Having only a basic grasp of the Greek alphabet (as used in math and physics mostly), I am sometimes confused when looking at Greek spelling of certain proper names or words. The most common source of this confusion for me is the weird relationship between the letters
γ. It seems to me that in some contexts
γ is read as if it were
ν and I'm curious to know why. Below are the two examples that caught my attention recently:
fengari) - the word for moon
Planktai) - name of the Wandering Rocks from Homer's Odyssey
In both these cases we have a gamma apparently serving as a nu. I was even suspecting the existence of some other forms of certain letters (a'la final forms in Hebrew), but I used Emacs (amateur linguist's best friend) to confirm that those were ordinary gammas.