Questions tagged [chinese]

Questions about the Chinese languages and their dialects, including, but not limited to, Standard Chinese, Mandarin, Wu, Yue, and Min.

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2
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11 views

What “homework” can I do to benefit more from watching a Chinese movie?

For me, going to the cinemas is enjoyable, there are no distractions, and it's satisfying recognizing something I've worked hard to learn (other benefits are here). It's finally possible to go to the ...
2
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1answer
21 views

Reading and Listening Resources for HSK 6 (B2)?

Those who take the HSK 5 (B1-level exam) are expected to be able to read Chinese novels and news articles and be able to watch movies and TV shows in Mandarin. That being so, are there any reading or ...
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1answer
26 views

Are there study methods aimed in particular at Chinese measure words?

Chinese has many measure words(*); in the HSK vocabulary, there are at least: 个 本 次 件 把 只 位 条 张 辆 包 双 层 刻 场 份 遍 台 座 节 趟 篇 棵 所 根 首 片 套 支 群 颗 顿 圈 项 顶 匹 团 幅 批 册 届 朵 壶 卷 艘 栋 枚 幢 束 粒 番 枝 株 (There are ...
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2answers
70 views

How many words/characters do I need to understand Chinese sitcoms?

I'm not sure how to ask this question since English words and Chinese characters are different, but hopefully someone will understand what I'm saying: basically, I'm wondering how many different words/...
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1answer
25 views

Where can I find example answers to the Chinese HSK6 test composition 书写 (aka 缩写 or “question 101”)?

The Chinese HSK6 test has a section called 书写 where you're given an ~1000 character passage and 10 minutes to read it. Here's the introduction: 第101题:缩写。(1)仔细阅读下面这篇文章,时间为10分钟,阅读时不能抄写、记录。(2)10分钟后,...
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1answer
48 views

Is there a resource which describes Chinese dynasties which is suitable for HSK6 learners?

I'm working my way through a Coursera HSK6 course. In the first lesson of week 3, Professor Wang Yu offers practical advice about how to answer reading [阅读] questions, and among his advice is to gain ...
6
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1answer
42 views

How do I make my Chinese listening robust to unknown words?

From my perspective, when reading sentences in Chinese, I might read: [understandable part] [unknown word] [understandable part]. And I can usually understand the whole sentence to a large degree ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Improving vocabulary reading foreign language literature on ebook readers, how to export selected vocabulary into a spaced repetition app?

For improving my vocabulary I read favourite novels and short stories, preferredly in the original (target) language. When my level isn't quite up to it, I read a translation (be that English or ...
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32 views

How additionally useful is HSK6 over HSK5 for reading Chinese native news and opinion pieces?

When deciding whether to study Chinese, students often state two goals: (a) to pass a HSK test, and (b) to read Chinese news articles. I'm towards the end of HSK5, and I already read some news-...
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3answers
74 views

After stumbling upon a word in Chinese, how can I determine if it's worth studying?

Nowadays I'm reading opinion pieces and news articles in Chinese. I'm at a late-HSK5 level. I stumble upon many new words, too many to study them all, so I need prioritize some words and postpone ...
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48 views

Is there much point in aiming for the HSK5 or HSK6 Chinese tests (assuming it's not required)?

A lot of Chinese learners aim for passing some level of the HSK tests. Judging from what I've read online, many people become demotivated regarding these tests around the late-HSK4 level (e.g. me), ...
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1answer
69 views

Does it take “about 50 exposures for most words to be retained in long term memory”?

...per Chinese teacher Terry Waltz, it takes about 50 exposures for most words to be retained in long term memory... The kind of beginner content I'd like to see, u/Elevenxiansheng, Reddit r/...
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1answer
18 views

How can I prepare for a discussion involving pre-specified Chinese words with my teacher?

Like a lot of learners, my Chinese reading and writing abilities far exceed my speaking and listening. As a result, my teacher says I should study a certain page (高级口语(I) p.8) in a textbook, and be ...
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1answer
74 views

Is it more difficult for a native Chinese speaker to learn English, or vice versa?

I am a native Chinese speaker, and it was an excruciating journey for me to learn English. My personal belief is that the reason lies in the linguistics, namely the Chinese language may be somewhat ...
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1answer
58 views

How can I repurpose the time spent reading random stuff on the Internet to improve my Chinese?

