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In my book, there is a rule to conjugate verbs that are both sibilant and -ik verbs. For instance alszik conjugates in present as:

alszom, alszol, alszik, alszunk, alszotok, alszanak.

Next, it is asked to conjugate zuhanyozik. I can see that it is also a sibilant and -ik, but the conjugation is

zyhanyozom, zuhanyozol, zuhanyozik, zuhanyozunk, zuhanyoztok, zuhanyoznak

The conjugation for ti and ők are different compared to alszik. In fact, it conjugates exactly the same as találkozik. Is there a rule for how to recognize and conjugate appropriately the sibilants + ik verbs? Do I have to learn them by heart?

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The forms alszotok and alszanak have a linking vowel because "lsz" is a consonant cluster, not because sz is a sibilant. The stem of zuhanyozik doesn't end in a consonant cluster, so zuhanyoztok and zuhanyoznak have no linking vowel. A linking vowel occurs also after consonant clusters ending in non-sibilant consonants, or after a single t.

Linking vowels in the present tense are explained in 2.3 of this guide: "Learn the Hungarian Present Tense (in 30 Minutes", Catch Budapest.

It gives the following examples:

mond- segít- küld-
mond-otok segít-etek küld-ötök
mond-anak segít-enek küld-enek

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