Most letters in the Hebrew alphabet have only one pronunciation, but there are a few with two potential pronunciations. I know that both are acceptable, but how are Israeli kids taught to pronounce them these days in school?

The letters are:

ד - dalet or daled?

י - yod or yud?

ק - kof or kuf?

  • Very good and non-broad question. That's also why I did a bounty for you, other than wanting to stop your frustration! :) :D <3 Commented Sep 17, 2018 at 21:51
  • OK thanks! Hopefully an Israeli chimes in.
    – AML
    Commented Sep 18, 2018 at 0:03
  • No problem. <3 enjoy your answers and good luck! Commented Sep 18, 2018 at 13:31
  • Just a note: I have asked questions before relating to how to pronounce 2 different Arabic letters & my question was flagged for not being relevant to language learning so be careful.
    – jastako
    Commented Dec 15, 2020 at 14:12

1 Answer 1


PART 1: Survey of educated Israelis

I got in touch with four very educated Israelis (all have Master's and/or PhD), and this is what they said:

  1. Israeli #1: daled, yud, and kuf are the common pronunciations, and dalet, yod, kof are the "correct" ones.
  2. Israeli #2: daled, yod, kuf are taught in school.
  3. Israeli #3: daled, yud, and kuf are the common pronunciations, and dalet, yod, kof are the "correct" ones.
  4. Israeli #4: "dalet is prescribed by the Academy and is most common, so no question there. The same for kuf. For yud I wasn't able to find the issue addressed by the Academy. They sometimes do that when there is no historic or rule-based reason to favor one form over the other. So I'll go with yud as it's by far more common among native speakers".

Taught-in-school consensus = 3 out of 4 dalet, 3 out of 4 yod, 2 out of 4 kof.

There is a difference of opinion, so clearly it's not 100% obvious. Thus I undertook a second phase of this research.

PART 2: Online research

I did some more research on my own by looking at the Hebrew wikipedia pages on these three letters:

  • Dalet (דל"ת) seems to be the official pronunciation of ד. Interestingly, דל"ד is not even listed as an option on the Hebrew page.
  • Yod (יוֹד) seems to be the official pronunciation of י, and יוּד is listed second.
  • Kof (קוֹף) seems to be the official pronunciation of ק, and קוּף is listed second.


In summary, it seems that dalet is the least ambiguously most common and correct, thus it is the official one, as well as yod and kof, and these are the "correct" pronunciations taught in school. But many/most commonly say yud and kuf, in addition to dalet. The good news is you can pronounce these three with either variation and no one will blink an eye.

  • You missed one: צ, which is officially "tzadi" but is sometimes pronounced "tzadik". Commented Jul 16, 2022 at 11:55
  • I didn't include that letter because that's just a Yiddish variation/influence.
    – AML
    Commented Jul 18, 2022 at 12:31

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