This is my situation most days: I'm too tired to study Chinese... ...but it's too early to go to bed... ...I know, I'll read random stuff on the Internet. I feel like I could should be utilizing ...
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How do you learn to read Vietnamese using Chữ Nôm?

I am able to read Chinese characters, and have been exposed to Chữ Nôm, which is derived by amalgamating Chinese characters according to their meaning and pronunciation, so as to represent a Native ...
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32 views

Resources for teaching children Chinese

My nine-year-old son is bilingual English/French (British father, French mother) and absolutely devours books for his age in both languages (ie his reading age in both languages seems roughly equal), ...
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43 views

I want to train myself to use the Chinese grammar particle 了 correctly: how do I go about doing that?

Motivation: In Chinese grammar, there's a particle 了 which has two main uses: completion 了 (post-verb) and change-of-state 了 (end of sentence). I'm bad at using this particle (see How does someone ...
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2answers
81 views

Can Speak Chinese; Need Learning Resources to Bring Reading Skill to Same Level (HSK4)

Good Day! I have an interesting conundrum - I can speak Chinese just fine (in fact I just took an HSK placement exam at the local Confucius Centre and was ranked at 4 for listening and speaking). I ...
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1answer
50 views

Helping a Chinese native improve her advanced-level English

I'm helping a middle-aged, college-educated woman from mainland China improve her English. This is a hard-working, well-educated, highly-self-motivated student. She has lived in the USA for many years....
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2answers
86 views

What are the main causes of foreign language anxiety in learners of Chinese?

Wikipedia defines foreign language anxiety as follows: Foreign language anxiety, or xenoglossophobia, is the feeling of unease, worry, nervousness and apprehension experienced in learning or using ...
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What is the proper etiquette for a nonnative speaker who wants to practice Mandarin at a Chinese supermarket in the US?

There is a Chinese supermarket in the US I often shop at. I often hear the staff speaking Mandarin or Cantonese, and occasionally Hakka or Fujianese, amongst themselves and to Chinese customers. I can ...
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1answer
28 views

In which languages is the lastname written before the name? [closed]

I would like to know in which languages is the lastname always written before the name. I know Taiwanese people do it. I was reading about the creator of Taekwondo Choi Hong Hi and I wondered if Choi ...
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1answer
58 views

Learning kanji and vocabulary

Learning vocabulary in Japanese (and I assume Chinese) is a strange feeling since one must also learn how to write that word using Chinese characters. When I started learning Japanese, I learnt words ...
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2answers
137 views

How can I get over lack of learning resources in “minor languages”

Sometimes I want to learn a language but give up due to the lack of resources available. These languages tend to be the ones that very few people learn using English. In my opinion, one of the core ...
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145 views

High-qualilty videos for New Practical Chinese Reader

新实用汉语课本 or New Practical Chinese Reader is a series of textbooks for learning Standard Chinese published by Beijing Language and Culture University Press. There are six textbooks, containing 70 ...
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1answer
82 views

Graded readers using simplified Chinese characters?

Graded readers are very useful for practising extensive reading. Extensive reading has several benefits, for example, getting a lot of comprehensible input. The majority of speakers of Standard ...
4
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1answer
154 views

How many Hanzi (Chinese characters) are theoretically possible to learn per day using Heisig's RTH?

I am currently learning three new Chinese characters per day using Heisig's Remembering the Simplified Hanzi (1 and 2) combined with Anki. This leisurely pace suits me because Chinese is not my top ...
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What are general cognitive principles that could explain why Heisig's method works?

This is a follow up to this question on Remembering the Kana. James Heisig is author of a famous series of books involving learning Chinese and Japanese characters. These books are Remembering the ...
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2answers
103 views

Should I learn Simplified or Traditional Chinese characters for reading in China?

I am interested in learning Mandarin Chinese, as written in Mainland China, and I see that they use both Traditional and Simplified characters. Is one more dominant than the other? Is one considered ...
4
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2answers
7k views

How long between each HSK level for learning Mandarin?

A common question among language learners is how long will it take me to learn <insert language>?, and the usual answer, for a native English speaker, is to refer to the FSI list, which divides ...
5
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1answer
2k views

HSK3 written test - what to expect and how to prepare?

It would be useful for beginner Mandarin learners, who want to eventually take the HSK exam(s), to hear success stories and HSK-specific advice. If you have passed the HSK Level 3 written test ...
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1answer
94 views

How to overcome hurdles learning Chinese as a vegan?

