Questions tagged [chinese]

Questions about learning or teaching the Chinese languages and their dialects, including, but not limited to, Standard Chinese, Mandarin, Wu, Yue, and Min. General questions about Chinese can be asked on our sister site Chinese Language Stack Exchange.

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76 views

Improving vocabulary reading foreign language literature on ebook readers, how to export selected vocabulary into a spaced repetition app?

For improving my vocabulary I read favourite novels and short stories, preferredly in the original (target) language. When my level isn't quite up to it, I read a translation (be that English or ...
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3answers
81 views

What are some of the best ways to get a toddler started learning Chinese in a non-native home?

We have a 1.5 year old boy in an English-only household. We'd like him to learn Chinese (Putonghua / Mandarin) over the next ten years or more. What are some of the best ways to get him exposed to ...
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607 views

Graded readers using traditional Chinese characters?

Graded readers are very useful for practising extensive reading. Extensive reading has several benefits, for example, getting a lot of comprehensible input. I have found several series of graded ...
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Is there justification for the claim that e.g. "3 hours study" ≃ "1 point" on the HSK6 exam?

General rule: it takes approximately 2-3 hours of studying Chinese to earn one point on the HSK 6 test. To make a test preparation schedule, subtract your score on your HSK 6 mock test from your score ...
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1answer
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On the HSK5 paper-based exam, can I do the writing section before the reading section?

Since I can handwrite characters, I signed up for the paper-based (handwritten) HSK5 exam. This will be my first time taking this exam, so I'm not familiar with the specifics. If allowable, I would ...
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3answers
281 views

How can I get over lack of learning resources in "minor languages"

Sometimes I want to learn a language but give up due to the lack of resources available. These languages tend to be the ones that very few people learn using English. In my opinion, one of the core ...
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23 views

For those who didn't blindly guess on the notoriously hard HSK6 语病 ("faulty wording") section, how did you prepare?

The first 10 questions of the Chinese HSK6 reading section are notoriously hard. Each question gives you 4 sentences and the task is to choose the one containing some kind of error. This part is so ...
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Beyond taking the test itself, what use is preparing for the HSK6 writing section?

Now that I've taken the Chinese HSK5 exam, my mind is turning towards HSK6. However, I find myself lacking motivation to study for this exam, and one of the main reasons is the writing section (also ...
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On the HSK5 exam, if you're asked to use a separable verb in a sentence, can you separate it?

Question 99 on the HSK5 exam asks you to write an approximately 80-character snippet using 5 given words. A typical example looks like this: Here, we see the separable verb 结帐, so we can write ...
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45 views

In Mandarin, how can I overcome the problem of knowing all the words, but missing the overall meaning?

This issue arises over and over: In Mandarin Chinese, I often read a paragraph aloud, concentrating on pronunciation. I've studied all (or almost all) the words, and know what they mean individually....
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42 views

Does foreknowledge of Cantonese, rather than Mandarin, assist you more in learning Korean?

This r/korean comment answers my question as "yes", but it contains factual errors like "Cantonese is also much closer to Middle Chinese than Mandarin is". This r/linguistics ...
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241 views

Reading and Listening Resources for HSK 6 (B2)?

Those who take the HSK 5 (B1-level exam) are expected to be able to read Chinese novels and news articles and be able to watch movies and TV shows in Mandarin. That being so, are there any reading or ...
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27 views

For Mandarin, are there estimates on how many repetitions it takes to remember a word through reading?

Nation (2014) (pdf) discusses English vocabulary acquisition through extensive reading alone. While reading at a 98% comprehensible input level, the learner will (probably) remember a word ...
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Does it take "about 50 exposures for most words to be retained in long term memory"?

...per Chinese teacher Terry Waltz, it takes about 50 exposures for most words to be retained in long term memory... The kind of beginner content I'd like to see, u/Elevenxiansheng, Reddit r/...
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48 views

What do Chinese students do with the lists of new characters in 语文 textbooks?

In my grade-3 语文 textbooks, we find lists of new characters which appear in the accompanying essay, such as the following: I'm curious as to what what Chinese students actually do with this. I ...
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351 views

How many Hanzi (Chinese characters) are theoretically possible to learn per day using Heisig's RTH?

I am currently learning three new Chinese characters per day using Heisig's Remembering the Simplified Hanzi (1 and 2) combined with Anki. This leisurely pace suits me because Chinese is not my top ...
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1answer
33 views

What "homework" can I do to benefit more from watching a Chinese movie?

