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Many people nowadays know Noam Chomsky mainly as a social critic and political activist. For those who have a background in linguistics, he is a major figure in twentieth-century linguistics. One of the concepts introduced by Chomsky is universal grammar (UG). How did this concept impact language learning theory in the 1950s and 1960s?

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    Most people in the computer science field (especially those who work in the programming languages area) are familiar with him for the Chomsky Hierarchy, which defines concepts like context-free grammars, regular expressions (regex), etc. Although the concepts were linguistic in origin, they are the cornerstones of parser design. And there is scarcely a programmer around who hasn't used a regex for one thing or another. – Mike Harris Dec 16 '18 at 2:34
  • @MikeHarris Your comment would be the starting point of a good answer on a computer-science-related site, but I'm sure you know that LLSE is not that kind of site. Programming languages are off-topic here. – Christophe Strobbe Dec 16 '18 at 18:43
  • Absolutely! (That's why it's a comment, and not an answer.) – Mike Harris Dec 16 '18 at 22:37
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I would argue that it largely resulted in the development of the Audio-Lingual and Direct Method teaching methodologies.

Have a look at this list of language teaching methodologies. It gives a good overview of language teaching methodologies.

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