to find advanced descriptive grammars written by PhDs in linguistics?

I'll exemplify with Spanish. I'm not seeking books like John Butt, Carmen Benjamin's A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish, now in its 2018 6 ed. Academia Real's Gramática de la lengua española, ...
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5 votes
2 answers
47 views

How to understand prepositions in German properly?

I'm currently stuck with prepositions in German, because I can't find a good English approach to them. Take the word, von, as an example. It means "from, about, by" -- according to this ...
5 votes
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Do Romanian nouns use the same gender as corresponding Latin nouns?

Both Latin and Romanian have three noun genders - masculine, feminine, neuter. What is the level of correspondence between genders in these two languages? That is, do the same words use the same ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Spanish vs Russian rules

I am a native English speaker, and I also speak Spanish with a decent accent having lived in Spain for years. For example I know how to roll my 'r' letters the Spanish way. I have decided to learn ...
2 votes
0 answers
69 views

Russian Book Recommendations - Self Study

I’m looking for books to learn Russian, specifically the overall grammar “rules”: conjugations, declensions, etc. Level: Beginner up to advanced. The books should be for self study. For reference, I ...
5 votes
2 answers
60 views

Looking for a book or class to help me perfect my already fairly good English

I'm really struggling to write properly in English. I'm making a lot of mistakes. Thus, I'm looking for a book to enhance my skills. Unfortunately, everything I found so far explains in detail what is ...
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1 vote
0 answers
48 views

How to explain certain grammar constructs to ESL students

How do I explain to someone whose first language is not English the following concept: If I want to ask you about something, the phrase is "How does it work?" If I am about to explain how ...
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3 votes
0 answers
32 views

Is there any evidence based on research that reading certain types of texts can be harmful to your language learning?

I've been learning Italian for some years (at present my level is C1): during that time I've been essentially a self-learner, with the exception of a few months, and I've been a quite active user of ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Going from 9.5/10 to 10/10 in grammatical correctness in spoken English

I speak French natively, with a level of spoken English I would rate at around 9 or 9.5 out of 10, in terms of grammatical accuracy. (My written English is at least as good.) Problems I sometimes ...
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3 votes
3 answers
227 views

How to remember a big list of grammar rules?

So the language I'm learning has a lot of endings. A lot. The suffixes for verbs and persons change based off of the word ending, the pronoun used, the object even, it's complicated. What it boils ...
4 votes
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The "fully grammatical" approach towards learning Indo-European languages

I have stumbled upon this video on Youtube (sorry - it is in Russian). Here's a short summary: The spokesperson introduces the following scheme of learning an Indo-European language: "Learn by ...
3 votes
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Modern grammar theories for serial language learning

When learning multiple foreign languages, would it be worthwhile investing time into mastering modern grammar theories (generative grammars, construction grammars, etc.) or are those too theoretical ...
3 votes
1 answer
92 views

Creating flashcards for grammatical rules that requires a few steps of thought, such as SPOCK versus WEIRDO

If there's grammar rule that requires a couple of steps of thought in order to create the correct output, how do I put it into flashcards? For example, Spanish has (as well as imperative) the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Reflexive and possessive pronouns in Swedish [closed]

Consider the following in Swedish: Mannen har en katt. Hans katt äter sin mat. My question is, whose food is the cat eating? Is the cat eating the cat's food, or the man's food? My understanding is ...
2 votes
2 answers
108 views

What are some of the most useful methods of teaching English grammar?

As a practising English teacher I have observed that teaching of grammar does not help the learners to speak or write fluently or even correctly especially in speech.only a few ...
4 votes
2 answers
66 views

How can I find the correct word order for Marshallese sentences?

I am trying to make a set of cards (for the card game "Kloo") in the Marshallese language. It's basically color-coded for noun, verbs, etc... to be placed in a certain order. How do I discover the ...
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3 votes
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Spanish reading passages with a focus on specific grammar

Is there such a thing as reading passages where the passage has been specifically created with a focus on a specific part of grammar? If so, what are they called, and where can I find them? I'm ...
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1 answer
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Why we could say "I did it my way"? [closed]

I guess we usually say "I did it in this way", but I can find such below: 1. "I did it my way"; 2. "Everthing he achieved in life was earned the hard way". so we can just omit the "in"?
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Quickly creating flashcards with sentences for conjugations in Spanish

In the book "Fluent Forever" (related blog post here), Wyner suggests using sentences to learn conjugations of verbs. For example, to learn the conjugation of "to be", for each form of the conjugation ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How can I learn to speak in SOV when my L1 is SVO?