For me, going to the cinemas is enjoyable, there are no distractions, and it's satisfying recognizing something I've worked hard to learn (other benefits are here). It's finally possible to go to the ...
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118 views

Where can I find example answers to the Chinese HSK6 test composition 书写 (aka 缩写 or "question 101")?

The Chinese HSK6 test has a section called 书写 where you're given an ~1000 character passage and 10 minutes to read it. Here's the introduction: 第101题:缩写。(1)仔细阅读下面这篇文章,时间为10分钟,阅读时不能抄写、记录。(2)10分钟后,...
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1answer
45 views

Are there study methods aimed in particular at Chinese measure words?

Chinese has many measure words(*); in the HSK vocabulary, there are at least: 个 本 次 件 把 只 位 条 张 辆 包 双 层 刻 场 份 遍 台 座 节 趟 篇 棵 所 根 首 片 套 支 群 颗 顿 圈 项 顶 匹 团 幅 批 册 届 朵 壶 卷 艘 栋 枚 幢 束 粒 番 枝 株 (There are ...
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392 views

How many words/characters do I need to understand Chinese sitcoms?

I'm not sure how to ask this question since English words and Chinese characters are different, but hopefully someone will understand what I'm saying: basically, I'm wondering how many different words/...
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297 views

Is it more difficult for a native Chinese speaker to learn English, or vice versa?

I am a native Chinese speaker, and it was an excruciating journey for me to learn English. My personal belief is that the reason lies in the linguistics, namely the Chinese language may be somewhat ...
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66 views

Is there a resource which describes Chinese dynasties which is suitable for HSK6 learners?

I'm working my way through a Coursera HSK6 course. In the first lesson of week 3, Professor Wang Yu offers practical advice about how to answer reading [阅读] questions, and among his advice is to gain ...
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68 views

Is there much point in aiming for the HSK5 or HSK6 Chinese tests (assuming it's not required)?

A lot of Chinese learners aim for passing some level of the HSK tests. Judging from what I've read online, many people become demotivated regarding these tests around the late-HSK4 level (e.g. me), ...
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1answer
55 views

How do I make my Chinese listening robust to unknown words?

From my perspective, when reading sentences in Chinese, I might read: [understandable part] [unknown word] [understandable part]. And I can usually understand the whole sentence to a large degree ...
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2answers
12k views

How long between each HSK level for learning Mandarin?

A common question among language learners is how long will it take me to learn <insert language>?, and the usual answer, for a native English speaker, is to refer to the FSI list, which divides ...
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After stumbling upon a word in Chinese, how can I determine if it's worth studying?

Nowadays I'm reading opinion pieces and news articles in Chinese. I'm at a late-HSK5 level. I stumble upon many new words, too many to study them all, so I need prioritize some words and postpone ...
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53 views

How additionally useful is HSK6 over HSK5 for reading Chinese native news and opinion pieces?

When deciding whether to study Chinese, students often state two goals: (a) to pass a HSK test, and (b) to read Chinese news articles. I'm towards the end of HSK5, and I already read some news-...
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1answer
24 views

How can I prepare for a discussion involving pre-specified Chinese words with my teacher?

Like a lot of learners, my Chinese reading and writing abilities far exceed my speaking and listening. As a result, my teacher says I should study a certain page (高级口语(I) p.8) in a textbook, and be ...
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1answer
109 views

Graded readers using simplified Chinese characters?

Graded readers are very useful for practising extensive reading. Extensive reading has several benefits, for example, getting a lot of comprehensible input. The majority of speakers of Standard ...
2
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1answer
64 views

How can I repurpose the time spent reading random stuff on the Internet to improve my Chinese?

This is my situation most days: I'm too tired to study Chinese... ...but it's too early to go to bed... ...I know, I'll read random stuff on the Internet. I feel like I could should be utilizing ...
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How do you learn to read Vietnamese using Chữ Nôm?

I am able to read Chinese characters, and have been exposed to Chữ Nôm, which is derived by amalgamating Chinese characters according to their meaning and pronunciation, so as to represent a Native ...
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41 views

Resources for teaching children Chinese

My nine-year-old son is bilingual English/French (British father, French mother) and absolutely devours books for his age in both languages (ie his reading age in both languages seems roughly equal), ...
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2answers
93 views

Can Speak Chinese; Need Learning Resources to Bring Reading Skill to Same Level (HSK4)

Good Day! I have an interesting conundrum - I can speak Chinese just fine (in fact I just took an HSK placement exam at the local Confucius Centre and was ranked at 4 for listening and speaking). I ...
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47 views

I want to train myself to use the Chinese grammar particle 了 correctly: how do I go about doing that?

