Is there a comprehensive reference that classifies books on English grammar according to the major type of grammar (reference, transformational, relational, head-driven case structure ... ) the authors espouse? This article by Richard Nordquist at ThoughtCo.com makes a good starting point.
This was not well received on ELU Meta, ostensibly merely because it is a request for resources (though I think that really some contributors to ELU prefer to give responses as though they were unchallengeable rather than in line with a particular analysis).
Though I can't find the equivalent of the ELU Help Center and Meta facilities here, I have been informed that requests for resources are certainly not off-topic here. And I'm sure that the knowledge that even top linguists don't agree on analyses of and approaches to understanding English, and what these schools are, how these schools differ and where a person doing research will meet a given approach, are essential prerequisites for any meaningful attempts at learning and teaching the English language.