I have been learning Hindi for almost 2 years, and my mother tongue is English. I find that I can understand things in Hindi that I read or hear, and I have a working vocabulary, but I struggle to ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Can English people understand my English even if I do not use English grammar, but just words, adverbs and context?

I would say English language is way too difficult because of its grammar. For example, we have to conjugate many different tenses. Other languages such as Vietnamese do not conjugate tenses. For ...
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7 votes
2 answers
121 views

Should I correct my grammar mistakes or just ignore them while practice speaking?

While practice speaking a foreign language, I often find myself make a mistake during the speech and correct it immediately. The mistakes usually come from grammar, which I rarely do in writing. For ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What's the most complete book on English grammar?

I'm a foreigner who has never studied an English grammar book before and who now has the necessity to not only study the topic, but to know everything a good speaker should know. For this reason I ...
1 vote
0 answers
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What book(s) to read in order to learn letter-sound correspondence in English?

Someone advised me to go to the wikipedia page on "English Ortography" but in the references there are so many books that I don't know which to choose. In the same page there is also a list of letter-...
4 votes
1 answer
703 views

Grammar book for Russian B2-C1 exam preparation

I would like to review Russian grammar for passing the entry exams at a Russian university. Can you please suggest books where I can find structured chapters on Russian grammar? UPDATE I can ...
9 votes
2 answers
167 views

Why learn English grammar first? Just gets in the way

I watch Thai kids learning grammar; they can diagram English sentences at age twelve but almost tremble with fear when addressed with "How are you?" (as often as not they say "I am 12 years old.") My ...
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7 votes
1 answer
105 views

How do natives write without knowing grammar rules?

Grammar is boring, but how can native speakers write academically, without mistakes, without knowing the grammar rules they learnt in high school? Most natives learn grammar when they are in school, ...
4 votes
2 answers
98 views

Does memorizing French verb conjugations with the sound of English characters have negative impact in the future?

I'm struggling to memorize the verb conjugation in French as different conjugations are pronounced the same but the characters are different. For example, I tend to write the following sentence: Nous ...
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4 votes
1 answer
154 views

Question about Macedonian Grammar

I'm trying to learn Macedonian and one if the resources out there was paraphrased as saying the following about the Macedonian language: Belamaric-Wilsey says that the majority of Macedonian-...
-1 votes
1 answer
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What are the characteristics of the Macedonian language in this quote referring to? [closed]

I'm trying to learn Macedonian and one if the resources out there was paraphrased as saying the following about the Macedonian language: Belamaric-Wilsey says that the majority of Macedonian-...
4 votes
1 answer
99 views

Grammar books with exercises and answer key for autonomous study of Italian

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Italian that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Italian, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...
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3 votes
1 answer
56 views

Grammar books with exercises and answer key for autonomous study of Dutch

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Dutch that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Dutch, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in Spanish (...
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3 votes
0 answers
39 views

English grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study (A2 - B2)

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for English (as a second/foreign language) that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in English, i.e. all grammar rules ...
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6 votes
1 answer
1k views

French grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study (A2 - B2)

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for French that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in French, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in French ...
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6 votes
2 answers
750 views

German grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for German that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in German, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in German ...
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5 votes
0 answers
74 views

Spanish grammar books with exercises and answer key for self study

I am looking for a grammar book or series of grammar books for Spanish that match the following criteria: the book or books must be in Spanish, i.e. all grammar rules and instructions must be in ...
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10 votes
0 answers
85 views

How to practice honorifics?

Japanese has honorifics (敬語 - "keigo"), a feature of which my native language English is devoid. For example, there is different vocabulary and grammar to use when speaking to a social superior, about ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Sufficient grammar for a particular purpose

When I travel I enjoy trying to learn as much of the language as possible before I go. However, I often focus strongly on vocabulary, since I find that it's the most useful if I only have a short ...
7 votes
3 answers
179 views

Is there evidence that languages with complex grammar take longer to learn as a mother tongue?

This question is about learning to speak a language as a mother tongue (i.e., from birth (L1), not as a second language (L2)). Some languages have more grammar rules than others (number of cases, ...
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4 votes
2 answers
81 views

What types of resources can a native speaker of Dutch use to teach Dutch grammar to non-native speakers?

Most native speakers aren't linguists, so they may get stumped when non-native speakers ask them grammar questions. So what types of resources can a native speaker of Dutch use to teach Dutch grammar ...
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