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I have studied a few languages not using the Latin alphabet, namely Japanese, Chinese, and most recently Russian.

If you are familiar with Japanese/Chinese, you know that typing on a computer works by spelling out the roman transcription of a word, and then auto-completing it to the correct script. For example, I type the characters "r e i", which in turn is translated to the Japanese syllabary into れ い automatically, and then you can select the character 例 by hitting space and selecting that from a dropdown. How I enter the Japanese character 例

Now that I started learning Russian, I'd like to have the same functionality. I.e. tying "muzhchina" and having it converted to "мужчина".

However, my operating system (tried on OSX and Win7) only provides various Russian keyboard layouts. I'd have to learn these layouts, i.e. the positions of the letters of the Cyrillic alphabet in order to type.

Is there any solution out there that lets me type a roman transcription which is then translated into Cyrillic?

If not, is there any reason for that? I would be open to implementing such an input method if there is actual interest in that.

  • By the way, on the latest versions of OSX, the Japanese IME guesses the default characters that would fit into the sentence (e.g., I type r e i b u n while in hiragana mode for the Japanese IME and 例文 appears automatically) – virmaior May 4 '16 at 7:45
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I would bite the bullet and get a Russian keyboard. In the long run it is better to use the native character keyboard. You have to learn it, but doing so eliminates one step (realizing and entering the roman equivalents) in the process, and keeps your mind focused on the target language.

This also reduces the number of key presses in many cases.

But since the character quantity of Cyrillic and Alpha characters are roughly the same, the necessity of an IME is not the same as in Japanese, where there could not possibly be enough keys.

BTW, for Japanese the entry function (romaji or kana) is separate from the character lookup function (corresponding Kanji characters). In the case of Cyrillic, only the first one is applicable.

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The reason why there exist complex programs for typing CJK symbols is the fact that there are simply too many symbols to fit into any keyboard.

Cyrillic letters pretty much fit the standard keyboard (with some stretches, e.g. there remains few available keys for typographic symbols that leads to comma and dot sit on the same key which I hate the most).

One more thing. As you may know, the keyboard layouts (in any language) have been derived from typewriters, and the major constraints were avoiding clash and jam if neighboring arms were pressed at the same time or in rapid succession. That's why English has QWERTY while Cyrillic ones have ЙЦУКЕН.

But yes, there exist Cyrillic keyboards for various hardware/software platforms following English typewriter rules.
In other words, you will have Latin 'A' → Cyrillic 'А', Latin 'L' → Cyrillic 'Л', and so on.

Russian phonetic keyboard layout
(image courtesy of Lythum.lt)

Googling for "Cyrillic phonetic keyboard" provides with plenty of nice results, including this and this.

  • I'm not completely positive but my experience a decade ago was that Korean IMEs are more like Russian IMEs (they rearrange the keyboard to provide 1-key 1-part-of-syllabary). – virmaior May 4 '16 at 7:42
  • Curiosity: the French keyboard is AZERTY. (The Portuguese one was HCESAR for typewriters, but for computer keyboards we adopted the English base keyboard.) – ANeves May 9 '16 at 9:08
  • For copyright reasons, I'd replace the keyboard image with something that is in the public domain or under Creative Commons, e.g. this one, which is used in Wikipedia. – Christophe Strobbe Aug 31 '16 at 17:07
  • +1 -This keyboard is far more typist-friendly than "full-blown" Russian keyboard. Just few characters are different, it is like a typing with a slight lisp. Very intuitive, in my experience. – Peter M. Jan 5 '18 at 22:07
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Yes. Russian.typeit.org. And if you know how to type in the official transliteration systems, there is the fantastically useful Cyracademisator.

And see here; Martin Podolak is a beast.

And for Chrome, Windows, and Google Services, Google Input Tools is great.

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