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I'm going to learn the Persian alphabet. I found it very difficult because the letters look different depending on whether they are at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a word. Is there any concept, resource or method that makes it easier? Should I first learn letters separately or it is better to learn letters from whole words?

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I'm answering your question based on the Arabic alphabet!

You should try to learn the letters based on their position in a word! Learning a couple of words might help for the start, but isn't a good solution. As usually when we learn this alphabet we learn all the styles of writing any of the letters according all possible cases:

For example:

  • For the letter baa'حرف الباء or ب
    If separated (at the end of a word) ب
    In the middle ـبـ
    At the end (but not separated from the rest) ـب
    At the beginning بـ
  • More tricky is the letter taa' حرف التاء or ت
    As it might be written (for feminin noun) as follows at the end of the word: ة if separated or if not separated ـة.

Some letters might be even written differently in the beginning or if they were written separately!

But maybe a helpful rule if in an Arabic word you have the letters: و, ر, ز or ا in the middle of a word the following letter would of course be written separately (as if they were at the beginning of a word).

Some Examples:
كِلَابٌ (kilaabun/dogs) you must scroll down the link as it covers dogs only as an extra example as it is the words plural,
حَرَامٌ (haraamun/unlawful),
خِنْزِيرٌ (khinzeerun/hog),
مَوْقِفٌ (mawqifun/circumsance, situation but also stop if related to cars for example)

Feel free to ask, further questions, I hope I can answer them or help!

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    Persian differs just with 4 characters so it should be fine. Thank you for answer. – Kacper Jan 19 '17 at 13:25
  • @Kacper I know about the differences, but as I don't know more than that I can't answer for Persian language! – Medi1Saif Jan 20 '17 at 11:27
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A visual approach will be handy. Some letters are just the same wherever they comes and for some others the core form of each letter is the same whether it is at the beginning, middle, or end of the word. For example: Letter (ژ) assumes the same form everywhere, it just might be connected with other letters. But letter (چ) is (چوب) at the begging, (بچرخ) and at the end (پوچ). So actually just 2 forms of which one is just part of the other.

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