Motivation: In Chinese grammar, there's a particle 了 which has two main uses: completion 了 (post-verb) and change-of-state 了 (end of sentence). I'm bad at using this particle (see How does someone ...
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3answers
248 views

Is it easy for native Japanese speakers to remember simplified Chinese characters?

Kanji resemble Chinese characters because they were introduced into the Japanese language via Chinese. Is it easy for native Japanese speakers to remember simplified Chinese characters? I'm asking ...
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1answer
314 views

Resources for learning to read Chinese newspapers (in simplified Chinese characters)?

Many textbooks for learning Standard Chinese, e.g. New Practical Chinese Reader, focus on conversational Chinese. In these textbooks, the text in the lessons are always dialogues. This type of ...
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4answers
168 views

How can I progress from A1 to B2 on listening skills?

My written Mandarin Chinese is likely B2 while speaking and listening are practically useless, likely A1 on CEFR scale. I'm now trying to improve the listening and speaking fluency, but for me it is ...
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1answer
66 views

Helping a Chinese native improve her advanced-level English

I'm helping a middle-aged, college-educated woman from mainland China improve her English. This is a hard-working, well-educated, highly-self-motivated student. She has lived in the USA for many years....
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2answers
116 views

What are the main causes of foreign language anxiety in learners of Chinese?

Wikipedia defines foreign language anxiety as follows: Foreign language anxiety, or xenoglossophobia, is the feeling of unease, worry, nervousness and apprehension experienced in learning or using ...
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64 views

What is the proper etiquette for a nonnative speaker who wants to practice Mandarin at a Chinese supermarket in the US?

There is a Chinese supermarket in the US I often shop at. I often hear the staff speaking Mandarin or Cantonese, and occasionally Hakka or Fujianese, amongst themselves and to Chinese customers. I can ...
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1answer
78 views

Learning kanji and vocabulary

Learning vocabulary in Japanese (and I assume Chinese) is a strange feeling since one must also learn how to write that word using Chinese characters. When I started learning Japanese, I learnt words ...
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In which languages is the lastname written before the name? [closed]

I would like to know in which languages is the lastname always written before the name. I know Taiwanese people do it. I was reading about the creator of Taekwondo Choi Hong Hi and I wondered if Choi ...
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4answers
391 views

How useful is it to study Chinese using Duolingo's English for Chinese speakers course?

Unfortunately, Duolingo does not have a Chinese for English speakers course. However, there is a English for Chinese speakers course. In other words, there is a course where people who speak Chinese ...
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0answers
257 views

High-qualilty videos for New Practical Chinese Reader

新实用汉语课本 or New Practical Chinese Reader is a series of textbooks for learning Standard Chinese published by Beijing Language and Culture University Press. There are six textbooks, containing 70 ...
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2answers
1k views

List of Chinese "verb plus object" verbs?

In Chinese, many verbs consist of two characters. However, not all two-character verbs function in the same way. One category of two-character verbs consists of verbs where the two characters cannot ...
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1answer
2k views

HSK3 written test - what to expect and how to prepare?

It would be useful for beginner Mandarin learners, who want to eventually take the HSK exam(s), to hear success stories and HSK-specific advice. If you have passed the HSK Level 3 written test ...
6
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1answer
721 views

Efficient way to teach English singular/plurals and verb tenses to Chinese students

Chinese mandarin nouns have no singular/plural forms. Also, the concept of time in mandarin is not expressed by changing verb forms, and other mechanisms are used for this purpose, such as adding '...
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1answer
288 views

Which order should I learn Japanese and Chinese? [closed]

Saw this question on Area 51 and I'm learning both languages. Which order should I learn Japanese and Chinese? I already know some French and am fluent in English, so what way would I go from that? ...
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1answer
273 views

Are there any advanced proficiency tests for Standard Chinese (CEFR C1/C2)?

HSK or Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi is the PRC's official Chinese language proficiency test for non-native speakers of Standard Chinese. Hanban has published a mappping between the six HSK levels and the six ...
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69 views

What are general cognitive principles that could explain why Heisig's method works?

This is a follow up to this question on Remembering the Kana. James Heisig is author of a famous series of books involving learning Chinese and Japanese characters. These books are Remembering the ...