Many students of Chinese as a second language opt out of learning handwriting characters. My impression (from my personal experience) is that the proportion of beginner students who learn handwriting is much lower than the proportion of advanced students who learn handwriting.
In other words, if...
- Beginner: x% of students learn handwriting;
- Intermediate: y% of students learn handwriting;
- Advanced: z% of students learn handwriting,
then I feel x < y < z.
I'm curious as to whether this is actually true. The most relevant paper I found was Lu, Ostrow, Heffernan, Save Your Strokes: Chinese Handwriting Practice Makes for Ineffective Use of Instructional Time in Second Language Classrooms, AERA Open (2019), but it doesn't address this particular topic.
Question: How does the proportion of Chinese-language students who learn handwriting change with level?