Chinese seems to have many words indicating, or at least traditionally derived, from the killing of animals. Examples of these are 红, a character for red indicating prosperity, derived from the color ...
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0answers
30 views

Which romanization system is closest to native pronunciation of Standard Mandarin?

The most commonly used Mandarin romanization systems are Hanyu Pinyin (most common by far), Gwoyeu Romatzyh (GR), and Wade-Giles (more common in Taiwan than China). Based on your experience, and ...
5
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0answers
103 views

How to overcome language learning fatigue when learning Standard Chinese?

An acquaintance of mine has been learning Standard Chinese in his spare time for a number of years. He passed the HSK3 test with a very high score and started preparing for HSK4. However, he recently ...
7
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2answers
139 views

Should I use my second language to learn my third language? [duplicate]

English is my second language (I do not have a good command of it.) while Chinese is my first language. I want to have Japanese as my third language. Can I learn Japanese from books/tutorials ...
6
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1answer
459 views

Efficient way to teach English singular/plurals and verb tenses to Chinese students

Chinese mandarin nouns have no singular/plural forms. Also, the concept of time in mandarin is not expressed by changing verb forms, and other mechanisms are used for this purpose, such as adding '...
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0answers
48 views

Learning Mandarin or Japanese First? [duplicate]

I am interested by both Japanese and Chinese cultures and I intend to learn both Mandarin and Japanese at some point (I don't even know if this is realistic as I also intend to learn Spanish and ...
8
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4answers
156 views

How can I progress from A1 to B2 on listening skills?

My written Mandarin Chinese is likely B2 while speaking and listening are practically useless, likely A1 on CEFR scale. I'm now trying to improve the listening and speaking fluency, but for me it is ...
4
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1answer
122 views

Resources for learning to read Chinese newspapers (in simplified Chinese characters)?

Many textbooks for learning Standard Chinese, e.g. New Practical Chinese Reader, focus on conversational Chinese. In these textbooks, the text in the lessons are always dialogues. This type of ...
7
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1answer
54 views

How to teach someone to correctly pronounce unaspirated t and p in Standard Chinese?

Some languages, such an English and German, make a distinction between the aspirated voiced consonants pʰ and tʰ on the one hand and the unaspirated voiced b and d on the other. Standard Chinese by ...
7
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1answer
190 views

Are there any advanced proficiency tests for Standard Chinese (CEFR C1/C2)?

HSK or Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi is the PRC's official Chinese language proficiency test for non-native speakers of Standard Chinese. Hanban has published a mappping between the six HSK levels and the six ...
3
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1answer
49 views

Book or other resources on activities for teaching Chinese grammar?

I am looking for a book or other resources about tasks and activities for teaching Chinese grammar. There are book on teaching English grammar, e.g. Task-based grammar teaching of English by Susanne ...
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1answer
68 views

Are there natural languages with logographic systems that don't require learning the spoken language?

This isn't posted to linguistics because I'm concerned about the purpose of language learning. I've found questions asking whether you need to learn written Japanese to learn spoken, for instance, ...
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0answers
59 views

Online course or resources on speed reading in Chinese

In a comment to my previous question about the transfer of speed reading skills to other languages, someone wondered whether this would be affected by the writing system. This is very plausible. In ...
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0answers
40 views

What can teachers do to promote or increase mastery of 把 structures in Standard Chinese?

Each lesson in the Chinese series of texbooks New Practical Chinese Reader contains a section entitled "Master the following phrases". Below are a few examples from lesson 16 (in volume 2): 现在就去 - ...
3
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1answer
376 views

Graded readers using traditional Chinese characters?

Graded readers are very useful for practising extensive reading. Extensive reading has several benefits, for example, getting a lot of comprehensible input. I have found several series of graded ...
10
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2answers
204 views

How to teach someone to correctly pronounce tones in tonal languages such as Standard Chinese?

I regularly meet with a small group of other learners of Standard Chinese. They have been learning Chinese for several years, though not as long as me. One of their problems is pronunciation, ...
8
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2answers
631 views

List of Chinese “verb plus object” verbs?

In Chinese, many verbs consist of two characters. However, not all two-character verbs function in the same way. One category of two-character verbs consists of verbs where the two characters cannot ...
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2answers
90 views

Can I measure my Chinese proficiency without taking an HSK test?

Is it possible to measure my proficiency on Mandarin Chinese without taking an HSK exam? I recently took a brief exam on EasyMandarin website but it is only about a brief grammar and vocabulary test, ...