Many people learn foreign languages at school, which often involves learning vocabulary lists. Others learn languages through immersion. Each method has its benefits and drawbacks.

What are the main benefits and drawbacks of learning vocabulary only through conversation?

2 Answers 2


In a YouTube video from September 2016, the British polyglot Olly Richards explains that he had been learning Cantonese without learning to read and write. He had been following the advice to focus on oral skills first, and he found that it kept the momentum going and that it kept him motivated to learn.

But after a few years, he felt he got stuck at an intermediate plateau, with a limited vocabulary. When learning other languages, breaking through that plateau always involved reading. That's why he decided to start learning Chinese characters. (He also created a number of videos about this new learning project; see the playlist Project: Learn To Write Chinese Characters .)


For many/most languages, learning only oral way would not allow you to learn to read and write. Which might (or might not) be included in your goals. (This is obvious: you might speak and understand, but be illiterate and not able to read and write)

Also, learning by conversation does not allow (a learner of English) to distinguish between homophones, who make mistakes like "cell vs sell", "brake vs break" etc in written form of English.

Also, there is a contested theory that there are multiple learning styles: some people prefer oral, some people prefer visual, or kinetic/tactile inputs.

It seems that research results are not consistent so far: it means that approach works for some people but not for others, like so many other theories from cognitive science.

From personal experience, I found out that I strongly prefer visual learning style, limiting the learning to auditory only would be not using my strongest facility. I am much better able to remember a word if I can associate it with an image, and pronunciation (even recognize the correct pronunciation) if I can see it as IPA.

IOW: I can much better learn the correct pronunciation after I've seen it in IPA, than just by listening alone.

So (as linked Wikipedia page mentions), none of the learning approaches works 100% for everybody. I recommend every person to try and see which of the approaches works best. It is nothing wrong to use method which works best for you personally, even if it is not universal. Build on your own strengths.

  • Please note that the learning styles have not been scientifically verified, as explained in the Wikipedia page you linked. They seem to be a plausible conjecture that turned out to be wrong.
    – Tommi
    Commented Dec 30, 2017 at 9:20
  • @TommiBrander - Interesting. I guess I read about this theory years ago and applied it with a success to my own learning without bothering to follow up on the research. I will update the page with a clarification. Commented Dec 31, 2017 at 17:35
  • @TommiBrander - Seems that nobody told me that the "visual learning style" I was using is not a thing. Well, I was so ignorant that regardless of that, I used it successfully to learn a language. Maybe if nobody told me that man cannot fly, I would be ignorant enough and able to fly ! :-) Commented Dec 31, 2017 at 17:56
  • The same fiction was mentioned by one lecturer during my teaching studies, so don't feel bad. It is a compelling theory. Sometimes they just happen to be wrong.
    – Tommi
    Commented Dec 31, 2017 at 18:42
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    @TommiBrander - I don't feel bad. Even if the theory in not 100% perfect and might not work for everyone, it did worked for me. :-) Commented Jan 1, 2018 at 17:07

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