I'm currently looking for scholarly research papers that discuss how speaking fluency is developed, especially for people learning English.

If there are any recommended readings, please share them here.

I'm interested in reading about scientific findings.

Thanks in advance for your help!

  • 2
    Does "English learners" here refer to people learning English, or English people learning other languages? (There is probably a ton of research on speaking fluency.)
    – Tsundoku
    Jul 10, 2017 at 18:59
  • English learners refer to people learning English :)
    – user229302
    Jul 10, 2017 at 19:03
  • 1
    Like @ChristopheStrobbe mentioned, there is no doubt quite a bit of research on this topic, so I'm sure you'll get an answer soon.
    – fi12
    Jul 17, 2017 at 11:34
  • Folks, take a look at the Resources for Researching Language Learning Questions to help you answer this question.
    – Tsundoku
    Sep 7, 2017 at 13:58

1 Answer 1


Here are several references to get you started:

  1. How Long Does It Take English Learners To Attain Proficiency?
  2. Investigating Fluency in EFL: A Quantitative Approach
  3. Oral Skill Development in Second Languages (link to PDF)

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